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Successful Mine Rescues
Miners and others rescued after being trapped underground

Downloads available in MS Word formatComplete chronological lists in MS Word format of ALL the successful rescues and incidents of rescuer death in the United States that have been identified and compiled by the USMRA can be downloaded below ↓ or from any of the pages found at the Calendar of Mine Disasters.  These files are the copyrighted property of the United States Mine Rescue Association.


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Microsoft Word Format Successful Mine Rescues
Listed in descending chronological order, this file contains hundreds of successful rescues in the United States.
Incidents of Rescuer Death
Listed in descending chronological order, this file contains more than 125 incidents of rescuer death in the United States.



Inspired by the bravery that Daniel A. Lyle and Selwyn M. Taylor External Link displayed at the Harwick Mine Disaster in 1904, Andrew Carnegie started the Carnegie Hero Fund External Link.  The file linked here includes awardees associated with mining along with additional resources which you may find interesting.

United States United States
Successful Mine Rescue Durations      
This PDF file contains a chronological list of hundreds of successful rescues from 1846 to the present.  Each rescue event listed contains a web or document link to additional information about the event, including the length of time the victims were trapped.  This MS Excel file contains source links to documents for all rescues included here.
APR 2021 Abandoned Eureka Copper Mine Shaft Rescue, Corinth, Vermont — Police responded to a call someone had fallen in an abandoned copper mine shaft at the Eureka Mine on Pike Hill.  The man, who officials said was about 30 years old, tumbled down about 150 feet.  Firefighters assembled a twin-tension rope rescue system and lowered two paramedics into the shaft.  They then packaged and pulled up the patient in a basket.  After his — three-hour — confinement, the man was transported by ATV to a nearby helicopter, which took him to Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center.  There was no word on his injuries or his identity.  Officials said the entire rescue took less than one hour.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 2020 Abandoned Mine Shaft Rescue, New River, Arizona — After an undisclosed period, firefighters rescued a teenage boy from an abandoned mine shaft after he fell about 50 feet while driving an all-terrain vehicle in a desert area in the northern outskirts of metro Phoenix.  The 17-year-old boy was taken to hospital for evaluation after being pulled out of the shaft near New River.  No information was released about possible injuries but a Maricopa County Sheriff's Office spokesman said the boy was alert and speaking with rescuers.  Rescuers arriving at the scene found the boy at the bottom of the shaft with the ATV on top of him.  Personnel from the Glendale, Daisy Mountain, Phoenix and Peoria fire departments participated in the rescue.  Source document PDF Format
APR 2020 Isaban Mine No. 3, Gilbert, West Virginia — Timothy Kennedy, 26, who had been missing for more than a week, was located by MHST, West Virginia State Police, MSHA personnel, and a Southern Pocahontas Mine Rescue Team in the closed Isaban Mine No. 3 of Frasier Creek Mining, LLC.  Besides having to wade through some water, the rescuers did not encounter extreme adverse conditions and did not need to turn on their breathing devices.  They did find evidence of copper removal during their search.  The man was brought to the surface and examined by Elite Care Ambulance personnel before being taken to a hospital by life-flight for an evaluation.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 2018 Hi-Crush Sand Mine, Whitehall, Wisconsin — Robbie Gunderson was rescued at the Hi-Crush sand mine near Whitehall, Wisconsin when the bulldozer he was operating went into the holding pond and became submerged under several feet of water.  As the rescue efforts began, some 10 million gallons of water were released from the pond to lower its level the company statement said.  Officials at Hi-Crush said Gunderson was underwater for 2½ hours before he was rescued.
DEC 2017 Abandoned Mine Shaft Rescue, Golden, Colorado — A 15-year-old was pulled from an abandoned mine shaft near Golden Colorado after more than 3 hours.  Crews with the West Metro Fire Rescue rushed to rescue the teenager who was trapped in the old mine shaft.  The boy was climbing in the old mine shaft when his rope snapped and he fell about 60 feet down the deep hole.  He was already 40 feet down when he fell, so rescuers had to bring him up from 100 feet below.  He was rushed to St. Anthony’s Hospital for treatment of a broken leg.
JUN 2017 La Farge Gravel Mine Rescue, Placitas, New Mexico — Two workers became trapped while working on equipment at the La Farge gravel mine.  Attempting their rescue, two others also became engulfed in the material.  Two of the workers were buried up to their necks, a third to his chest and the fourth to his waist when emergency personnel arrived.  The last man was freed from his confines 6 hours after the incident occurred.
MAY 2017 Unnamed noncoal mine, Tooele County, Utah — Trent Widdop, 27, of American Fork, fell into a mine shaft on his UTV (utility task vehicle) at about 2:00 a.m. while searching for firewood.  The UTV lodged in the shaft at a depth of about 15-20 feet, but Widdop fell off the vehicle.  He fell 15-20 feet to a ledge and then slid another 50 feet to the bottom of the shaft.  His family began searching for him when he did not return to camp and finally located the UTV around 5:00 a.m., when they called 911.  Crews from the Utah County Sheriff’s office, Tooele County Sheriff’s office, Unified Fire Authority, and Tooele County Search and Rescue responded.  Search and Rescue retrieved Widdop from the shaft and he was flown to the hospital with serious injuries.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 2016 Keystone No. 1 Abandoned Mine Rescue, Keystone, West Virginia — Three men were found and rescued in the abandoned Keystone No. 1 mine following a search lasting more than 12 hours.  The three men found, Justin Bolen, Brandon Collins and Steve Cordle, along with Dustin Bolen and Jimmie were arrested following an investigation into the copper thefts at the mine.  A fourth man lost in the mine, Clay Epperly, was never found.
JUL 2016 Abandoned Iron Mine, Iron Ridge, Wisconsin — Three teenage boys got lost in a labyrinthine abandoned iron mine in southeastern Wisconsin for hours, spending the night huddled together against the cold before rescuers found them alive and safe.  The three were Tate Rose and Zachary Heron, both 16, and 15-year-old Samuel Lein.
JAN 2016 Cargill Salt Elevator Incident, Lansing, New York — Rescue crews freed 17 miners in upstate New York after they spent a terrifying 10 hours down in one of the world's deepest salt mines.  The first four of the Cargill Salt miners emerged to the surface in a basket around 7 a.m.  The rest were rescued from the salt mine over the next two hours.
SEP 2015 Abandoned Mine Rescue, Adelanto, California — After a man became trapped in an abandoned mine near Adelanto, California, the call was for a vertical shaft mine rescue.  The subject was 40 feet down a shaft with a level adit that went on for 20 feet.  He had hand over handed down a poly rope to see inside the mine.  When his friends tied the rope to a quad and tried to pull him out, the rope broke.  He fell a distance back down the shaft, landing on a pile of discarded mattresses at the bottom of the mine.  Since vehicles could not access the shaft, equipment was hiked in and pickets were set up for anchors.  An EMT from the San Bernardino Sheriff’s Cave & Technical Rescue Team was lowered to bring the man to the surface.  The subject was unhurt, and after a nearly 8 hour entrapment, he was raised in a harness and declined further treatment.
JAN 2015 Keystone No. 1 Abandoned Mine Rescue, Keystone, West Virginia — In January 2015, a McDowell County man had to be rescued from the Keystone No. 1 mine after entering it to steal copper, officials said (see page 2).  The injured man and his partner became separated after entering the mine.  The partner made his way out, but the injured man did not.  According to a source with knowledge of the incident, the trespasser survived 20 hours in 12 percent oxygen in a rescue effort lasting 6-8 hours.
JUN 2013 Tracy Lynne Mine Roof Fall, Kittanning, Pennsylvania — Two miners were rescued after a coal mine collapse at the Tracy Lynne mine operated by Rosebud Mining of Kittanning.  The miners were brought to the surface just after 6 p.m. after a rescue effort that began about an hour earlier.  The two miners were being taken to a hospital, one of the men was to be treated for a possible knee injury.  The injuries were not believed to be life-threatening.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 2013 Castle Valley No. 4 Mine Cave-in, Huntington, Utah — Two miners were involved in a cave-in at a mine in Bear Canyon, about 10 miles west of Huntington, Utah.  After an undisclosed period, rescuers freed Dallen McFarlane from the cave-in and took that worker to Castleview Hospital in Price where he was treated and released.  The second miner, Elam Jones, was killed by the collapse.  The mine is part of the Castle Valley Mining Complex operated by Rhino Resource Partners. Source document PDF Format Investigation Report PDF Format
DEC 2011 Young Zinc Mine Fire, Knoxville, Tennessee — Three miners were rescued 2 hours after a fire broke out in the Young zinc mine about 25 miles from Knoxville.  54 miners were in the mine at the time the fire started on a drill rig.  Two miners were treated for smoke inhalation.  The 3 men were trapped by smoke and needed respirators to leave the mine.  They were transported to a hospital for further evaluation.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 2011 Jellico No. 1 Mine Inundation, Middlesboro, Kentucky — Three mine maintenance workers were set free after being trapped for 14 hours in the flooded Jellico No. 1 mine of the Bell County Coal Company, a subsidiary of the James River Coal Company.  The miners became trapped when a collapse near the mine entrance sent water from a swollen drainage ditch gushing into the mine.  None of the miners were injured.  The three miners were Pernell Witherspoon, Doug Warren, and Russell Asher.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 2010 Three Missouri miners were rescued from a DPOS after being trapped more than 5 hours in the No. 29 mine of the Doe Run Company near Viburnum on January 21, 2010.  Their escape was cut off when a 30-ton haul truck caught fire.  The trapped miners were: Robert McClain, truck driver; Michael Byers, loader operator; and Timothy Yount, scaler operator.  See moreExternal Link
AUG 2008 Abandoned Gold Mine Rescue, Sonora, California — Darvis Lee, Jr., 34, was rescued from an abandoned gold mine after tumbling more than 100 feet and spending two nights at the bottom of the dark shaft.  Lee fell down the shaft while exploring the mine.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 2007 Abandoned Mine Shaft Rescue, Chloride, Arizona — A 13-year-old girl who went missing while riding an all-terrain vehicle was found dead in a mine shaft while her 10-year-old companion was rescued with serious injuries.  She was transferred to the University Medical Center in Las Vegas.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 2006 One miner, Randal McCloy Jr., is found alive after 40 hours following the Sago Mine Explosion in West Virginia.  Twelve miners died in the accident.  This disaster prompted the creation of the Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response Act of 2006 (MINER Act).

See You on the Other Side by Les Freres
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MAY 2006 Darby No. 1 Mine Explosion, Holmes Mill, Kentucky — Paul Ledford, roof bolter, was rescued after more than 2 hours following the explosion.  Ledford had traveled approximately 1,050 feet in the No. 5 Entry where he collapsed and lost consciousness.  He regained consciousness at approximately 3:05 a.m. and crawled into the No. 6 Entry, where he was discovered by rescuers.  He was then taken out of the mine on a battery-powered personnel carrier and transported to Lonesome Pine Hospital in Big Stone Gap, Virginia, where he was treated.
MAY 2005 Rouchleau Mine Rescue, Virginia, Minnesota — Charles Grant and Joseph Kure, both 18, were rescued from the Rouchleau Mine late Thursday and early Friday when rescuers rappelled along the pit wall where the two were stranded.  The teens became trapped about 200 feet into the pit, after they apparently walked into it while exploring a trail.  A Virginia firefighter rappelled down to Kure, attached a "pickoff" harness strap to the teen, and lowered him to safety.  A rescue squad member then rappelled to Grant and lowered him.  Neither required medical treatment.  Rescue crews worked for about two hours atop a barren edge of the pit to establish a secure rescue location.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 2005 South State Dredge and Plant, Bridgeton, New Jersey — Elwood Durham, 66, was injured when a work boat he and another co-worker were on capsized.  A crane and the boat were being used in an attempt to retrieve a dredge anchor from the bottom of a dredge pond.  The crane and the boat were simultaneously hooked to the anchor line.  The crane operator's view of the boat was obstructed and there were no communications established between the crews.  Because there was too much slack in the cable connection to the crane, the crane backed away from the shore, capsizing the boat.  After an undisclosed period, two co-workers rescued the two employees from the cold water and administered cardiopulmonary resuscitation to revive Mr. Durham.  He was hospitalized and died on March 24, 2005.  The other miner was able to rescue himself.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 2003 Abandoned Mine Shaft Rescue, Santa Fe, New Mexico — Rescuers hoisted a 27-year-old Santa Fe man out of an old mineshaft, more than 20 hours after he fell while climbing into the shaft.  The man apparently injured his ankle during the fall but otherwise suffered only minor cuts and bruises.  He was taken to St. Vincent Hospital for a routine checkup.  The man's family looked on throughout the three-hour rescue operation.  Ten yards from the hole, an old cotton-braid rope was tied off to a small shrub.  The rope apparently broke after the man climbed into the shaft.  Officials weren’t sure how far he fell, but he was found at the bottom, about 115 feet down.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 2003 McElroy Mine Shaft Explosion, Cameron, West Virginia — Rescuers clambered into an oversized bucket attached to a crane and were lowered to two injured miners below.  They brought out Benjamin Bair and Richard Brumley.  They were transported to Pittsburgh's Mercy Hospital.  Bair was listed in critical condition with second-degree burns and multiple fractures.  Brumley was in serious condition with second-degree burns, puncture wounds and a concussion.  The five rescuers were honored with Carnegie Medals for heroism for saving injured workers after the explosion in a mine shaft.  They included Sheriff’s deputies, Brent Wharry and Steven Cook; Donald Kline, paramedic; and miners Aaron Meyer and Jack Cain.
AUG 2002 Walter L. Houser Strip Asphyxiation, Kittanning, Pennsylvania — At 7:15 a.m., Timothy E. Barrett, a 40-year-old auger machine operator became overcome from low oxygen after crawling in a 30-inch diameter auger hole at the Walter L Houser Strip mine.  Barrett crawled into the auger hole but did not return, nor did he respond when Darlene Orr, helper, called to him.  Orr crawled into the hole and found Barrett unconscious about 120 feet into the hole, but was unable to drag him out.  Joseph O'Donnell, MSHA inspector, donned a self contained breathing device, tied two ropes around himself and entered the hole.  Barrett was found unconscious due to the oxygen deficiency.  O'Donnell tried to drag Barrett, but could not.  He then tied a rope to Barrett and signaled to the rescue personnel to begin pulling.  Barrett was removed from the hole at approximately 9:15 a.m. was given emergency medical treatment.  Barrett was transported to Armstrong County Memorial Hospital where he unfortunately was pronounced dead at 9:44 a.m.  Source document External Link
JUL 2002 Following an inundation of water from an adjacent abandoned mine, nine miners were rescued after being trapped more than 3 days in the Quecreek Mine in Friedens, Pennsylvania.

Miracle at Quecreek Mine by Mountain John
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MAY 2002 Abandoned Mine Rescue, Kern County, California — While riding his dirt bike in a remote part of Kern County, California, a 10-year-old boy fell 200 feet into an abandoned mine shaft.  In a rescue which lasted several hours and was executed by the Indian Wells Valley Mine Rescue Team and the Kern County Fire Department, the boy and his rescuer, Sean Halpin, were raised to the surface.  The victim was transported to a nearby hospital, where he was kept 24 hours for observation and then released.
JUL 2000 Willow Creek Mine Explosions & Fire, Helper, Utah — More than 10 hours following the explosions in the Willow Creek Mine, four injured miners were laboriously brought to the surface by mine rescue teams.  The rescued men included William Burton, Tyson Hales, Cory Nielsen and Shane Stansfield.  Two other miners were found dead by rescue personnel.
APR 1998 Mine Shaft Rescue, Acton, California — A man was rescued after being trapped for nearly six hours on a ledge 150 feet down a mine shaft.  He was trapped after falling in the 800-foot vertical mine shaft prompting an effort by more than 60 rescuers.  He had fallen off a ladder, but details about what he had been doing were unavailable.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1998 Abandoned Mine - Dog Rescue, Avra Valley, Arizona — A male Chow Chow - hungry, thirsty and too weak to stand - was rescued from an abandoned mine shaft where firefighters said the dog may have been trapped up to a week.  Ten firefighters and rescue workers from Northwest Fire District worked for nearly 90 minutes to lift it safely from the 30-foot-deep pit in Avra Valley.  The Pima County Animal Control officer who took the dog to the county shelter, said it hadn't eaten in at least a week.  The dog was treated for dehydration, malnutrition, infections in both eyes, and minor injuries it received from the fall into the shaft.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1997 Lehigh Coal & Navigation Strip Mine Rescue, Coaldale, Pennsylvania — Heroic overnight efforts by about 70 people saved two Lansford teen-agers stuck in a 500-foot stripping pit for up to 11 hours Wednesday and Thursday.  John Urso, 18, and a 13-year-old boy escaped with minor injuries.  The two, along with Howard McLaughlin, 20, of Lansford and another boy apparently entered the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company property in Coaldale.  All four were walking around and climbing the walls of the Springdale mining pits.  Trouble started when Urso and the 13-year-old became stranded around 4:30 p.m.  The pit is about a quarter-mile wide and 500 feet deep and consists of a number of narrow, descending ledges spaced 50 to 60 feet apart.  McLaughlin and the unidentified boy climbed out of the pit, while Urso was stranded on a ledge about 200 feet from the top and 300 feet from the bottom.  The 13-year-old was 300 yards away, on a ledge 400 feet down.  "Urso was holding onto a tree so he wouldn't fall farther down."  Rescuers with spotlights stationed on one side of the wide pit illuminated the opposite side, where others worked their way down ledges to the 13-year-old and placed him in a basket.  He was raised to safety at 1:49 a.m.  The boy was treated for minor scrapes and ankle injuries at Miners Memorial Medical Center, Coaldale.  Urso refused medical treatment.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1996 Mine Shaft Rescue, Morris County, New Jersey — Four rock climbers who were reported missing for more than a day were rescued from a Rockaway Township mine shaft in New Jersey.  A police officer found their vehicle along the roadside near property owned by Mount Hope Rock Products.  A search party was sent onto the property, and a police officer heard cries for help coming from 100 feet below the opening to the mine shaft.  The men had climbed down over a protruding ledge, and could not climb back out.  Rescuers dropped ropes down the shaft, and the climbers were able to assist in their own rescue.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1995 Solvay Minerals Trona Mine Rescue, Green River, Wyoming — Two miners were rescued after becoming lost when a 5.4 magnitude earthquake hit the area.  The first miner was lifted to safety after a day and was in good condition at a hospital.  The second miner was rescued after nearly two days.  He suffered a heart attack as he was being lifted out of the mine and died hours later.  Source document 1 PDF Format  Source document 2 PDF Format
JUL 1993 Unnamed Mine Inundation, Wilkesville, Ohio — Daniel J. Beam and Charles Jody Neece helped to save eight men from drowning on July 11, 1993.  Eight miners were working in a distant area of an underground coal mine when millions of gallons of water from an adjoining, abandoned mine began to flood the corridors of the working mine.  The miners were alerted to the situation and ordered to evacuate.  They proceeded on foot toward the nearest elevator, unaware of the extent of the flooding ahead of them.  After a fire boss left, on foot, to get them to change their course, Beam, 46, mine supervisor, agreed to take a mine trolley more than three miles to the far end of the mine, where the miners and fire boss were expected.  When Beam reached that point, the men had not yet arrived, and he was unable to determine their location or the advance of the floodwater.  Rather than flee himself, Beam waited 50 minutes before the fire boss and miners appeared.  They boarded Beam's trolley and another one that was available and rode toward an elevator, picking up another fleeing miner on the way.  As the group proceeded, a power outage forced them to abandon the electrical conveyance, and they continued on foot.  When one of the men restored power to the trolleys, Beam turned, ran into the path of the advancing floodwater, and took a trolley to the others.  They resumed riding to the elevator, which they took to the surface of the mine shortly before floodwaters reached the bottom of the elevator shaft.  Both Mr. Beam and Mr. Neece were awarded the Carnegie Hero Award for their bravery.  Source document 1PDF Format  Source document 2PDF Format
DEC 1992 U. S. Gypsum Company Mine Cave-in, Ocotillo Wells, California — Leroy Witherspoon, 34, was rescued after being trapped for more than seven hours in the U. S. Gypsum Company Mine.  He had been operating a mine train that became engulfed in 200 tons of gypsum ore.  Conscious when rescued, Witherspoon suffered fractures in his left arm and right leg.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1991 70 miners were rescued after more than seven hours following a roof fall at the Consolidation Coal McElroy Mine near Moundsville, West Virginia.  The fall occurred when a mine car struck a roof support causing the collapse.  Rescuers lowered food and extra mine lamps to the trapped miners during their ordeal.  Source documentExternal Link
NOV 1990 Abandoned Mine Rescue, Cave Creek, Arizona — Michael Clark, 18, fell 60 feet into an abandoned mine shaft, breaking both legs and a hip, but survived.  It took rescuers nearly 10 hours to extract Michael Clark, 18, from the mine near Cave Creek after his fall.  Clark was camping with friends in the Tonto Hills area when they decided to explore a mine tunnel.  They had walked in about 300 yards when Clark fell through flooring.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1990 Abandoned Lorman Mine Rescue, Twentynine Palms, California — Jeff Smith, 29, was lifted from the mine after an undisclosed period by a rescue team from the San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Department.  The 240-pound Smith and two friends had lowered themselves by rope into the 85-foot deep Lorman Mine.  They were climbing out of the mine when a rock dislodged and broke Smith’s arm.  His friends lowered Smith to the floor of the mine.  They intended to use the ropes and their car to pull him out, but the car would not start.  One friend found some members of a ham radio operators’ group that notified authorities, who dispatched the rescue team.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1989 Joshua Dennis, a 10-year-old gone missing from a Boy Scout exploring trip, was rescued after nearly one week from the abandoned Hidden Treasure Mine near Stockton, Utah.  The boy was found by a Utah Power and Light Company mine rescue team, ranked among the best teams in the country.  Source document External Link
DEC 1987 Charles Simpson, Jr. was rescued 19 hours after a roof fall accident at the Slate Top Coal Company mine near Woodbine, Kentucky.  Source document External Link
OCT 1987 Rescuers worked for 58 hours to free "Baby Jessica" McClure from an eight-inch (20 cm) well casing 22 feet (6.7 m) below the ground.  The story gained worldwide attention (leading to some criticism as a media circus), and later became the subject of a 1989 television movie Everybody's Baby: The Rescue of Jessica McClure on ABC.  As presented in the movie, a vital part of the rescue was the use of the then relatively new technology of waterjet cutting.  See moreExternal Link
Five miners trapped for more than a day were hauled 800 feet to safety in a bucket about the size of a garbage can.  The became trapped when a cable suspending a 3-ton piece of machinery snapped, sending the equipment and debris plunging into the Diamond gold and silver mine at Leadville, Colorado.  The mine was owned by the Leadville Corporation.  Source document External Link
MAY 1987 Abandoned Mine Fall of Person, Pinos Altos, New Mexico — A 17-year-old was rescued about seven hours after he had fallen about 90 feet down a mine shaft west of Pinos Altos, New Mexico authorities said.  He was taken by helicopter to Gila Regional Medical Center, Silver City, where he was treated Thursday for a broken leg and cuts.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1987 Big Mountain Mine Cave-in, Prenter, West Virginia — Cecil Hager, 32, was rescued — 11½ hours — after he was trapped under 14 feet of rubble in a cave-in at the Big Mountain Mine at Prenter, West Virginia.  Rescue workers believed that Hager was working under the canopy of a continuous mining machine at the time of the cave-in and was protected from the falling rock.  Source document PDF Format
Abandoned Mine Accident, Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania — A state Game Commission worker was in stable condition this morning after being rescued from the bottom of a 60-foot shaft after an accident while on a bat-counting expedition.  James Kennedy of Uniontown, was one of about 10 people helping with an annual census of the endangered Indiana bat inside the cave and abandoned mine in Canoe Creek State Park.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1986 Lewis No. 2 Mine Roof Fall, Harlan County, Kentucky — One miner was killed and another miner was trapped for more than 2 hours by a roof fall in the No. 2 mine of the Paul and Robert Lewis Coal Company at Cumberland, Kentucky.  The trapped worker, Terry Rigney, was rescued unharmed.  The body of the other miner, Paul Lewis, was recovered after Rigney was freed.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1986 Ophir Canyon Mine Shaft Rescue, Ogden, Utah — An Ogden Scout leader, Steven F. Stanford, 65, was rescued from an Ophir Canyon mine shaft by Tooele County Search and Rescue volunteers.  Mr. Sanford had trouble with his equipment when hiking the mile route to the cave and the five boys accompanying him went ahead of him.  While searching for the boys, however, Mr. Stanford made a wrong turn and fell down a 70-foot incline, then dropped another 20 feet to the bottom of the cave.  The Scout leader had suffered a broken wrist, strained knee, and sprained ankle from the fall, Deputy Park said.  Rescuers hoisted him out from the cave and administered first aid.  After walking out of the cave, Mr. Stanford was placed on a stretcher and transported down the mountainside.  He was taken to the Tooele hospital.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1985 Following an avalanche at the remote Bessie "G" gold mine in Colorado’s San Juan Mountains, rescuers, including officers from the LaPlata County Sheriff’s Department worked for 24 hours to rescue Lester Jay Morlang.  His partner, Jack Ritter, died of suffocation when the men were buried around 6 p.m.  Source document 1External Link  Source document 2External Link
OCT 1985 Abandoned Maxfield Mine Rescue, Big Cottonwood Canyon, Utah — Two brothers missing for 2½ days were found in an abandoned mine where they had been lost in darkness since their flashlight went out.  Dennis Workman, 26, and his brother Scott Workman, 25, were found by teams led by a Sheriff’s deputy.  The use of dogs helped pinpoint them.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1985 Abandoned Lead Mine Rescue, Thida, Arkansas — Volunteers digging by hand rescued two young brothers, their teen-age cousin and a dog from an abandoned lead mine Monday, more than 24 hours after they had become trapped while searching for gold.  The trio — ages 9, 11 and 19 — were pulled out of a small pocket about 250 feet inside the Civil War-era mine.  They were cold and wet, but otherwise appeared uninjured.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1985 Trapped for 37 hours following a roof fall accident, Curtis Sanders, age 32, was rescued and walked out of the Powderhorn Coal Company's Roadside mine in DeBeque Canyon, Colorado.  Sanders had been hunched over and nearly waist-deep in water in the cab of a large mining machine during his period of entrapment.  He was taken to St. Mary's Hospital in Grand Junction, where nurses in the emergency room said he was in good condition.  Source document External Link
MAR 1984 Abandoned Tungsten Mine Fall of Person, Visalia, California — Joel Baca, 22, was listed in stable condition at Valley Medical Center in Fresno after he fell about 100 feet down an abandoned tungsten mine shaft.  Tulare County sheriff’s deputies said Baca and his brother were checking the mine shaft when Joel Baca fell into the opening.  His brother rushed to the nearby Chrisman Ranch to get help.  A sheriff’s rescue team lifted Joel Baca from the shaft and a California Highway Patrol helicopter transported him to VMC.  Deputies said he suffered facial and head injuries.  The mine was on the Chrisman Ranch in Drum Valley, 20 miles east of Orosi.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1984 Unnamed Mine Cave-in, Sidney, Kentucky — James G. Thornsbury rescued Frederick J. Pinson from a cave-in, Sidney, Kentucky, January 23, 1984. Pinson, 31, was seated in the operator's cab of a mining machine when a large section of the ceiling of the mine in which he was working collapsed atop the machine, trapping him.  Thornsbury, 25, miner, who had been working nearby, fled the area of the fall.  Hearing Pinson's cries for help, Thornsbury returned to the edge of the collapsed ceiling, under which there was a narrow space.  Despite additionally falling rock, Thornsbury crawled into the space and proceeded to clear a path to Pinson.  Upon reaching Pinson, Thornsbury assisted him from the cab, then crawled with him from beneath the fallen ceiling.  Pinson suffered bruised ribs but fully recovered.  Mr. Thornsbury was bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for his bravery.  Source document External Link
JUN 1983 McClure No. 1 Mine Explosion, McClure, Virginia — Three miners at the faces survived and were rescued shortly after the explosion.  Ronald Sluss, Albert Holbrook, and Carson Blackstone were returned to the surface suffering from burns and were taken to hospitals.
MAY 1982 Magma Mine Cave-in, Superior, Arizona — Three miners died between 5:30 and 6 p.m., on May 10, 1982 in three separate incidents that involved a cave-in and fall-of-ground in the Magma Copper Mine in Superior, Arizona.  During a daring rescue and recovery which lasted through May 12th, one of the victims was recovered from the dangerous area, however, he died shortly thereafter from his injuries.  Joseph Granillo was also entrapped in the same manner, and while his rescue was being attempted, both he and his would-be rescuer, Joseph Cassaro, were killed when additional material fell.  For their brave efforts, the Carnegie Hero Award was bestowed upon Frank Aldecoa, Andy J. Arroyos, Jr., Billy Ray Evans, Henry Lopez Rodriguez, George Anthony Gomez, G. Michael Martinez (posthumously), and Joseph Cassaro (posthumously).  Source document External Link
DEC 1981 Stillhouse Run No. 1 Mine Roof Fall, Bergoo, West Virginia — On December 3, 1981, a roof fall occurred in the Stillhouse Run No. 1 Mine of the Elk River Sewell Coal Company that resulted in the deaths of Robert Bennett, Doyle Gillis, and Donald Arbogast.  Rescuers found Donzil Cutlip, 27, pinned under the block about seven hours after the fall, but it took six more hours to free him (13 hours total).  He was in serious condition after surgery to repair deep gashes in both arms.  Larry Clevenger, 18, and Carl Hull, 24, were rescued earlier and were unhurt.  Clevenger said the seven hours before rescuers found him was "the worst thing that ever happened to me."  Source document PDF Format
APR 1981 Dutch Creek No. 1 Mine Explosion, Redstone, Colorado — Seven miners working in other areas of the mine at the time of the explosion survived.  Three were injured and were rescued; the other four were not injured and escaped unassisted to the surface.  The injured miners were admitted to Valley View Hospital in Glenwood Springs for treatment of burns, bruises and shock.  Source documentExternal Link
OCT 1980 Two men, David Aubuchon and Guy Hayton, and the car they were driving were rescued after spending 4 days at the bottom of a vertical shaft of the University of Arizona experimental mine near Tucson.  They had crashed their car through a barbed-wire fence protecting the shaft entrance.  Following their rescue, the men were questioned by Pima County Sherriff’s detectives about the burglary of $700 worth of tools from the mine.  Apparently no charges were filed.  Source document External Link
APR 1980 Clyde Waddell was rescued 13 hours after a roof fall at the Florence Mine near Huff, Pennsylvania.  The mine was owned by the Florence Mining Company.  Source document External Link
JUN 1979 Belle Isle Salt Mine Explosion, Franklin, Louisiana — An outburst of flammable gases and salt occurred following a face blast and a gas explosion approximately 10 minutes later.  At the time of the explosion, 22 persons were in the mine.  Seventeen persons were rescued and five persons died as a result of the explosion.
MAR 1979 Trapped for 6½ hours by a rockslide at the Upper Taggert Coal Mine at Oven Fork, Kentucky, Larkin Napier was rescued.  Two other miners, Grant Sturgill and Ernest Stetzer, were crushed by the falling rock.  Source document External Link
APR 1978 Clinchfield Coal Company, Moss No. 3 Portal A InundationWilliam Joe Arden External Link, and Willis Ison External Link, and Richard L. Shelby External Link died attempting to save fellow workmen from suffocation, April 4, 1978.  Strickler Mullins External Link helped to save Charles L. Breeding in the same incident.

Arden, 25, Shelby, 56, Service Manager from National Mine Service, and Ison, 45, Mine Safety and Health Administration subdistrict manager, entered the tunnel to give aid but, before reaching any of the men, were overcome.

One of the three men was removed from the tunnel and revived; but Arden and the others died.  Messer's Arden, Shelby, Ison and Mullins were posthumously awarded the Carnegie Hero Award for their bravery.
OCT 1977 Segco No. 1 Mine Roof Fall, Parrish, Alabama — Kenneth W. Ely rescued Ollis A. Bryant from a cave-in, Parrish, Alabama, October 11, 1977.  When a cave-in occurred in a coal mine, Bryant, 46, was pinned beneath a huge slab of shale and sandstone that was propped up slightly at one side by reason of its resting on a low machine.  Ely, 29, federal coal mine inspector, wriggled under the slab and, by moving debris and digging into the clay floor, created a crawl space to the machine, alongside which Bryant was trapped.  After freeing Bryant from the debris around him, Ely drew him into the crawl space.  Workers pulled Ely by the feet as he in turn pulled on Bryant.  In that manner both men were drawn from beneath the slab.  Source document External Link
SEP 1977 Abandoned Mine Fall of Person, Prosperity, Missouri — A rural Joplin youth emerged with only minor bruises after a 60-foot tumble down an abandoned mine shaft.  Kevin Rumble, 15, spent about an hour trapped in the water-filled old shaft before rescue workers retrieved him by rope.  Rumble and another youth were exploring the area around the shaft, when Rumble slipped and plummeted into water about 60 feet from the top of the 140-foot shaft.  Clinging to some old boards, he managed to keep himself above water while his friend flagged down a passerby in a dune buggy.  The motorist tossed a rope down to Rumble, then attached the other end to his vehicle until rescue workers arrived.  A Jasper County Deputy Sheriff was lowered by rope into the shaft to retrieve the youth, who was then taken to a Joplin Hospital for examination.  Preliminary reports showed a possible broken rib, but no other serious injuries.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1977 Jefferson Mine Rescue, Cottonwood Heights, Utah — A 17-year-old Salt Lake City youth was rescued unhurt from the Jefferson mine about 8 p.m. Monday but not until he spent four frightening hours perched on a narrow ledge.  The youth was one of five to walk into the mine through a tunnel.  They found the four-foot diameter shaft rising to the surface on the mountain above.  The youth climbed up the shaft to tie a rope to a beam.  When he climbed to the break, he found that it wasn’t safe.  That was about 4 p.m.  The rest of the party tried to rescue him, but couldn’t.  They called the sheriff from nearby homes.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1977 Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Plum, Pennsylvania — Joseph R. Sabot rescued Steven T. Tady following a rock fall, Plum, Pennsylvania, June 15, 1977. In an underground coal mine, a fall of slab rock covered a mining machine and trapped Tady, 27, in the operators compartment. Sabot, 46, mine mechanic, crawled into a crevice in the rocks 10 feet from Tady and began digging a tunnel toward him. As he removed the rocks, Sabot placed shoring in the tunnel, which was about two feet wide and high. After extending the tunnel to the machine, Sabot backed out. Tady, who was uninjured, then crawled from under the rock fall by way of the tunnel. Joseph R. Sabot was bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for his brave efforts.  Source document External Link
MAR 1977 Ronald Adley survived after being trapped for nearly 6 days following an inundation of water at the Porter Tunnel Mine owned by the Kocher Coal Company in Tower City, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania.  Nine miners were killed in the accident.
FEB 1977 Dry Lake No. 4 Mine Cave-in, Cranks Creek, Kentucky — Robert Jones, 28, was rescued after his 8-hour entrapment in the No. 4 mine of the Dry Lake Coal Company.  Another miner was injured, hospitalized and listed in fair condition.  According to reports, Jones received a concussion, but was otherwise in good condition.  Source document PDF Format
Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Apollo, Pennsylvania — John R. Bazella helped to rescue Donald J. McCully from a cave-in, Penn Hills, Pennsylvania, February 8, 1977.  When a cave-in occurred in a coal mine, McCully, 46, was completely buried alongside a mining machine but was able to breathe because the shale and sandstone rock that had fallen was partially supported by collapsed wooden beams.  Bazella, 31, coal mine mechanic, and other workmen gathered to assist in the rescue of McCully.  After another machine had removed enough rocks to uncover the end of the collapsed boom of the mining machine, a tunnel was dug by hand alongside the boom.  It was necessary to cut through a fallen beam along the way as, with the men crawling in and out, the careful removal of rocks finally extended the tunnel to McCully.  Rocks were removed from around him.  As a result of the efforts of Bazella and the other men, McCully then was pulled from under the rock fall via the tunnel.  For their bravery, Mr. Bazella, Clayton R. Wall, Vincent J. Shilobod, Thomas V. Damico, and Lawrence P. Rankin were given the Carnegie Hero Award.  Source document External Link
DEC 1976 Trixie Mine Cave-in, Eureka, Utah — Two men were rescued from a collapsed Trixie Mine tunnel owned by the Kennecott Copper Corporation on New Year’s Eve after one was buried up to his neck in sand for several hours.  It took a 22-man crew about 45 minutes to rescue Daryl Lance, 52, and Robert Kalletta, 28, from the 900-foot level of the 1,100-foot-deep lead and silver mine.  The cave-in occurred at about noon but wasn’t discovered until 3 p.m. when the men were to get off work.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1975 Wabash Mine Powered Haulage Rescue, Keensburg, Illinois — A mechanical failure which caused an AMAX Coal mine employee to be trapped for five hours 100 feet below the surface of an 800-foot elevator shaft at the Wabash mine at Keensburg, Illinois may have sparked a series of events which includes vandalism of AMAX employees' vehicles and caused two consecutive shifts of workers to leave their jobs.  John Davis, an electrical supervisor, was descending into the elevator shaft aboard a lowering hoist car when a five and one-half-inch reflective drive shaft broke.  Davis, the only passenger, was able to contact safety personnel who, with the assistance of the Frontier Kemper Construction Company, managed to remove Davis, unharmed, from the stopped hoist.  Davis was brought to the surface by means of a lowered bucket device.  Before Davis was rescued, employees reporting for the second shift at 4 p.m. refused to enter the mine until Davis was removed from the hoist car.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1975 Robena Mine Roof Fall, Carmichaels, Pennsylvania — A Fairbank man was rescued after being trapped when a mine car derailment triggered a roof fall at the Robena Mine’s Colvin Shaft.  Billy Grant, a main line brakeman was safely removed from the mine and transported to the West Virginia University Hospital in Morgantown where he was undergoing examination and treatment.  A company spokesman said a main-line empty trip derailed causing the fall.  Mine employees installed temporary roof supports and removed Mr. Grant from the area after an undisclosed period.  A physician at the scene underground reported Grant in good condition. Source document PDF Format
JAN 1975 Abandoned Mine Fall of Person, Calveritas, California — William Kerr, 31, escaped injury in a 35-foot fall down in a mine shaft.  Kerr, his mother, and their family dog were walking in a field near their home when the dog fell down the 75-foot-deep shaft.  Kerr got a rope and began lowering himself down the shaft to retrieve the small dog.  The rope broke when Kerr reached the half-way mark and he fell to the bottom of the shaft.  Mrs. Kerr ran to a nearby telephone and called sheriff's deputies for help.  Officers pulled out both Kerr and the dog with the aid of safety harnesses and lines.  Kerr suffered only minor cuts and abrasions and the dog had no apparent, injuries, officers said.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1974 Mars Hill Bauxite Mine Inundation, Bauxite, Arkansas — Sidney Hale, 57, was the lone survivor after being trapped for 13 hours in sandy water up to his chest in the Mars Hill Bauxite mine of the Reynolds Mining Company.  Hale and another miner, James Grooms, were caught in what miners call a "sand run."  Grooms did not survive the ordeal.  Hale said he almost froze to death in the chilly slush, saying he kept moving his arms to maintain body heat.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1974 Trona Mine Shaft Cave-in, Green River, Wyoming — Joe Beaucamp, 28, was rescued after being trapped for 23½ hours in a new trona mine shaft being dug at the Allied Chemical Company plant west or Green River, Wyoming.  He was trapped Tuesday evening when he fell 80 feet from a scaffold during a cave-in, 1500 feet underground.  Beaucamp, whose leg was pinned by a large piece of timber, almost was freed 10 hours after he was trapped, but another cave-in covered him again up to his nostrils.  Doctors said Beaucamp suffered from exposure and was dehydrated, but otherwise was in good condition.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1973 Abandoned Mine Fall of Person, Fallon, Nevada — A California teenager was in the Washoe Medical Center after being rescued from an abandoned mine shaft.  Doug Gard, 18, of Lafayette, suffered serious back, neck and shoulder injuries when he fell almost 50 feet down a mine shaft that he and three friends were exploring.  Gard and his three companions were exploring the mine with Gard in the lead when he fell.  Their only light, a flashlight, was carried by the third man back in the group.  When the rocks and dirt stopped falling, the three could hear Gard moaning.  They climbed down an old wooden ladder to find Gard some 50 feet below.  He was conscious and said he was numb from the neck down.  After rescuers arrived, it took almost an hour to lift Gard out of the shaft to a waiting helicopter.  The helicopter took him to the Washoe Medical Center in Reno where he underwent emergency treatment.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1973 Ranger Fuel Company, Bolt, West Virginia — Five miners were rescued after 4 hours from the flooded Ranger Fuel Company mine at Bolt, WV.  The rescued miners were identified as Dennie Pauley, Otis Best, James Widensall, James Griffith Sr., and Jerry I. Lucas.  Four others had managed to escape.  Source document  External Link
DEC 1972 Itmann Coal Company, Itmann No. 3 Mine Explosion — Three miners were brought out by rescue crews about six hours after the explosion.  They were identified as Larry Bailey, 23, of Brenton; Dallas Mullins, 32, of Pineville; and Jerry Billings.  All three were said to be in critical condition.
JUN 1972 Abandoned Mine Rescue, Garden Valley, California — Lowell T. Simpson, 17, was rescued from an abandoned mine shaft after spending seven hours 50 feet below the ground-level opening.  Sheriff's Deputies said Simpson and two other youths were exploring the old mine shaft by use of a rope when Simpson could no longer hold on and slipped down the rope.  He suffered severe rope bums on his hands.  A Sheriff's spokesman noted that Simpson was fortunate he did not fall farther down the shaft than he did.  He explained that a pile of dirt from a previous mine cave-in broke Simpson's fall, preventing the youth from continuing down the shaft.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1972 Two men, Tom Wilkinson and Ronald Flory, were rescued and found to be in good condition after being trapped for 8 days following the Sunshine silver mine fire in Kellogg, Shoshone County, Idaho.  91 miners were killed in the disaster.  The four men responsible for the rescue were Wayne D. Kanack, Frank J. Delimba, and Don Morris from the U. S. Bureau of Mines, and Sonny Becker, a Sunshine miner.  Source document External Link

Tragedy at Sunshine Mine by Frank Starr
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NOV 1971 Grays Knob Coal Mine Cave-in, Harlan, Kentucky — Jessie Cornett was rescued after spending — 9 hours — trapped from a roof fall in the Grays Knob Coal Company mine near Harlan, Kentucky.  The 25-year-old miner was operating a coal cutting machine when he spotted the rock begin to fall.  He managed to duck under the steel cage of the machine for protection.  Four hours passed until he heard his name shouted by the rescuers.  Before that, his co-workers thought he was dead.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1971 As a result of a roof fall, two miners were injured and rescued from the clogged section of an underground tunnel which is 700 feet deep and a mile and a half back in the Eastern Associated Coal Company's Federal No. 2 Mine.  Also injured and recovered from the mine were Robert Lee Strakal, 24, of Cassville, and Steven Shuman, 29, of Fairmont.  Shuman died the next day from his injuries.
DEC 1970 Loren Hinkle was rescued after his 24-hour entombment following a roof fall in the Leckie Coal Company mine near Anjean, West Virginia.  Rescuers delivered water and orange juice through a two-inch emergency air vent while they dug him out.  Killed in the accident were R. B. Crookshanks and Charles Pitzenbarger.  Ironically, Hinkle previously escaped death in a mine fire and another roof collapse.  Source document External Link
NOV 1970 Hasting Mine Fall of Person, Deemstown, Pennsylvania — Harry T. King, 25, was seriously injured when he fell about 300 feet after slipping from a cable in a shaft of the Hasting Mine at Deemstown, Pennsylvania.  King was rescued four hours after he fell.  Firemen had to enter the bottom shaft through the mine and plodded a mile and a half to reach King.  The mine is owned by Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation.  Harry Dale King, 21, cousin of the injured man, also had been sliding down a cable but saved himself by stepping onto a beam about 350 feet from the bottom of the shaft.  Companions were outside the mine and called police when the Kings failed to return.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1970 Richard Owens was rescued 10 hours after being trapped in mud and rock up to his neck in the Ranchers Exploration and Development Corporation’s Tungsten Mine.  The mine is located in Vance County in north-central North Carolina, near the Virginia border.  Source document External Link
JUN 1970 Amateur miner, Clifford J. Cox, was pulled out of the abandoned Hazard Gold Mine near Foresthill, California when he was found laying unconscious after 11 hours in the mine.  Would-be rescuer, Lester Benbow, a school teacher, died from a lack of oxygen in the incident.   Source document External Link
MAR 1969 William "Buck" Jones was rescued 8 days following a cave-in at the Deep Lark lead, zinc and silver mine near Lark, Utah.  The elderly miner was tired but able to laugh following his ordeal.  He was greeted on the surface by his wife and 11 children.  Source document External Link
JAN 1969 Twelve miners were rescued after being trapped more than six hours after a fire at the Christopher Coal Company, Humphrey No. 7 mine near Mount Morris, Pennsylvania.  Eleven of the miners were walked out by rescuers, one man was removed by stretcher.  Source document External Link
NOV 1968 Eight miners were rescued five hours after explosions ripped through the No. 9 mine in Mannington, West Virginia owned by the Consolidation Coal Company.  13 other miners managed to exit the mine shortly after the 1st of at least 3 explosions tore through the mine.  This disaster, which killed 78 miners, triggered Congress to pass the Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969.  See videoExternal Link

Among the 21 miners rescued from the Mountaineer Coal Co. (Consol) No. 9 mine was Matt Menas, Jr., whose father died in a similar disaster in the same mine 14 years earlier.  The explosion on Nov. 13, 1954, killed 16 men.  The mine at that time was owned by the Jamison Coal Co., and was called Jamison No. 9.  See VideoExternal Link  Source document External Link

Here is a list of the other miners rescued, all of whom are from the area around Mannington, Fairmont and Farmington: Byron Jones; Nathaniel Stephens, 48; Charles Biafore; Nick Rose, 23; Roy Wilson; James Herron; Paul Sabo; Walter Slavikosky; Henry Conway; Nezer Vandergrift, 48; Ralph Starkey, 41; Lewis Lake, 55; George Wilson, 54; Alva Davis, 29; Raymond Parker; Robert Bland; Robert Mullen; Gary Martin; Charles Crumm; and Brad Hillberry.

About the Farmington Disaster
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SEP 1968 Somerset Mine Roof Fall, Somerset, Colorado — John W. Southerland was rescued after an undisclosed period following a roof fall in the United States Steel Corporation’s Somerset Mine.  Southerland said he was trapped among the rocks for about 45 minutes before two fellow workers, Chuck Woodburn and Jim Pavisik, dug him out.  Four others were killed in the accident.
AUG 1968 Buried up to his waist in debris, Ervin Roark was rescued following a roof fall accident in the Amherst Coal Company’s No. 1 mine at Lundale, West Virginia.  Three other miners, Charlie Lowe, Enoc Tudor, and Emmett Copley, were recovered dead after 8 hours.   Source document External Link
MAY 1968 Inundation of water at the Saxsewell No. 8 Mine in Hominy Falls, WV.  Fifteen men were rescued 5 days later and six others were rescued 10 days after the inundation occurred.  Source document External Link
APR 1968 Two Carlsbad, New Mexico miners trapped over 34 hours were rescued by workers using their bare hands and chisels.  They became trapped when a 50-foot potash slab collapsed in the Southwest Potash Company mine.  The two miners rescued were Fred Crabtree and Arnold Delso.  Source document External Link
DEC 1967 Abandoned Clay Mine Rescue, Wellsville, Ohio — After becoming lost in the abandoned clay mine for 30 hours, Mike Sanfrey, age 19, and Harry Reibold, age 18 were located and rescued by Columbiana County Sheriff’s deputies.  The youths were found more than a mile from the mouth of the mine.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1967 Two miners, Virgil Williamson and Harry Silman, became trapped after a roof fall in the Shannopin Mine of the Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation.  Williamson was found dead early on January 24 and Silman was rescued after 2 hours.  Taken to the hospital, he was listed in fair condition, suffering from shock and bruises.  Source document External Link
OCT 1966 Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Clarksburg, West Virginia — On October 25, 1966, when a cave-in occurred in a coal mine, G. Edward Longwell took refuge under the steel boom of a digging machine in a three-foot space between the machine and a shuttle car.  A second cave-in piled coal and shale as much as 50 feet deep over a wide area.  Longwell was surrounded by debris but was not injured.  In about 24 hours digging machines had removed the debris to the shuttle car within 22 feet of Longwell.  With the debris creaking overhead, and after 5 more hours, Longwell was removed.  For their bravery in the rescue of Longwell, Baxter Ellison, John Ashcraft, and Gayle Davis were given the Carnegie Hero Award.  Source document External Link
JUL 1966 Siltix Mine Explosion, Mount Hope, West Virginia — Eleven men in the 6 left section heard the explosion, but they were unaware of what actually happened, and they erected a barricade in the return entries about 250 feet from the entrance to the 6 left section when they encountered smoke and fumes in the return entries.  The men remained behind the barricade until they were rescued about 2 hours later.  After leaving the barricade, seven of these men assisted in recovery operations in the 2 left mains section; two of these seven employees and three additional men were overcome by smoke and fumes and were removed from the mine.
Glen Nan Mine Fire, Nanticoke, Pennsylvania — Fire in an air shaft trapped 150 miners for more than an hour in a Glen Nan Coal Company mine.  All were rescued. Stanley Ftorkowskl, Nanticoke fire chief, said at least 10 miners were taken unconscious to Nanticoke State hospital suffering from smoke inhalation.  A spokesman at the mine said 160 men were working in the mine when the fire broke out.  Ambulances from all nearby hospitals were dispatched to the scene.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1965 Wildcat Cave Entrapment, Hinckley, Ohio — A fifteen-year-old boy was rescued after being trapped for 24 hours.  He was wedged in a crevice 10 inches wide and three feet high and was found tilted downward at a 45° angle.  Consultation and assistance was provided by employees of the Ohio Division of Mines.  Source document External Link
Mars No. 2 Mine Fire, Wilsonburg, West Virginia — Workers inched their way deep inside the fire-ravaged Mars No. 2 mine tunnels for nearly 20 hours before coming upon Charles Lantz, 26, of Buckhannon.  He was brought out alive but died of his injuries en route to a hospital.
AUG 1965 Bethlehem Mine No. 32 Roof Fall, Revloc, Pennsylvania — William Ferguson, 64, was rescued unharmed 12 hours after he was trapped in a roof fall in the No. 32 mine of Bethlehem Mines Corporation at Revloc.  Ferguson was operating the continuous miner.  Two other miners working nearby were uninjured.  Source document PDF Format
Unnamed Mine Cave-in, Chillicothe, Ohio — Ernest L. Bradley, 36, heavy equipment operator, sustained fatal injuries helping to rescue Jack W. Berryman, 45, heavy equipment operator, from a cave-in, Chillicothe, Ohio, August 6, 1965.  Bradley immediately entered the ditch and, kneeling in front of Berryman, began digging the earth away with his hands.  As Bradley continued digging, another man entered the ditch.  A man outside the ditch shouted a warning.  A section of earth weighing about six tons caved in from the side nearest Bradley.  The other man jumped back, and only one of his legs was trapped.  Bradley managed to place his arms about his head before the falling earth knocked him face down and covered him completely.  Workmen extricated Bradley and Berryman, both of whom had suffered fractures.  Berryman recovered, but Bradley, who also had suffered internal injuries, died.  Mr. Bradley was given the Carnegie Hero Award for his bravery (posthumously).  Source document External Link
JAN 1965 And then there was this chain of events that produced one of the more unusual rescues seen here.  Would-be rescuer Johnny Miller became lost for 9½ hours in a Dewar, Oklahoma abandoned while searching for Jackie Madewell, age 23.  Madewell was a Tulsa County prisoner being held on a bad check charge.  He apparently convinced a Tulsa police detective to allow him to enter the abandoned mine in search of stolen loot taken in nearby burglaries.  When Madewell failed to return to the surface, Johnny Miller, a retired miner, went into the mine to locate Madewell, but he got lost instead.  The story ended well when additional rescuers located Miller and Madewell came out of the mine on his own with his light turned off. There was no news of discovering the stolen loot.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1964 Unnamed Anthracite Coal Mine Cave-in, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — William Paul Holena and an unnamed mine inspector helped to rescue Peter A. Byczkowski from a cave-in, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, December 21, 1964.  When a cave-in occurred in a coal mine, Byczkowski, 54, was pinned face down under eight feet of coal and debris.  After another cave-in, the mine was cleared of all rescue workers, who by then had dug a tunnel six feet into the debris to find that Byczkowski was alive.  Although further slides were anticipated, Holena, 36, coal miner, and a mine inspector made their way to the debris pile where Byczkowski lay partially in the tunnel, trapped by his legs.  The inspector crawled into the tunnel, which was so small that he had to lie on top of Byczkowski.  Working as rapidly as possible, the inspector removed coal from atop Byczkowski's legs and passed it back to Holena.  Additional coal fell as the inspector worked, but he soon uncovered Byczkowski's legs.  While the inspector rested outside the tunnel, Holena made repeated trips to obtain rescue tools.  A mine foreman joined them.  He and the inspector took turns working to free Byczkowski’s feet; when either was in the tunnel, all of his body except his feet was beneath the debris.  The foreman cut Byczkowski’s boots and freed one foot, the other remaining pinned by a heavy timber against the metal conveyor on the floor of the mine.  The inspector positioned a jack to move the timber, but it broke on use, and the foreman likewise broke a second jack.  They and Holena then worked to bend the conveyor, after which the inspector pulled Byczkowski’s foot free, and he was removed from the debris then carried to safety.  He recovered.  The rescue had taken 2½ hours.  Several hours later another cave-in occurred in the area, and it required six days to uncover the body of a man who had been buried with Byczkowski.  Both men were bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for their bravery.  Source document External Link
OCT 1964 Grays Creek No. 11 Mine Fire, Whitwell, Tennessee — Six miners were rescued after an undisclosed period after being trapped by a fire burning in the Grays Creek No. 11 mine operated by the Grundy Mining Company.  According to the news report, the miners were brought out "safe and sound."  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1964 Stanley Johnson was rescued after his 27-hour entrapment following a cave-in at a MacKay, Utah lead and copper mine owned by Empire Copper Mines.  Johnson suffered only a bad cold following his ordeal.  He was rescued by workmen who found an unused and uncharted back entrance to the mine.  The rescue operations had nearly been halted by frozen ground and cold temperatures just before the old tunnel was found.  The rear entrance led workers to within six feet of the cubicle where Johnson was trapped.  There were no others killed or injured in the accident.  Source document External Link
DEC 1963 Abandoned Peerless Mine Fall of Person, Silver City, New Mexico — A young Austin, Texas girl plunged down an abandoned mine shaft in southwestern New Mexico and suffered serious injuries.  Rescuers had to lower a litter basket on a fire hose to pull Lucy Marian Watson, 10, from the 75-foot-deep shaft.  The girl was taken to the Silver City Hospital with a broken leg, a broken arm and internal injuries, and in deep shock.  State Patrolman Gene Tow said the Watson family was driving through the area on a Christmas vacation trip.  They became attracted by the tailings dump and remains of the old Peerless mine shaft beside the road at Central in the Grant County copper mining district.  Lucy, described as a rockhound, went to search the ruins for mineral specimens and plunged down the open shaft.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1963 Cane Creek Mine Explosion — Seven men erected a barricade in 3U drift.  Two of these men left the barricade and traveled to the shaft station where they were met by a rescue crew and brought to the surface 19 hours after the explosion.  The other five men remained behind the barricade and were rescued 50 hours after the explosion.
David Fellin and Henry Throne were trapped for 14 days in the Sheppton Mine in the Pennsylvania anthracite coal region following a cave-in.  In the early hours of Tuesday, Aug. 27, 1963, first Throne, then Fellin were pulled from a depth of 330 feet to the surface wearing parachute harnesses and football helmets.  A third miner in the mine at the time, Lou Bova, was never recovered.  Vintage VideoExternal Link


Sheppton Mine Disaster by Ronnie Sando
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Abandoned Mine Fall of Person, Webb City, Missouri — Mrs. Margaret Hayes, 29, fell 90 feet down an abandoned mine shaft and landed in deep water, then clung to the timbered sides of the shaft more than an hour until rescued.  Suffering only from bruises, hospital attendants said she was in good condition.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1963 On July 12, 1963, in a miracle survival that confounded experts, three teenage boys were found alive after spending 2 days in an abandoned, gas-ridden mine.  The youngsters were found nearly a half-mile from the mouth of No. 2 shaft of Castle Shannon Coal Company which had not been used for more than 25 years.  Their rescuers were U. S. Bureau of Mines Inspectors Everett Turner, James Hutchens and Jennings Breedon.  The boys, Danny O'Kain, Billy Burke and Bobby Abbott were taken to St. Clair Hospital where they were treated for exposure and dehydration.  See Vintage VideoExternal Link  Source document External Link
APR 1963 Old Sparks Well Entrapment, Rupert, Idaho — Two amateur gold prospectors were rescued from a 600-foot deep dry well 12 hours after they became trapped.  Floyd Gambrell and Darnell Hamilton were imprisoned when a bucket being lowered to lift them to the surface broke loose, dropped halfway down the shaft and became wedged in the narrow hole.  With their communications severed and their exit block, their companions on the surface summoned help to free the men.  This shaft, known as the "Old Sparks Well" claimed the life of another prospector 25 years earlier when a bucket of tools fell on him in a similar incident.  Source document PDF Format
Box Mine Cave-in, Hamilton, Alabama — Rescuers removed two brothers from a coal mine where they had been trapped for three days deep in a cave-in.  Bobby Gene Johnson, 23, and Lewis Ray Johnson, 20, were unharmed by their ordeal.  They were taken to a Winfield hospital for rest and observation.  Officials said rescuers bypassed a rock and tunneled through coal to reach the trapped men.  A rock slide pinned the brothers more than 2,000 feet in the Box mine.  Officials said the men were removing rock deep inside the mine when the cave-in trapped them.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1963 Abandoned Coal Mine Rescue, New Bethlehem, Pennsylvania — Harry Noerr of Middle Run was rescued by New Bethlehem firemen after being trapped for four hours in a cave-in at an abandoned strip mine.  Mr. Noerr, 39, had entered a hole in the highwall at the mine to dig out coal.  He had traveled approximately 20 feet when the cave-in occurred.  When the walls caved in, Mr. Noerr fell another 15 feet and was trapped in the hole.  Accompanying Mr. Noerr were two unidentified youths, who attempted to rescue him with a rope.  When the rope broke, the youths went to the home of a neighbor, who contacted the New Bethlehem Fire Department.  Thirty-four men and two trucks responded to the call.  Two firemen were lowered into the cave with a light and a rope.  They fastened a rope around Mr. Noerr and firemen pulled him up.  After the rescue, Mr. Noerr was able to walk around.  Firemen said he seemed to be in a state of shock but refused medical treatment.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1963 Abandoned Mine Animal Rescue, Sonora, California — A 12-year-old gray mare, trapped in an abandoned mine for — two weeks — was rescued, shaken but apparently unharmed.  Lottie Pedro said the mare, Rena, vanished January 15.  Ranch hands searched every day.  She was found Tuesday, the 29th, in the 20-foot mine shaft.  Wednesday, in a drenching rain storm, the mare was given a tranquilizer shot and hauled out with block and tackle.  The thin old horse lay down for a few minutes, then got up and trotted to the barn.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1962 After falling 200 feet down the abandoned Idaho Bride gold mine near Idaho Springs, Colorado and spending 14 hours in the mirky depths, Airman Chester West was rescued.  It took rescuers, led by District Mine Inspector, Norman Blake, three hours to lead West out of the winding tunnels.  Source document External Link
SEP 1962 Williamson Coal Mine Fall of Person, Valley View, Pennsylvania — William Klinger, 36, was listed in guarded condition in Geisinger Medical Center where he was admitted with a fractured skull, leg, ribs and possible internal injuries.  Klinger suffered the injuries in a 40-foot fall down a mine shaft at the Williamson Coal Company in Valley View, Pennsylvania.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1962 Abandoned Quicksilver Mine Rescue, San Jose, California — After hours of walking around lost in the abandoned quicksilver mine, five children were located by rescuers including Sheriff’s deputies and a 17-year-old neighbor.  The lost teens included Eileen Patrino, 17; Robin Patrino, 9; Wayne Patrino, 4; Jim Butters, 17; and Mike Atchison, 17.  The children became lost when their light failed.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1962 An 8-year-old boy was responsible for saving two miners caught in a cave-in at the Bull Gulch lead and zinc mine near Jefferson City, Montana.  Robert Steinbacher and Henry Madison, who were both in considerable pain, were safely removed from the mine by rescuers after their brief entrapment.  Source document External Link
DEC 1961 Abandoned Mine Animal Rescue, Gilbert, West Virginia — Brownie, a 3-year-old rabbit hound was rescued after a 50-day entrapment in a caved-in mine shaft.  A bulldozer late Monday uncovered a hole leading into the shaft into which the dog disappeared almost two months earlier.  For 18 days after Brownie disappeared while on a hunting trip with his owner, he was thought dead.  But whatever the dog chased into that narrow slit, probably a rabbit, seemed to have provided him with enough food to keep him going for a while.  Brownie's whimpering and barking was heard by one of his owner’s numerous cousins.  The dog’s owner had visited the break every day since the dog had been located, dropping food down the slit to his pet.  Water was plentiful inside the shaft.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1961 Raven Gold Mine Asphyxiations, Thompson Falls, Montana — Jack Arms and Wally Monk were overcome by gas, then rescued from the bottom of a shaft of the Raven gold mine about eight miles northeast of Thompson Falls.  A blast had been set off the night before.  The miners entered the mine the next day and fell to the gases.  A third partner, Ralph Provence, discovered that the two had been overcome by gas.  He entered the shaft and attempted to assist them, but he was nearly overcome himself.  He shouted for help and two Montana Bureau of Mines employees working nearby and two other men came to their assistance.  When Provence first descended, he succeeded in opening an air compressor valve.  This was credited with saving their lives.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1961 Rescuers saved 15-year-old, Larry Dacek, after falling down an airshaft of the abandoned Sutro Tunnel silver mine near Virginia City, Nevada.  He was trapped for 11 hours there.  Mining experts said Dacek escaped certain death by coming to rest on a rock layer supported by a few rotten timbers.  Below him was a straight 1,400 foot fall.  Source document External Link
JUN 1960 Unnamed Tourmaline Mine Cave-in, Unspecified City, California — A gem miner trapped for 10 hours in a cave-in Friday was behind bars Saturday in the county jail.  He was Calvin Trevor Mellish, 42, of nearby Escondido.  He was pinned by his right arm 130 feet underground in a tourmaline mine 63 miles north of here when a 500-pound boulder rolled down on him.  Mellish, serving a year’s sentence for arson in the burning of his home, was freed last month on $2,625 bail to enter the mine.  He told the court at that time he wanted to recover a cache of gem stones and $8,300 in cash.  Rescue workers had to shore up a narrow mine shaft and jack up the boulder to free Mellish.  He was treated and released at a hospital.  The bail bondsman said he had surrendered Mellish to the county jail.  "He was supposed to get that money," the bondsman said, "but now it's too dangerous in there, and a slide has covered his cache."  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1960 Joseph Mismash was rescued after being trapped 15 hours in a U. S. Steel Corporation iron mine near Ely, Minnesota.  Mismash was trapped in a walled-in cubicle blocked by a 14 foot-thick block of ore.  Source document External Link
MAY 1959 Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Beaver Dam, Kentucky — Three miners were rescued in good shape from a 41-hour ordeal in a caved-in hillside coal mine at Beaver Dam, Kentucky.   The three were freed early Sunday when a mechanical coal mole ground through 496 feet of earth and rocks into the 12 by 120 feet room in which they were stranded.   The cave-in occurred when rocks over the men shifted down and closed off mine entrances.  Source document PDF Format
Ken Coal Company Mine Cave-in, Beaver Dam, Kentucky — The main thing when you re trapped underground is to "keep together, keep level-headed and wait."  This is the way Jake Lewis, 39, put it after he and two other exhausted miners crawled to safety after 41 hours of imprisonment in a western Kentucky coal shaft.  "I'm thankful we got out, we felt real good," said Lewis.  "We're just thankful to the Lord and to the men that done it."  A machine that cuts and loads coal in the same operation dug rescuers a path to reach Lewis, Earl Bennett, 50; and Don McClernon, 53.  A roof cave-in caught the three miners 90 feet underground and 500 feet from the shaft entrance at the Ken Coal Company mine.  "We slept 30 or 40 minutes at a time, then we'd get cold.  We'd have to move around to get warmed back up," said Lewis.  The men had a watch to tell time, small lights, and plenty of fresh air.  They drank water and milk piped through a tube used as a sprinkler system.  A telephone cable kept them in touch with the outside.  Earl Bennett survived a 1928 explosion at West Frankfort, Illinois, that killed 21 miners.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1959 Unnamed Gold Mine Explosives Detonation, Death Valley, California — A gold miner lay helpless in a Death Valley tunnel hearing the fuses for 18 sticks of dynamite hiss a song of destruction.  Frank Rasmussen, 35, could only wait.  His right leg was shattered from a premature blast and gushing blood.  As he waited for the remaining charges to blast him into eternity, he gasped a prayer and buried his head under his arms.  Then he heard his alarmed partner Harry Boyer starting into the shaft from 18 feet above to see what was wrong.  "Don't come in here!"  Rasmussen shouted.  "No use both of us dying!"  Moments earlier he had lighted the 40-inch fuses to 10 two-stick charges spaced across the end of the tunnel wall.  Ordinarily, he would have had two or three minutes to get out.  Something went wrong this time — a faulty fuse.  Wham!  With each blast two sticks of dynamite went off.  Rocks and dirt flew.  The noise was deafening, the concussion terrific.  Rasmussen counted the explosions.  One, two, three — ten in all counting the first one which had slammed him right against the opposite wall 10 feet away.  As the echoes died away Boyer charged into the shaft.  All he could see of his comrade was a shoulder sticking out of the debris.  Boyer grabbed it and pulled Rasmussen’s head free.  Boyer tied a rope tightly around Rasmussen’s leg to stop the pouring blood.  Then he packed the injured man up a ladder and drove him to the nearby village of Skidoo.  Rasmussen told the story from his hospital bed while in traction with a leg broken in two places.  He was waiting for X-rays to show how badly his back was injured.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1959 St. Joseph Lead Mine Hoist Accident, Viburnum, Missouri — Two men were killed and two critically hurt in a 100-foot fall to the bottom of a lead mine shaft.  Killed were Junior Gilliam and Don Hall.  Injured were Lloyd Francis and Loy Bennett.  Bennett's right arm was severed.  The mine is operated by the St. Joseph Lead Company.  The men were being hauled up from a new 800-foot-deep shaft in a bucket when one of two ropes clamped together to hold the bucket slipped, spilling them out.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1959 River Slope Mine Inundation, Port Griffith, Pennsylvania — One miner, Amadeo Pancotti, age 50, was awarded the Carnegie Medal for Heroism for leading 32 miners to safety.  As the flood waters rose, Pancotti scaled a 50 foot sand-stone wall which rose generally at an angle of 75 degrees making his way to the surface.  Once there, he summoned others, who raised Louis Randazza, John Elko, and Joseph Soltis from the shaft.  A rescue team entered the mine through the shaft and found James LaFratte, Jerome Stuccio, and Pacifico Stella.  Twenty-six other men later were located and removed.  Twelve miners perished and their bodies were never recovered.
OCT 1958 Burton Mine Explosion, Craigsville, West Virginia — Four men who miraculously escaped death after being trapped underground were hospitalized.  The first of four men rescued reached the surface on his own feet, leaning on the shoulders of his rescuers, some four hours after the blast.  He was Artie Humphreys of Craigsville.  Three others, two of them horribly burned, were brought out on stretchers.
Bishop No. 34 Mine Explosion — An explosion occurred in this mine and resulted in the death of 22 miners.  Thirty-seven others erected barricades and remained behind them until they were rescued.
MAY 1958 24 miners, trapped for more than 15 hours, were rescued from a flooded Boone County Coal Corporation mine in Logan, West Virginia.  There were no deaths reported in this accident.  Source document External Link
Wharton No. 2 Mine Roof Fall, West Virginia — Resulting from a roof fall in the Wharton No. 2 mine, one employee was rescued after being pinned against an air compressor for 5 hours.  Four miners were killed in the accident.
Unnamed Potash Mine Cave-in, Carlsbad, New Mexico — A 60-year-old miner took refuge under a shuttle car and was saved after an undisclosed period as the roof of a potash mine caved in, killing the man working with him.  Lori K. Boll, the rescued man, was in fair shape in Memorial Hospital at Carlsbad after being miraculously rescued from the underground pillar "country" mine, where he was trapped 900 feet below the surface.  A fellow miner, Joe Cattaeno, around 50, apparently died instantly when the avalanche of rock and dirt thundered down.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1958 Glenn Burchett was rescued after a 6 hour roof fall entrapment in the Amherst Coal Company’s Lundale Mine at Morgantown Post, West Virginia.  Rescue workers using hydraulic jacks slowly and methodically lifted the fallen slate to a point where Burchett could be extricated.  Sadly, Burchett later died from his injuries.
DEC 1957 Mine No. 31 Explosion, Amonate, Virginia — Fourteen miners were trapped for six hours, but were rescued unharmed.  They had protected themselves from poisonous fumes by stretching canvas over openings in the shaft.  Woodrow Evans, 44, of Amonate, foreman of the 14-man group rescued at about 1 a.m., said his men remained calm during their wait and "some of them even ate their lunch."  The 14 joined their families at the surface and went home to rest.
NOV 1957 Unnamed Coal Mine Entrapment, Stockdale, Pennsylvania — Robert P. Thompson, 14, schoolboy, died after rescuing John T. Vingless, 13, schoolboy, from a cave-in, Coupon, Pennsylvania, November 2, 1957.  While John and Robert were digging for coal in a small pit four and a half feet deep at an abandoned strip mine, one side of the pit collapsed and clay, slate, and coal in a high ridge above it slid onto them.  Both boys, who were kneeling in the pit with their heads two feet below the top, were covered chest-deep.  John's hands were pinned, and a lump of slate 18 inches square and four inches thick rested on his head, pressing his face into the clay so that he barely was able to breathe.  Although he had sustained serious injuries to his back, chest, and legs, Robert freed his hands and dug himself out.  Unable to stand, he began crawling toward a nearby road to summon help, but at John’s pleas he dragged himself back to the pit.  Although in considerable pain, he moved the lump of slate from John's head.  John then dug himself out with some assistance from Robert, who removed several small pieces of slate.  John walked and Robert crawled 200 feet to the road, calling for help.  John’s mother was attracted, and the boys then were removed to a hospital.  John sustained a wrenched back and hip injuries but recovered.  Robert's injuries were extensive, including damage to his spinal cord, which caused his death later in the day.  Robert P. Thompson was posthumously bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for his bravery.  Source document External Link
SEP 1957 Marianna No. 58 Mine Explosion, Marianna, Pennsylvania — Six miners were rescued from the exploded and burning mine after more than 8 hours.  Shortly after noon, telephone lines were dropped to the men at the foot of the portal shaft.  The miners said they all were burned, one so badly he could take liquids only through a straw.  Blankets, first aid equipment and oxygen tanks were then lowered by rope.  The first of the trapped miners was brought to the surface in a makeshift oil drum elevator at 2:10 p.m.  At half-hour intervals, five other survivors were lifted to safety in the drums.
International Salt Mine Hoist Accident, Detroit, Michigan — A safety saving device was credited with saving the lives of six men who fell 200 feet down a mine shaft when a hoist cable snapped.  The device was a set of clamps installed in the 1,200-foot shaft of the International Salt Company mine in the downriver area near the Ford Rouge plant.  A cage carrying the men back to the surface plunged downward again when a cable snapped.  The safety clamps stopped the fall at the 900-foot level but it took five hours to complete the rescue.  None of the workers were injured, despite their harrowing experience.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1957 Five miners were rescued from the Betsy No. 3 coal mine operated by the Powhatan Mining Company at Fernwood, Ohio.  Released from their tomb after their entrapment of 14½ hours were Hank Horvath, Martin Kovalski, Fred Sabol, Joseph Supinski, and Kenny Hamilton.  The Betsy No. 3 mine is a small, "punch mining operation" that produces about 600 tons of coal per day.  Source document External Link
Abandoned Spring Hill Mine Rescue, Helena, Montana — Three teenage boys trapped in the abandoned Spring Hill mine shaft near Helena, Montana for more than 4 hours were rescued.  The trio, Louis and George Taylor and John McIntosh, all about 15 years of age, suffered only superficial cuts and bruises on their hands and arms from the sharp rocks while being pulled out of the shaft.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1957 Donegan Mine Cave-in, Richwood, West Virginia — William C. Richmond was rescued after being trapped for 74 hours in the mine operated by the Donegan Coal & Coke Company about 18 miles from Richwood.  This was Mr. Richmond’s eighth shift as a coal miner.  Richmond was without food, water, or light until rescuers found him.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1957 50-year-old Cantrell Owens was rescued from an abandoned Kentucky coal mine near Harlan after spending more than 2 days lost in mine.  Rescuers had to give up the search once because of the foul air they encountered.   Source document External Link
FEB 1957 ACA Fluorspar Mine Cave-in, Rosiclare, Illinois — Two miners were rescued unhurt after being trapped 90 minutes behind a wall of ore and waste which spilled into a mine tunnel when a timber support snapped.  John Reed and Grant Ralph, both about 40, were freed from a working tunnel of the Aluminum Company of America Fluorspar Mine. Reed was pinned in rock up to his knees.  A timber support for an ore bin snapped, allowing several tons of the broken rock to fall into the tunnel at the 300-foot level.  125 men were working on various levels in the mine.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1956 Uranium Mine Asphyxiation, Orangeville, Pennsylvania — Andrew Haladay, 32, from Bloomsburg was saved after an undisclosed period from possible asphyxiation by firemen and an ambulance crew who administered emergency respiration treatment to the man after he was overcome by fumes from a gasoline engine in a uranium mine near Orangeville.  His brother summoned help and Andrew was brought to the surface.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1956 A roof fall at the Kaiser Coal Company mine near Sunnyside, Utah occurred trapping 4 miners.  Three of the miners were rescued after 44 hours.  The rescued were Lavell Golding, Joe Archuletta and Lloyd Allen Heath.  Deceased in the accident was Joseph Otterstrom.  Source document External Link
JAN 1956 Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Carmichaels, Pennsylvania — On January 31, 1956, when a section of roof fell in a coal mine 550 feet below the surface, Percy A. Hooper, 33, was buried between a loading machine and a coal pillar.  During an arduous rescue in a space 18 inches wide and 20 inches high, and working with handtools, John W. Blazek, Jr. managed to free Hooper enough that the pair were able to be pulled to safety by assisting miners.  Hooper, who had been buried an hour and a half, was hospitalized for four days from shock and bruises.  Blazek, who had been in the tunnel 30 minutes, was nervous and sustained minor cuts.  Both recovered.  For his bravery, Mr. Blazek was given the Carnegie Hero Award.  Source document External Link
DEC 1955 Glen Burn Mine Cave-in, Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania — Two miners were trapped for almost — eight hours — in the Glen Burn mine at Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania when rock and coal in an old breast "ran away." Both men were trapped behind the loose rock and coal because the slide prevented them from reaching the gangway. They both walked from the workings uninjured.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1955 Union Pacific Coal Mine Cave-in, Rock Springs, Wyoming — Rescuers dug frantically today in their attempt to reach the last of three men trapped by a cave-in at a Union Pacific coal mine near Rock Springs.  One of the other two miners, Louis Julius, 38, was rescued apparently in good shape, but his companion, John Nesoit, 41, a mine foreman, was crushed to death a few yards away.  Julius owed his escape to his machine under which the rescuers found him huddled after seven hours of frantic digging.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1955 Abandoned Clay Mine Rescue, East Liverpool, Ohio — Three young men were rescued after being lost in an abandoned clay mine for 15 hours.  A searching party of about 50 persons was formed after the trio failed to return home.  They were found unharmed 5 hours after the search began.  Those rescued included: Ed Unger, 16; Lemoyne Simms, 19; and James Simms, 23.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1955 Pioneer Mine Cave-in, Ely, Minnesota — A cave-in occurred in one of the deepest underground iron mines in the world entombing Albert Marolt, 41, and Tokvo Hill, 55.  The miners were rescued from the Oliver Mining Company’s Pioneer Mine after being trapped for 20 hours.  Also missing in the mine was Joe Glinsek.  Workers said there was virtually no chance he was still alive.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1955 Unnamed Mine Fall of Person, Kellogg, Idaho — Horace Beebe, 40, was buried under 20 feet of ore and muck for 1½ hours after falling 70 feet down a chute into the material.  Thinking they were searching for a dead man, rescuers elected to dump the ore into rail cars instead of digging down from the top.  With one car filled, Beebe shot from the car feet first.  He was black all over but conscious, by all accounts he should have been dead.  When they arrived at the hospital Beebe got up from the basket rescuers were carrying him in and started walking down the hall, telling all he was going to take a shower.  Horace and his brother Gerald were operating the mine under a lease from the Sidney Mining Company.  Source document PDF Format
Abandoned Mine Fall of Person, Cloverdale, California — Floyd Whittaker was recovering at his home in traction after he was seriously injured when he fell down a shaft at a mine on the Geyser Road.  He suffered a fractured cervical spine, multiple fractures of the right thumb and contusions and abrasions of the body.  He was brought to a local facility and given treatment and then taken to his home and his back put in traction.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1955 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Thomas Margelavage, 44, was buried in a bootleg mine up to his neck in a pile of coal for six hours before rescuers could set him free.  The Mine Inspector said a wall of coal collapsed and buried Margelavage.  He was set free only 20 hours after the body of another miner had been recovered from a nearby mine.   Margelavage was taken to Good Samaritan Hospital, where he was treated for cuts, bruises and shock.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1955 Banner Mine Storage Bin Collapse, Tucson, Arizona — Arnulfo Borbon, 22, a pick man at the Banner mine, was buried up to his chin in a loose ore bin yesterday morning.  Fast-working crews freed him in three hours.  He was uninjured.  Borbon was standing at the apex of an inverted cone-shaped mass of quarter-inch rock in a bin 20 feet high and 15 feet in diameter.  He was knocking rock loose above him for the slide through the bottom of the bin, at his feet, and onto a conveyor belt underneath the bin.  An unusually large mass of the ore suddenly slipped down on Borbon’s feet, pinning him at the bin bottom before he could step back to a safety area.  A resultant slide buried the miner up to his hips, then, later, up to his chin.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1954 Abandoned Anthracite Coal Mine Fall of Person, Shaft, Pennsylvania — Alden A. Hartz, Jr., 27, construction worker, rescued Catherine M. Murphy, 72, from a cave-in, Shaft, Pennsylvania, November 23, 1954.  Mrs. Murphy was crossing a field near her home when a cave-in occurred above an abandoned coal mine underlying that area.  Ground gave way beneath her; and she fell into a hole 70 feet deep caused by the cave-in, landing on a mound of fallen earth which rose 20 feet above the bottom of the hole.  She sustained severe injuries and partially was buried by earth.  The hole was four feet wide at the surface and thence downward to the bottom widened irregularly to 40 feet, the sides having numerous overhanging protuberances.  Attracted by the screams of Mrs. Murphy, Hartz and others gathered at the hole.  A 20-foot ladder was placed on the ground across the hole.  Although he could observe that the sides of the hole were unstable, Hartz, who observed others already there were reluctant to enter the hole, volunteered at once to descend to Mrs. Murphy and tied the end of 150-foot rope to himself.  He was lowered into the opening carrying a hand lamp.  Three men played out the rope, and another man lay prone on the ladder to guide the rope as Hartz was lowered 50 feet to the mound.  Descending 12 feet on the mound, he found Mrs. Murphy and freed her from the fallen earth.  She became unconscious.  He had difficulty obtaining footing on the muddy slope and called to the men above to pull slowly on the rope.  Hartz drew Mrs. Murphy to the top of the mound.  He saw small stones and dirt falling from the sides of the hole and realized another cave-in might be imminent but removed the rope from himself and fastened it securely to Mrs. Murphy, deciding because of her injuries to have her taken up separately while he waited on the mound.  At Hartz's call the men lifted Mrs. Murphy to the surface.  The rope was returned to Hartz, and he was drawn rapidly from the hole after being in it seven minutes. Mrs. Murphy was rushed to a hospital but died of her injuries two days later.  Hartz was nervous but recovered.  Mr. Hartz was bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for his bravery.  Source document External Link
OCT 1954 Nearly freed from fallen timber and rock in an Anthracite mine in Branchdale, Pennsylvania, Carl Herman became trapped again when a second cave-in occurred.  35 friends worked for an undisclosed period to free Herman who managed to get out with only a broken leg.  Source document External Link
JUN 1954 Blue Mountain Mine Cave-in, Cumbola, Pennsylvania — Charles Kopinetz, 31, was rescued after being trapped for three hours in the mine operated by the Blue Mountain Coal Company near Cumbola, Pennsylvania.  He was taken to the Pottsville Hospital where his condition was described as fairly good as he received treatment for injuries to his back and legs.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Raven Run, Pennsylvania — Two entombed miners were rescue after being trapped for more than 15 hours in a cave-in at an independent Anthracite mine at Raven Run.  The plight of the two men was not discovered until Friday night, when the 16-year-old son of one of the victims went to the mine to learn why his father did not return home.  The youth climbed down the slope of the mine and discovered the walls had collapsed.  He returned to the surface and spread the alarm.  Both men were taken to Locust Mountain Hospital in Shenandoah and treated for shock and exposure.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1953 LNC Mines Cave-in, Coaldale, Pennsylvania — John Teno, 42, was caught and partly covered by a rush of material in the LNC mines in Coaldale.  He was rescued after an undisclosed period by his buddies and was transferred to the Coaldale State Hospital.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1953 Lehigh Coal & Navigation Mine Cave-in, Coaldale, Pennsylvania — Steve Oblas, 26, was set free after a 9-hour entrapment in the mine at Coaldale, Pennsylvania operated by the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company.  Thirty miners participated in the rescue.  Source document PDF Format
Scrub Oak Mine Cave-in, Dover, New Jersey — Emergency crews rescued a miner who was trapped six hours by a cave-in at an iron ore mine.  The miner, 51-year-old John Fortner was brought to the surface and taken to Dover General Hospital.  Another miner, Robert Allen, 47, was hurt in the cave-in last night, but managed to scramble out of the path of the falling muck, which consists of bits of iron ore.  He was treated for minor cuts and released.  During the rescue operation, the crews were able to keep a running conversation with Mr. Fortner.  When they reached him, he was found pinned by the ore.  Police said the cave-in at the Scrub Oak Mine of the Alan Wood Steel Company apparently was caused by previous blasting.  The rescue workers dug a pathway to Mr. Fortner and found him on the fifth slope of the lower level, about 1,800 feet below the ground.  Source document PDF Format
Monarch Mine Fire, Harlan, Kentucky — Fifteen miners were rescued without injury after an undisclosed period at the Monarch Mine of the Blue Diamond Coal Company.  The State Department of Mines and Minerals said it understood a locomotive reel cable caught fire and the motorman was unable to shut off the power.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1953 Gilberton Coal Company Drill Hole Entrapment, Gilberton, Pennsylvania — Five-year-old Laura Mae Helser was freed from her 90-minute confinement after falling 10 feet into an 11-inch test hole at the strip mine owned by the Gilberton Coal Company.  Rescuers ingeniously fashioned a make-shift vertical stretcher to free the child from her entrapment.  Source document PDF Format
Abandoned Mine Fall of Person, Lordsburg, Nevada — A 15-year-old high school boy was recovering from several broken bones and assorted bruises after miraculously surviving a fall down a 330-foot mine shaft.  Ray Harrington received a broken collarbone, broken arm and broken leg when he tumbled down the abandoned Nevada mine shaft.  Rescuers attributed his survival to the fact that the shaft had a jog in it about midway down.  This, they say, may have broken his fall.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1952 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — 50-year-old Sylvester Prosper was rescued after an undisclosed period after being trapped by a coal fall and buried up to the neck.  It was some hours before anybody even knew there was anything wrong.  One of the first rescuers to arrive was a priest, the Rev. John Shellum of a church in Pottsville.  The priest crawled all the way to where Sylvester was trapped and gave him the last rites of the Roman Catholic church.  Then the priest stripped off his robes, got a shovel, and went to work helping the others get the miner out.  Hospital authorities said Sylvester had contusions and bruises, and was suffering from shock.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1952 June 2, 1952: Three of five miners were rescued after being trapped for 24 hours by a cave-in at Republic Steel Corporation's Penokee Iron Ore Mine near Ironwood, Michigan.  The rescued miners were Victor Cox, Christopher Hocking, and Mack Krecker.  The body of Jerome Olkonen was later found by rescuers, lying beside his machine.  The fate of the 5th miner, Serafim Zackarzewski, is not known, although mine officials feared he would have been crushed to death in the fall of rock.  See MoreExternal Link
MAR 1952 Repplier Colliery Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Caught under many tons of coal while working in the Repplier colliery, Steve Matusiak, 59, of New Philadelphia, near Pottsville, was dug out by fellow workmen after an undisclosed period.  He was rushed to a Pottsville hospital where he was treated for chest injuries.  Source document PDF Format
Well Rockslide Rescue, Salida, Colorado — Charles Dennis, a 33-year-old metal miner was trapped for 12 hours after a rock slide crashed down on him at the bottom of a 15-foot well.  The slide completely covered the man but he was able to breathe because of air spaces in the rock jumble.  Rescue operations were carried on most of the night by floodlight, and broke through to the trapped man.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1952 Abandoned Mine Fall of Person, Springfield, Missouri — Don M. Searle, 18, suffered serious injuries when he fell into an abandoned mine shaft on Pierson Creek, five miles east of Springfield, Missouri.  Searle was searching for traces of uranium in the old mine with three companions.  He was being lowered into the shaft with a windlass and rope when the rope broke, dropping him about 50 feet.  Ropes were used to bring him to the surface about 30 minutes after he tumbled into the shaft.  He suffered a leg fracture, back injury and cuts.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1951 One miner, Cecil Sanders, was rescued after 60 hours from the Orient No. 2 coal mine in West Frankfort, Illinois following an explosion which killed 119.  At that time, this disaster was the nation's worst in the preceding 23 years.  Source document External Link
NOV 1951 Blue Flame Mine Rescue, Plano, Iowa — Eugene Welch, 40, trapped 125 feet underground, was released by his fellow workers afternoon a few hours after a doctor was critically injured in a plunge down the mine shaft.  Welch underwent amputation of his right leg below the knee following his rescue by fellow miners.  Dr. C. L. Richey, 44, was in "very critical condition" from multiple fractures suffered when the cable broke on a cage in which he was being lowered into the mine to aid Welch.  Welch’s leg was drawn into the cutting chain on a coal-cutting machine while he was working in the Blue Flame coal mine a mile south of Plano.  The men were working in a space 28 inches high when Welch’s trouser leg caught in the endless chain which is used to cut into the vein of coal.  Source document PDF Format
Unnamed Mystic Coal Mine Tragedy, Mystic, Iowa — Dr. Granvil L. Richey, 44, who was injured seriously November 6 at Centerville, lowa, while attempting to descend into a mine shaft to administer aid to a stricken miner, was reportedly in an improved condition at St. Mary’s hospital in Rochester, Minnesota, after undergoing a series of operations as a result of his injuries.  Dr. Richey suffered a broken nose, jaw, left leg, right heel and ankle, when a cable broke while he was descending into the shaft to aid the miner, plunging the elevator and its occupant 125 feet to the bottom of the shaft.  The Centerville physician, a graduate of Columbus high school and Indiana university medical school, was the medical director at St. Joseph’s hospital in Centerville, where he was taken immediately after the accident occurred.  The miner the Doctor was going down to aid was Eugene Welch.  He was caught in a cutting machine. His leg required amputation in hospital 3 hours after the accident.  Note: No mention of the name or owner of the mine where this accident occurred could be found in multiple news articles other than to say it was a coal mine located near Mystic, which is northwest of Centerville, Iowa in Appanoose County.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1951 Vesta No. 5 Mine Roof Fall, Vestaburg, Pennsylvania — Though he was almost completely buried from a fall of slate in the Vesta No. 5 mine of the Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation, Harry Layhew, 28, only suffered a back injury.  Fellow workmen dug him out of the slate after an undisclosed period and transferred him to the Brownsville hospital.  He was admitted there after treatment but his condition was not listed as serious.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1951 Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Shaft, Pennsylvania — Henry W. Eckley, Sr., 61, coal miner, died as the result of attempting to rescue Anthony Woznicki, 46, coal miner, from a cave-in.  During the course of the rescue, a large quantity of debris fell from near the ceiling and partially buried Eckley, who sustained severe internal injuries and a broken leg.  Eckley and Woznicki were removed from the entry by other miners and were taken to the surface.  Woznicki was disabled six months.  Eckley succumbed to injuries three days later.  Posthumously, Mr. Eckley was awarded the Carnegie Hero Award for his bravery.  Source document External Link
FEB 1951 East Mammoth Mine Cave-in, Coaldale, Pennsylvania — Entombed by a mine cave-in for five hours, Peter Gusick, contract miner, was rescued by fellow workers.  Gusick was caught underground when a chute collapsed on the second level of the East Mammoth gangway at the Coaldale Colliery.  The miner said he went for tools to repair his chute when he heard the tumbling earth and jumped aside to avoid being hit by falling coal and timbering.  The only means of communication Gusick had with digging crews was an air pipe driven down through the debris.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1951 Unnamed Surface Mine Rescue, St. Marys, Pennsylvania — Six-year-old William Van Slander liked to toddle along after his 34-year-old father and watch him rip coal from the earth with a giant bulldozer.  Yesterday Van Slander, Sr. wasn’t satisfied with the way his huge machine was working.  He got off his seat and kicked at a slowly moving cog.  The cog caught in his overalls and started grinding his left leg to pieces.  Frantically, the father shouted at his son to pull the lever which would stop the machine.  There were several levers, but Billy got the right one just as his father lost consciousness.  The boy then ran three miles to neighbors for aid.  Van Slander was taken to a hospital, where his leg was amputated below the knee.  The doctors, who credited Billy with saving his dad's life, said the miner's condition is satisfactory.  Source document PDF Format
Pandora Mine Fire, Sullivan, Indiana — Sixteen men trapped for almost three hours behind a fire in the Pandora Mine were reported safe.  Two men were brought to the Mary Sherman Hospital suffering from effects of the smoke.  Both David Solomon, 66, and Wayne Mannel, 18, were reported at the hospital to be in good condition.  Mannel was in the mine when the fire started and was able to get out without being trapped.  He went immediately back in to help in the rescue work and to fight the fire.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1950 His life saved by the same huge beam that kept him prisoner for 54 hours, John Wolti was freed from his tomb by rescuers in the Big 4 coal mine at Selleck, Washington.  Wolti was brought out of the mine with a crushed arm and suffering from shock and was expected to be hospitalized for a week to ten days.  Source document External Link
Old Smuggler Mine Fire, Silver Plume, Colorado — Six miners who escaped death in a mine fire in the Old Smuggler Mine gave credit for their rescue to a 4-man party that built a firedoor to keep the flames from spreading.  The six men were trapped for four hours.  The fire broke out yesterday in the hoist house and spread to the dry timbers of the shaft.  Some 30 men jumped to the task of rescuing the men and four of them went below through a supplementary tunnel that joined the main shaft about 75 feet below the surface.  They constructed the firewall there, containing the fire with steel plates and heavy timbers.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1950 Auchincloss No. 2 Mine Cave-in, Nanticoke, Pennsylvania — Walter Legins, 39, coal mine shaftman, helped to rescue Stephen C. Grozio, 49, coal mine shaftman, from a cave-in in a mine, Nanticoke, Pennsylvania, November 20, 1950.  At night while Grozio and two other men were at work on a platform in a mine-shaft 1,160 feet below ground-level, a cave-in occurred above them.  Grozio jumped quickly onto a cage partly protected by a metal canopy in an adjoining section of the shaft, as a huge mass of debris struck the platform and demolished it.  The other two men fell with the debris from 250 feet above the bottom of the shaft.  The cage was wrenched from its guides but remained suspended 150 feet below a landing.  The rumble of falling debris was heard at the surface, but the extent of the cave-in could not be determined.  A group comprising two foremen, Legins, and three other men entered the mine at another shaft and reached the landing.  Visibility into the damaged shaft was negligible, but all noted that a section of the shaft opposite the landing had fallen away.  Crozio's head-lamp was dimly sighted.  In response to calls, Grozio apprised the others of conditions and told them his hands were numbed.  Only Legins volunteered to descend to Crozio.  Although aware that another cave-in might be imminent, Legins with a rope tied to him entered the shaft and was lowered to the cage, where he removed the rope.  Using a metal bar, he broke away an obstruction in the shaft above the cage.  Calling repeatedly to the landing with directions for the raising and lowering of the cage, Legins and Crozio after 20 minutes engaged the guide and were drawn to the landing.  Legins and Grozio were taken to the surface.  After extensive digging operations, the bodies of the other two men were recovered; and the shaft was closed permanently.  Crozio was chilled, and he and Legins were nervous.  Both recovered.  Walter Legins was bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for his bravery.  Source document 1 External Link    Source document 2 PDF Format
JUN 1950 Copper Canyon Mine Fire, Copper Canyon, Nevada — Fourteen miners trapped for three hours by flames in a mine shaft were rescued.  Mining Engineer Tom Cahill of the Copper Canyon Company said that fire of unknown origin broke out at the top of the main shaft at 8:30 a.m.  Contact with the underground crew 700 feet below the ground level was immediately cut off when telephone wires in the main shaft burned.  When news of the trapped men was first transmitted to nearby cities, rescue crews of miners were flown from adjoining areas to the scene.  Supt. Robert Raring ventured down a parallel shaft abandoned as a working operation and used as an emergency escape route.  By noon, the last of the 14 miners had climbed ladders in the old shaft and emerged safely on the ground level.  None of the men had been overcome by smoke.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1950 Biscontini Mine Cave-in, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — Edmund F. Gorka, 28, was rescued after spending 15 hours trapped by a fall of coal and dirt in a mine operated by the Biscontini Coal Company near Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.  Prior to him being set free, rescuers hammered a steel tube through tons of debris to get fresh air to him.  His co-worker, Thomas Dembski, 21, had narrowly missed being trapped with him and managed to get free and sound the alarm. Source document PDF Format
MAR 1950 Independent Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Following a cave-in at an independent Anthracite mine near Pottsville, Pennsylvania, Robert Schoffstall, 42, was reached by rescue workers after remaining entombed seven hours.  He suffered a possible fractured skull, abrasions of the right temple and a fractured left leg.  Frank Bosack, Jr., 23, the other trapped miner, crawled out of the mine on Sharp Mountain, after diggers drove through sixty tons of rock, crushed timber and debris in ten hours.  Also trapped with the two men and rescued from the mine was "Pete" the mule.  The mule assisted greatly in his rescue.  He kicked and pawed his way through fallen rock and coal while rescue workers drove from the outside toward the entombed animal.  After the opening was made the mule squeezed through and crawled out of the underground operation on his own power, a distance of about 1,000 feet.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1950 Fire Chief Coal Co. Mine No. 2 Cave-in, Whitesburg, Kentucky — Worley Dickinson, 59, was rescued after being trapped by a cave-in for more than 24 hours.  Dickinson and Dewey Rose, 49, were caught in a heavy rock fall in the Fire Chief Coal Company Mine No 2 near Whitesburg, Kentucky.  Rose died instantly on Feb. 14 when the accident happened.  Dickinson said he was imprisoned in a space about the size of a No. 3 washtub.  He had been protected by a wagon where he had been standing when the roof let go.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1950 Joseph Burda was rescued after being trapped for 40 hours in a "bootleg" anthracite mine near Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania.  He and his brother, Edward, became trapped following a cave-in.  Rescue attempts carried on for Edward, however, it is unknown if they were successful.  Source document External Link
United Salt Mine Fire, Hockley, Texas — Eight miners were set free from the fire in the United Salt Company mine after an undisclosed period.  The miners had been lowered into the mine only minutes before the fire broke out.  Electric wiring was burned which temporarily idled the mine’s hoist.  The trapped miners were uninjured in the incident.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1949 Maple Hill Colliery Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — Rescuers brought out 15 weary coal miners early today who had spent eight hours trapped behind a rock fall 900 feet underground.  The trapped men dug continuously during their captivity to help rescue crews working from the other side clear away the tons of rock, coal and dirt which blocked their path to freedom.  Physicians who examined each of the men as they came to the surface said that they suffered no ill effects.  They were sent home to rest.  The men had been trapped in the No. 6 slope of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company’s Maple Hill colliery when a runaway mine car jumped the track and knocked out timbers supporting the sides and roof of the tunnel.  The crashing timbers and a warning rumble alerted the men, but the sides and roof of the tunnel collapsed with a roar before they could flee.  The rock fall occurred only two hours after the men started working yesterday afternoon.  All 15 had enough food in their lunch boxes.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1949 Abandoned Well Rescue, Austin, Texas — A 3-year-old boy fell 14 feet down a narrow shaft of an abandoned well and was rescued alive three hours later.  Bobby Gow, son of Mr. and Mrs. James Gow of Austin, toppled into the 10-inch shaft while playing.  A 12-year-old playmate saw him fall and spread the alarm.  His rescue came after three steam shovels, compressed air hammers and volunteer pick and shovel workers tore away the earth from the 20-foot hole.  Except for the happier ending.  The incident was reminiscent of the tragedy of Kathy Fiscus, age 3, who died last April after a 98-foot fall down an abandoned well pipe at San Marino, California.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1949 Peabody Mine No. 59 Fire, Springfield, Illinois — An underground fire sent dense smoke through Peabody Mine No. 59 north of Springfield forcing between 250 and 300 men to use emergency escape shafts.  All the men reached safe areas and were evacuated three at a time.  Most of them had been brought to the surface three hours after the fire broke out.  The fire broke out 1½ hours before the regular day shift was to end.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1949 Spruce Mine Landslide, Eveleth, Minnesota — Two miners were rescued after being trapped more than ten hours by an earth slide in the Spruce mine at Eveleth, Minnesota.  Sakri Makinen and Ed Kinszater were both brought up from the 200-foot level unhurt.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1949 Kittoe Mining Works Fire, Benton, Wisconsin — Fifteen miners were rescued after being trapped for seven hours by a fire which occurred in the engine room of the Kittoe Mining Works near Benton, Wisconsin.  The fire cut the men off from their 167-foot escape shaft to the mine head.  Except for one miner who suffered a slight heart attack, all the men remained calm throughout their ordeal.
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Sagon, Pennsylvania — A 62-year-old miner entombed in a standing position for 9½ hours after a cave-in of coal and earth was smoking a cigarette as weary rescue workers hoisted him from the 30-foot hole.  Alexander Pachekailo was trapped with his son, Joseph, 22, in an anthracite shaft at Sagon, near Shamokin.  The son had dug himself out after an hour.  At Shamokin Hospital, Pachekailo was treated for shock and exposure.  He had no other injuries.  Rescuers were forced to work singly in the four-foot square shaft of the independent mine.  The debris had to be removed a bucket at a time before the trapped miner could be raised to the surface.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1948 Kritzer Tungsten Mine Snow Storm, Dinkey Creek, California — A quick and full recovery was predicted for Claude Kritzer, whose left foot was amputated in an attempt to save his life.  Kritzer, 34, with his brother, Martin, 38, were marooned in the snow-covered Sierras for nine days this month.  The attending physician said the foot, which was gangrenous, was amputated above the ankle because there was no other choice.  The two brothers were rescued from the mountains on December 21.  They had planned to drive a tractor from their tungsten mine above Dinkey Creek but were caught in a snowstorm.  Martin Kritzer, still in the hospital, was reported recovering from exposure and frostbite.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1948 John George Lease Mill Entrapment, Wardner, Idaho — George A. Scheurich was rescued after being buried for four hours under seven feet of muck in a chute at the John George lease mill in Wardner.  Fellow millmen and Bunker Hill employees rescued him by tearing out the sides of the ore chute.  Scheurich was alone when the accident occurred and it is believed he was walking on top of the muck when it started to roll.  He was uninjured, but suffered from cold and cramp and was being kept in the hospital for observation.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1948 Dresser Mine Explosion, Terre Haute, Indiana — Thirty-five coal miners were trapped by an explosion in the Dresser coal mine last night, but all were rescued.  Mine officials said two men with second degree burns were taken to the Union hospital at Terre Haute. None of the other men were injured.  The explosion occurred at 6:10 p.m., and mine officials said all of the men were out at 7 p.m.  Source document PDF Format
Golden Rod Mine No. 9 Cave-in, Picher, Oklahoma — Burford Storm, 28, was trapped for six hours in a cave-in at the Golden Rod Mine No. 9.  He and his helper, John Carmack, were loading boulders at a level 235 feet below the surface when dirt, ore rock and boulders gave way beneath then.  The debris slid down about 30 feet to the bottom of the mine, carrying Storm with it.  He was pinned between levels, but was not covered by the debris.  Carmack gained a higher level as the cave-in started and was helped out of the mine immediately.  Some 25 miners worked to free Storm, finally succeeding six hours after the cave-in.  Neither was seriously hurt.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1948 Edgewater Mine Explosion, Birmingham, Alabama — A company spokesman said a pocket of gas apparently was set off near the junction of a new ventilation shaft with an old areaway.  About 50 men were working in the vicinity.  Most escaped through an air shaft and others trapped by gas, were brought to safety by rescue workers after an undisclosed period.
MAY 1948 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Inundation, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — Edward Heck and Peter Gorton were rescued from a bootleg Anthracite mine near Shamokin, Pennsylvania following their 60-hour entrapment from an inundation of water from an adjoining abandoned mine.  The men said they believed their companion, Charles Bashore, was trapped in the lowest part of the mine and had no chance to escape.
MAR 1948 Big Cottonwood Canyon Avalanche, Salt Lake, Utah — Survivor of a terrible experience, trapped by a huge avalanche he could not see, but only hear, Roy Newman, blind miner, was discovered in the area of the snowslide which thundered down into Big Cottonwood canyon.  Searchers for Mr. Newman and three skiers who were unaccounted for after the snow mass blocked the canyon road and stream, found the miner hiding in one of the mine shafts which honeycomb the area.  He was shaken, but unhurt.  Fears for Mr. Newman’s safety had risen when state troopers slogged through heavy snow and found his cabin intact, but vacant.  A friend of the blind man, who assisted in the search, suggested Mr. Newman might be in one of the mine shafts or tunnels, and a search of these revealed the missing man.  Source document PDF Format
Unnamed Mine Cave-in, Telluride, Colorado — Robert Pressley, 35, was trapped head down by a slide of muck for 14 hours.  He suffered a crushed foot and shock and is expected to recover.  Pressley was pinned in a small ore chute throughout the night while fellow miners retimbered the chute to prevent a new slide of ore from coming down on him.  He was rescued after the timbering operation was completed and taken to a hospital here.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1947 Well Cave-in Rescue, Warner, New Hampshire — Norman Wood, 23-year-old war veteran, was rescued from an 18-foot well after being buried up to his waist for 22 hours by a cave-in.  Trapped while working in the well, Woods was pinned at the bottom of the pit and held prisoner for all the day and night before.  When finally rescued by 300 volunteer workers, Woods was taken 18 miles to the Margaret Pillsbury hospital in Concord, where he was determined to be in fair condition.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1947 John McNulty Mine Slide, Owensboro, Kentucky — Two men were trapped in a slide at the John McNulty coal mine, formerly the old Lee Rudy mine, five miles west of Owensboro.  William Hays, 33, and Tom Gray, 61, the two men trapped in the mine, were at work cleaning a path toward the new shaft when the main shaft curb gave way.  They were the only men in the mine at the time of the accident.  An alarm was sounded and a rescue squad was organized and succeeded in getting the two men back to safety within the space of an hour.  A motorized winch was dispatched to the mine and the men removed through the new shaft on an improvised swing chair.  Neither man suffered any ill effects from their ordeal.  Later, the rescue squad was successful in bringing the mine pony to safety.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1947 Old Ben No. 8 Mine Explosion, West Frankfort, Illinois — At the time of the explosion 264 men were in the mine, and all those not in the immediate area of the explosion escaped, unaided.  All of the deaths were due to burns and violence resulting from the explosion.  Four men in the immediate explosion area were rescued after an undisclosed period but one man died approximately ten hours after being taken to the surface.
JUN 1947 Independent Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — George Sleva, 26, was rescued after being entombed 14 hours by a rock fall in a small independent coal mine.  Sleva was taken to the Pottsville Hospital, where he was taken and treated for shock and minor bruises.  His condition was described as good.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1947 Schooley Mine Explosion, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — The Schooley mine explosion killed nine anthracite diggers, and injured nine others as they worked 350 feet underground.  The explosion, so terrific that it splintered supporting timbers and crumpled mine chamber walls, came soon after the day work crew reported at the shaft of the Knox Coal company.  Dust and smoke rose from the pithead, as rescue forces rushed into the operation near Wilkes-Barre.  Two bodies were removed immediately.   Injured were speeded to nearby Pittston hospital where doctors said some had been burned, others overcome by fumes.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1947 Centralia No. 5 Mine Explosion, Centralia, Illinois — Rescue workers kept digging in a gaseous, clogged-up passage 540 feet underground.  The picking and the toiling slow work in the thick of the lingering fumes, in about 20 hours had accounted for only nine survivors of the 131 who were caught in the blast just a few minutes before quitting time.
JAN 1947 Gemini Mine Cave-in, Eureka, Utah — Two silver miners were freed by crews who shoveled through 100 tons of dirt for almost eight hours after a slide of waste matter trapped the pair.  Fifteen fellow miners used a bucket machine and shovels to reach Bryan Sorenson and Benny Allison, trapped in a mine pocket at the 1300-foot level of the Gemini mine.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1946 Franklin Colliery Cave-in, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — Frank J. Di Andriole helped to rescue Peter A. Byczkowski from a mine cave-in.  After another cave-in, the mine was cleared of all rescue workers, who by then had dug a tunnel six feet into the debris to find that Byczkowski was alive.  In a rescue that took 2½ hours, Di Andriole and Clair S. Sigworth, a mine inspector, were able to remove the debris and carry Byczkowski to safety.  Several hours later another cave-in occurred in the area, and it required six days to uncover the body of a man who had been buried with Byczkowski.  Messrs. Di Andriole and Sigworth were awarded the Carnegie Hero Award for their bravery.  Source document 1 External Link  Source document 2 PDF Format
Globe Copper Mine Earth Slide, Globe, Arizona — John York, 52, trapped by an earth slide in the copper mine at Globe, Arizona was rescued after a 24-hour entrapment.  Hopes to rescue another miner trapped, John Orekar, age 44, diminished when the faint tapping sounds he was making ceased after more than 70 hours.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1946 Abandoned Pennsylvania Coal Co. Mine Rescue, Pittston, Pennsylvania — A Pittston coal miner was rescued from an abandoned mine shaft after being entombed for several hours.  Benjamin Desko, 58, was locked in the shaft when the exit was filled in by a bulldozer operator, who was unaware that he was in the shaft.  Desko was reported missing by his wife when he failed to return home.  She went to the shaft where her husband said he would be working and discovered the entrance blocked.  The alarm was sounded and workers of the Pennsylvania Coal Company made the rescue.  When examined at the Pittston Hospital, Desko was found to be none the worst for his experience.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1946 Elcomb Mine Fire, Harlan, Kentucky — William Viles, 49, was rescued after he was trapped for five hours in the Elcomb Coal Company mine by a fire ignited by friction from a conveyor cable.  He was taken to the Harlan hospital and treated for shock.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1946 Great Valley Mine Explosion, McCoy, Virginia — A rescue squad from Radford donned gas masks and made its way to the site shortly after the explosion.  Eleven were found dead of burns.  The twelfth miner, Paul Price, was brought to the surface but died without regaining consciousness at a hospital here.
FEB 1946 Tamaqua Colliery Cave-in, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — "I was hoping you guys would get here soon" was the greeting that Rolland Matalcavage gave to his rescuers when they reached him.  Matalcavage was trapped for an undisclosed period by a rush of coal in a chute on the third level workings of the Tamaqua Colliery of the Lehigh Navigation Coal Company.  Workers heard the rush and rescue work proceeded.  After a time, rescuers came upon several overhanging sections of rock, beneath which Matalcavage had crawled for protection.  The workman was unharmed.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1946 Havaco No. 9 Mine Explosion, Welch, West Virginia — James Williams, seriously burned about the hands and face, was rescued from the No. 9 mine of the New River & Pocahontas Consolidated Coal Company at Welch, West Virginia.  The explosion there trapped 150 miners for several hours and killed 15.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1945 Belva No. 1 Mine Explosion, Fourmile, Kentucky — Approximately 3 hours after the explosion, nine miners barricaded themselves noting, "nine miners in here, 11 a.m. Thursday" on a pile of slate.  More than 50 hours later, they were discovered and brought to the surface.  The first out and the oldest of the group was Al Bennett.  He died while awaiting rescue.  The other eight miners were: Charles Lingar; McKinley Leath; William Branstutt; Ivan Philpot; Joe Hatfield; Huey Miller; Tom McQueen; and Bud Towns.  Mr. McQueen died a few hours after the rescue.  Mr. Towns died several months after he was rescued.
AUG 1945 Abandoned Mine Landslide, Beechwood, Maryland — The cows came home safe and sound — all four of them — after being trapped by a landslide for three days in an old coal mine without food or water.  Shifts of men worked by lantern and carbon lamp hauling out wheelbarrow loads of rock and attempting to erect roof supports against recurrent rock fall.  All were in good condition, their owners said.  The last cow to be rescued, found about 150 feet from the entrance, was temporarily light-blinded, but was expected to make out all right.   Source document PDF Format
NOV 1944 Maryland Fuel Mine Cave-in, Lonaconing, Maryland — William Reiber, 49, of Douglas street, was rescued from the Maryland Fuel mine after being pinioned for two hours by a cave-in of timber supports.  Reiber suffered a fractured right leg and was admitted to Memorial Hospital.  The mine was owned by the Jenkins Coal Company.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1944 Ridgeway Darby Mine Fire, Harlan Kentucky — Eighteen miners trapped for nearly 20 hours were rescued from the flames in the Ridgeway Darby Coal Company Mine in Harlan, Kentucky.  Only one man, C. C. Wills, had to be carried from the mine.  Wills had been overcome by fumes but his condition was not serious.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1944 Stambaugh Mine Cave-in, Uniontown, Pennsylvania — Oran Kennedy, 36, was rescued after 2 hours from beneath tons of rock which crashed from the ceiling of the Stambaugh mine of the Bortz Coal Company.  Tons of roof slate Jell in the shaft in which Kennedy was working.  A pit wagon broke the fall near the miner, however, and provided breathing space between the huge lumps of slate.  Rescuers, constantly menaced by additional falls, went forward with their efforts until they reached Kennedy, who escaped with a fractured pelvis.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1943 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — Anthony Onushak, 35, was rescued from a bootleg mine operation near Mahanoy City, after he was entombed more than five hours.  Onushak was working alone at the bottom of a 400-foot slope when the workings closed as the result of a heavy fall on the slope.  Fellow independent miners organized a rescue force and found the miner buried to his hips, but not badly injured.  He refused medical attention after his rescue, and at his request was taken to his home.  Source document PDF Format
Glen Alden No. 9 Mine Cave-in, Sugar Notch, Pennsylvania — Trapped by a cave at the No. 9 Tunnel of the Glen Alden Coal Company at Sugar Notch, a miner and laborer were rescued by a crew which had dug persistently for more than 10 hours to reach them.  The men trapped were Frank Adamovitch, and his laborer, Benjamin Miller.  Adamovitch’s other laborer, Frank Verostek, away at the time of the cave, spread the alarm which brought mine executives and rescue crews to the scene.  Adamovitch and Miller were taken to Wilkes-Barre General Hospital, where it was found Miller escaped almost uninjured, but that Adamovitch’s injuries were more serious.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1943 Collinsville Mine Lost Person, Collinsville, Illinois — Lost for more than 27 hours 200 feet underground in the tunnels of a Bunker Hill Coal Company mine, John Millett, 62, was rescued, but not before he apparently gave up hope.  With chalk on a piece of slate he had scribbled the words, "You're five minutes too late."  Millett, a veteran mine examiner, was found unconscious several hundred feet from the central shaft by two Collinsville miners.  Millett said he wrote the message in despair after one searching crew passed without seeing him where he lay helpless.  He was transported to the hospital where he was treated for shock and exposure.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1943 Rescuers freed six miners after an undisclosed period following an explosion at the Three Point Coal Company mine in southeast Kentucky.  Twelve miners perished in the accident; 3 directly by the explosion and 9 others found huddled together, overcome by gases.  The six rescued miners had traveled one mile further into the mine where they constructed a barricade.  Source document External Link
Primrose Colliery Explosion, Primrose, Pennsylvania — After an undisclosed period following the explosion, nine injured men were removed from the mine and taken to a hospital in nearby Pottsville.  Most of them were suffering from burns, bruises and shock.  Only one of these, James Connelly, was believed to be in serious condition.
JUL 1943 Federal Colliery Inundation, Bridgeville, Pennsylvania — Six miners were rescued from the flooded Federal Colliery of the Ollett Coal Company after being trapped for 48 hours.  The rescue was largely successful due to the ingenuity of John Comp from the Red Cross   Make-shift surf boards were fashioned by Comp and used by the trapped miners with his assistance.  The rescued miners were Henry Rheinstadler, Caesar Rua, Frank Albertini, Peter Carroll, John Bonassi, and Albert Long.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1943 NuRex Mine Explosion, LaFollette, Tennessee — Eighteen coal miners, huddling behind a hastily erected canvas barrier nearly 2,000 feet underground, survived an explosion that rocked the Etna Coal and Coke Company mine and suffocated ten of their companions.  The miners, fighting against the deadly fumes of "black damp" for more than eight hours, stumbled and crawled from their barricaded cell as rescue parties freed them.
MAR 1943 Jermyn-Green Coal Co. No. 6 Colliery Cave-in, Inkerman, Pennsylvania — Henry R. Skibitski, 32, coal miner; and John Kuchinsky, 37, coal mine, helped to rescue Frank Chas, 44, mine laborer, from a cave-in in a mine, Inkerman, Pennslvania, March 30, 1943.  Two runaway mine cars were derailed in an air-course of a coal mine, causing the roof to collapse for 17 feet in the air-course and in a cross-cut that extended six feet off the air-course at one end of the cave-in.  Chas, who was in the cross-cut, was pinned by a timber on which rock rested.  While the debris moved and settled somewhat and a few rocks fell, Skibitski, followed by John Kuchinsky, from the end of the cave-in crawled 12 feet in a narrow passageway at one side of the cave-in under debris and reached Chas.  They placed blocks under the timber; and with bars Kuchinsky and then Skibitski dug at rocks under Chas, freeing him.  They dragged Chas into the air-course, lifted him across one of the cars, and lowered him to the floor beyond the inner end of the cave-in.  Chas had sustained a cut on his head, and his legs were numb.  Twenty minutes later, the debris having fairly well settled, Kuchinsky aided Chas over the car; and all crawled through the passageway into a safe section of the mine.  Chas recovered.  Skibitski and Kuchinsky were bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for their bravery.  Source document 1 External Link  Source document 2 PDF Format
FEB 1943 Smith No. 3 Mine Explosion, Carbon County, Montana — As told in the book "Red Lodge Saga of a Western Area" by Shirley Zupan and Harry J. Owens, three miners were rescued from the Smith No. 3 mine disaster.  At the time of the explosion, Alex Hawthorne, Willard Reid and Eli Houtonen felt unusual pressure in their ears with no sound.  A terrible wind came at them from inside the mine, blowing debris.  Hawthorne reached a phone and sent word that something was wrong, and that he was coming out.  He was then overcome by gas.  Reid and Houtonen were knocked off their feet by the force of the wind.  Reid managed to get up and tried to waken Houtonen.  Guided by Reid's lamp, rescue men found the three and took them above ground.  The three survived the explosion; 74 others did not.
DEC 1942 Consolidation Coal Mine No. 32 Cave-in, Shinnston, West Virginia — A slate fall at the number 32 mine of the Consolidation Coal Company trapped five miners for 11 hours.  The rescue crew needed to dig thru 90 feet of slate and earth.  The men, George Horsey, Henry Mullinaex, Louis Mazza, Walter Watson and Carl Debarr were not injured although exhausted by the ordeal.  Faint tappings on the shaft walls encouraged the rescuers all day until a hole was drilled into the chamber where they were trapped and the trapped miners took turns talking to the rescue squads.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1942 West Kentucky No. 10 Mine Explosion, Providence, Kentucky — Following the West Kentucky No. 10 explosion, the rescue party headed by District Mine Inspector James Fugate brought out nine trapped miners after an undisclosed period.  They were unable to reach six other victims in time to save their lives.
SEP 1942 Edy Creek Colliery Cave-in, Olyphant, Pennsylvania — Peter Partonova, 24, was rescued from behind a 50-foot wall of rock 700 feet below the earth’s surface.  He was confined there for 15 hours.   Partonova was working in a chamber a mile and a half from the base of the Edy Creek Colliery shaft when the rock roof collapsed.  Partonova shouted directions to a rescue squad of 25 men all through the night.  He was without food, but had water and lights, which were dimming as he was released.  He was transported to the Mid-Valley Hospital where he was being treated for shock.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1942 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Raven Run, Pennsylvania — John Mischishin, 47, Frackville, was trapped and entombed in a bootleg mine slope at Raven Run for 23 hours.  The miner was working at the bottom of a 53-foot slope when the timbers collapsed.  When the break came the timbers formed a partial canopy over the worker to protect him from crumbling rock, coal and earth.  When the collapse occurred, the trapped miner was buried to the hips, while a piece of rock knocked off his miner’s cap and lamp.  He hugged the side of the canopy formed by collapsed timbers until the rescuers removed tons of debris before they were able to extricate the entombed man.  Upon his release, physicians at Ashland State Hospital said Mischishin suffered hip and back injuries and was in a severe state of shock, but they anticipated his recovery.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1942 Bankston Creek Colliery Cave-in, Harrisburg, Illinois — When Denny Moore, shotfirer at the Bankston Creek Collieries company mine failed to show up at the wash house at the end of the shift, fellow workmen started a search and found him buried under six feet of dirt.  Moore’s groans led the searchers to the spot where loose earth had caved in when he stepped upon it.  He was taken to a hospital for treatment for shock and an injured back.  Source document PDF Format
Unnamed Renton Mine Cave-in, Renton, Washington — Two miners were rescued from a coal mine gallery 350 feet underground where they had been trapped for 56 hours by a cave-in.  Hungry, but evidently unhurt, the miners, Archie Skiver, 40, and Robert Stonack, 20, were freed through a tunnel dug around the slide.  They came through the tunnel unassisted but were taken to a hospital for observation.  The only food they had was what rescue workers had been able to send down a 60-foot two-inch pipe driven to a point near the men.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1942 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — Louis Bogetti, 32, was rescued from a 350-foot bootleg coal mine in which he lay trapped and partially buried for 38 hours.  Bogetti said that when the fall occurred, he dove beneath a chute for protection, but was unable to pull in his legs before they were pinned.  He said he lay face down until rescued, unable to move.  Bogetti was transported to the State hospital where doctors said he suffered nothing worse than bruises of the legs and a shoulder.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1942 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — Charles King, 48, one of two miners rescued from a bootleg mine after being trapped 12 hours following a cave-in, died from injuries at the Coaldale Hospital.  His death resulted from internal injuries, a broken arm and shock. His partner, Raymond Herring, 40, sustained only minor injuries.  Both had been pinned from the waist down by coal and debris 125 feet below the surface and had watched helplessly as rescuers dug toward them.  Three other men were working in the tunnel of the old Dunkelberger colliery working when a set of supporting timbers collapsed, causing the cave-in.  They escaped and spread an alarm.  The working was abandoned about 50 years ago.  Ten miners from the Lehigh Navigation Coal Company and an equal number of volunteers worked throughout most of the night to save the men.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1942 Teddy the mule was rescued following an 8-day entrapment after a roof fall occurred in the Cracker Jack mine near Boulder, Colorado.  Teddy survived the ordeal by nibbling on bark from pine roof props and drinking from pools of water in the damp mine.  The owner, Joe Robertson, turned Teddy out to pasture to rest for a month following his ordeal.  Source document External Link

Timothy by Rupert Holmes
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FEB 1942 Unnamed Mine Cave-in, Mecur, Utah — Three miners were rescued after 49 hours of imprisonment behind a mud slide that blocked the mouth of the tunnel where they had been working.  The men, Mark and Max Jorgenson and William Peterson blinked at the sunlight as they emerged and told of "just waiting" while their rescuers drilled thru a rock wall to reach them.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1942 Wadge Mine Explosion, Mt. Harris, Colorado — Four miners who were working nearer the entrance were rescued after an undisclosed period.  These men included Joe Gall, Bill Fickle, Elmer Everson and Mike Atansoff.
NOV 1941 Davis Coal and Coke Mine No. 25, Thomas, West Virginia — A localized explosion occurred in this mine.  Three men were killed by asphyxiation and burns and one man who was rescued from the explosion area was resuscitated.  The ignition was caused by opening a non-permissible flame safety lamp by a fire boss in the presence of an explosive mixture of methane and air near the face of the working place.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1941 Daniel Boone Mine Explosion, Daniel Boone, Kentucky — 34 rescued miners were brought to the surface by way of an air shaft within two hours after the explosion.  Four other survivors were able to leave through the main entrance before it was filled by gas.
SEP 1941 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Brady, Pennsylvania — A crew of independent miners labored four hours before freeing Charles Madden, who was trapped in a bootleg coal mine near Brady, Pennsylvania.  The accident victim at first was thought to be seriously injured, but after being examined at Shamokin Hospital was allowed to return to his home.  He sustained bruises of the legs.  Fellow workmen said Madden was trapped by a fall of rock and that he was covered to the waist.  Working carefully, a rescue crew succeeding in extricating Madden without causing further falls.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1941 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — Trapped for eight hours in his coal hole near the highway between Mahanoy City and Delano, Peter Gerasinovich, 43, was rescued, but died five hours later at the Locust Mountain Hospital.  He suffered internal injuries when struck by part of the fall.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — Peter Benson, 47, was rescued alive after he was entombed for several hours in a bootleg mine operation near Mahanoy City.  The miner was at work at the face of the gangway when the workings closed in back of him.  Fellow miners formed a rescue party and it was first believed Benson was crushed to death under the fall.  After a time, workmen heard him tapping and still later engaged with them in conversation.  He hid himself in back of a ledge while rescuers continued the removal of coal, rock and earth.  The man was not injured.  Source document PDF Format
Kent No. 2 Mine Cave-in, McIntyre, Pennsylvania — A fall of rock in the Kent No. 2 mine of the Rochester and Pittsburgh Coal Company near McIntyre injured one miner and trapped three others for 5½ hours.  Edward Brink, 23, was caught by the outside edge of the fall just as the men were ready to quit work and leave the mine.  He was extricated after three hours of rescue work and was rushed to the hospital suffering from possible fractures of the left hip and right foot.  Two and one-half hours later, crews succeeded in clearing an opening to the other three miners trapped by the fall.  They were uninjured.  The three men were John T. Wysocki, 27; Gerald S. Swan, 54; and Fred Fogle, 30.  This was the first day of employment with the R. & P. Coal Company for Mr. Fogle.  All four men in the room were working as conveyor loaders.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1941 Ridgeway Darby Mine Fire, Harlan, Kentucky — Eighteen miners were rescued after being trapped by fire for 17 hours in a Ridgeway Darby Coal Company mine near Harlan, Kentucky.  The men were brought to the surface by rescue squads.  The men were shaken but none seriously injured.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1941 Oregon Gold Mine Cave-in, Boulder, Colorado — Buried by a cave-in at the Oregon gold mine after almost eight hours of frantic effort by fellow employees and volunteer rescue squads, Bernard Meyring, 60, was rescued and recovering at a hospital from exposure and minor injuries, but apparently no broken bones.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Asphyxiation, Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania — Dominick Cardosa, 29, was rescued from a bootleg coal hole after he had been overcome by black damp.  Unconscious when admitted to the Ashland State Hospital, Cardosa, was reported greatly improved.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1941 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Centralia, Pennsylvania — Lawrence Burns, 45, was rescued after an undisclosed period from a mountain coal hole where he and a younger companion were trapped by a cave-in.  Hope for saving his companion, Joseph Loftus, 18, was virtually abandoned.  Burns was taken to a hospital suffering from severe shock.  The two were caught behind a wall of coal and debris while driving a horizontal shaft.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Asphyxiation, Branchdale, Pennsylvania — Albert Gudinas, 26, was rescued alive after an undisclosed period from a gas-filled coal hole at Branchdale by the heroic effort of his brother, Joseph.  The brothers were engaged in pumping water from their slope when Albert entered the mine to replenish the supply of gasoline in the engine operating the pump.  When the brother failed to reappear, Joseph entered the mine to find him unconscious, victim of carbon monoxide.  Summoning other miners, it was with difficulty they made their way into the gas-filled operation and conveyed the unconscious Albert Gudinas to the surface and eventually to the Pottsville Hospital.  Surgeons at the hospital administered oxygen and stimulation and after a time revived Gudinas.  Source document PDF Format
Kehoe-Berge Coal Mine Cave-in, Duryea, Pennsylvania — Shock was believed to have contributed to the death of Stephen Olenik, 45-year-old Duryea miner.  Olenik died at Pittston Hospital from injuries suffered April 30 when he was trapped for twelve hours in a cave-in at the Kehoe-Berge Coal Company mine.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1941 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Coaldale, Pennsylvania — Pinned by the legs in a small chute off a gangway of a bootleg mine hole, William Kellet, 20, was released by fellow workers after an undisclosed period and removed to the Coaldale State Hospital.  He was reported in "fair" condition.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1941 John Ryan, 28, died shortly after he had been rescued from a "bootleg" coal mine near Pottsville, Pennsylvania in which he had been trapped for 48 hours.  Joseph Slane, 30, who was trapped with Ryan was rescued after a third miner, Vincent Burns, had spread the alarm.  Source document External Link
Pitha Mine Cave-in, Carbondale, Pennsylvania — Pinned by a rock fall, Peter Kobat, 55, was rescued by diggers who had worked in relays for five hours.  Doctors, who had administered stimulants to Kobat as he lay imprisoned up to his waist in fallen rock, said the miner would recover.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1940 No. 4 Mine Explosion, Beckley, West Virginia — Soon after the explosion in the No. 4 mine, five men were brought out and taken to hospitals.  The injured included Albert Wade, Harry Sexton, Joe Saunders, Roy Hill, and John Dalton.  Physicians said Sexton may die but the others would probably recover.
Kent No. 2 Mine Cave-in, McIntyre, Pennsylvania — Five Indiana County miners looked back upon a New Year's they avowed was the happiest they have ever known.  After spending 18 hours at the very door of death, being imprisoned deep in the earth by a rock fall, they were rescued unharmed in time to spend New Year’s Eve with loved ones they never expected to see again.  The men were trapped in a heading three miles below the mouth of the Kent No. 2 Mine of the Rochester & Pittsburgh Coal Company near McIntyre.  Thirteen companions escaped and summoned fellow miners to dig through a 700-foot collapsed section to reach them.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1940 Penn-Anthracite Collieries Company Cave-in, Scranton, Pennsylvania — Julius Yankowski was rescued after spending 49 hours trapped by a cave-in in a mine operated by the Penn-Anthracite Collieries Company near Scranton, Pennsylvania.  His companion, James Long, was found dead when reached by rescuers.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1940 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — Two hard-coal miners, rescued after being trapped 65 hours in a mountain coal hole, related from hospital beds how they calmly wound their watches and waited minute by minute for death they thought was certain.  The plight of William Goodman, 60, and William Burke, 28, finally became so desperate that a priest administered last rites through a one-inch pipe rescue workers had driven down to the imprisoned men, 90 feet below the earth’s surface.  What amounted to a miracle for the miners came when the rescue squad tunneled through to a cramped gallery where they had been trapped by a fall of debris that choked the mine entrance.  "I'm all right," was all Burke could say as he stumbled to a waiting ambulance.  Goodman was carried out on a stretcher.  Both were near collapse from cold, hunger and foul air.  Source document PDF Format
Golden Key Mine Asphyxiations, Mariposa, California — Four miners overcome by gas fumes were rescued from the Golden Key mine in the Whitlock mining district when a fifth member of the group managed to get to the surface to summon help.  A rescue crew of 20 men entered the workings and brought the four men to the surface after an undisclosed period.  The men overcome were Lyon C. Gray, president of the Western Mining Association; Joe Gray, manager of the Golden Key Mine; Paul Mills, Elwyn Lund and Pedro Cosmond.  Mills managed to get to the surface and get help.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1940 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Branchdale, Pennsylvania — Two Pine Grove miners were rescued alive yesterday after being trapped 15 hours in a bootleg mine operation near Branchdale.  James Kimmerling, 50, and Rep Batz, 32, were found uninjured but suffering greatly from cold and shock after they had been trapped in cramped quarters following the fall of many tons of coal.  The two miners were working in a gangway 20 feet in from the bottom of a shaft when the bottom fell out of their working place when it was driven into old workings.  As the bottom dropped, the mine collapsed.  Kimmerling and Batz stepped to a narrow ledge and clung there while rescuers worked 15 long hours to remove debris, place timber and reopen the workings to reach the trapped who aided by directing activities of the rescuers.  Veteran miners who assisted in timbering the old workings and driving a new tunnel to reach the men marveled they escaped with their lives.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1940 Sonman "E" Mine Explosion, Portage, Pennsylvania — Some of the survivors of the blast were slightly burned by the hot air that rolled through the mine.  Thirteen of them came out of the 18th heading and eight escaped from the 16th heading.  Edward Bem, one of these survivors, said the men crawled on their hands and knees and finally made their way to the 'dip' where they were rescued after an undisclosed period.
MAY 1940 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — Joseph Nolan, 47, was in a serious condition in Ashland Hospital with head, back and internal injuries suffered under a fall in a bootleg mine operation near his home.  Nolan was engaged in dressing down shattered coal in the working place when the top broke, almost completely burying the miner.  He was rescued by fellow workers after an undisclosed period and taken at once to the hospital.  Source document PDF Format
Walker Mine Explosion and Fire, Walker Mine, California — Ross Nicely, 45, was the last of three miners rescued from the burning Walker mine.  Two other men were brought to safety earlier.  Trapped for 7½ hours, Mr. Nicely emerged from the mine with a rescue crew consisting of seven Grass Valley miners and three company men.  The crew was the second to go into the shafts after the explosion and fire were discovered.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1940 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — Edward Forbes, 29, suffered multiple injuries after having been buried by a rock fall for more than two hours in a bootleg coal mine.  Forbes, who was buried about 50 feet from the mine entrance, was treated for shock, body contusions, possible rib fractures, and lacerations of the hands and feet.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Anthony Dziezyk, 24, was rescued alive from a perilous position in a collapsed bootleg mine working 300 feet below the surface of the Turkey Run Mountain, south of Shenandoah.  The youthful miner was working 300 feet down the slope when the rib pushed out, trapping him under debris and covering him to the waist.  Dziezyk was alone in the slope, engaged in loading a wagon when the rush occurred.  Yanking hard on the signal wire to apprise fellow workers on the surface that all was not well, the signal was misunderstood, and Joseph Michalkewicz, in charge of the engine ... an improvised automobile motor ... tried to hoist the wagon.  When he was unable to do so he realized something was wrong and descended half-way down the slope to learn from Dziezyk that he was trapped and threatened with death.  For nearly five hours rescuers worked cautiously as they held back the rock with timber until they were able to release the young miner, who was in constant pain and suffering greatly from shock.  After the timbers had been installed and rock lifted out of the slope to release young Dziezyk, he was placed in a wagon and hoisted to the surface.  An ambulance and physicians from Locust Mountain Hospital were in waiting, gave first aid and hurried the accident victim to the hospital, where examination revealed severe abdominal injuries, extensive contusions of both legs and the patient in severe state of shock.  The hospital indicated the youth was expected to recover.  Source document PDF Format
Mattie Gold Mine Cave-in, Idaho Springs, Colorado — Imprisoned 13 hours by a cave-in at the Mattie Gold Mine, Jack Ward, 25, was rescued uninjured.  Ward was made a prisoner in a six-foot-square hole when a 20-foot wall of rock and dirt crashed down from the tunnel’s celling while he and two others were replacing old timbering yesterday.  He was trapped about 600 feet from the entrance of the mine.  When the cave-in occurred Ward jumped one way and his fellow workers, Albert Harrison and Oscar Hyman, jumped the other.  They escaped imprisonment and gave the alarm.  A rescue crew of 20 men worked in relays, three at a time, to reach Ward in the narrow tunnel.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1940 Willow Grove No. 10 Mine Explosion — An explosion in this mine resulted in the death of 72 miners.  Twenty-two others were overcome by afterdamp, rescued and taken to the surface.  Seventy-nine uninjured men were temporarily imprisoned and rescued five hours later.  Investigators believe that the explosion was caused by the firing of a shot charged with black powder.
Maust Mine Cave-in, Stoystown, Pennsylvania — Five miners trapped for eight hours in a small domestic coal mine were freed uninjured by rescue crews who tunneled 30 feet through a rock fall to reach them.  The men, Orrin Dunmier and his son, Roy; and William McVicker and his two sons, Robert and Peter, were trapped by the rockfall in the Maust Mine, a small shaft operated by Dunmier and producing coal only for domestic purposes.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1940 Independent Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania — Frank Ostroski, 37, was rescued after being trapped for 49½ hours in a cave-in on the property of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company.  Frank’s brother Boley, 26, was rescued 14½ hours earlier and suffered a broken left leg, a fracture of the left arm, and also suffered from shock.  The independent mine where the brothers were trapped, located on Lehigh Valley Coal Company ground, is in the old Morris Ridge section of the abandoned Sayre Colliery workings.  The Ostroski brothers and Thomas Reiner, 21, Mt. Carmel, were in a heading about thirty-five feet from the slope when the accident occurred.  The men were engaged in shifting coal with scoop shovels in relays, when the sides of the heading caved in.  The falling material knocked the shovel from Reiner's hands, completely covered Boley and entombed Frank Ostroski.  Reiner, who barely escaped being caught by the falling material and unable to rescue his buddies single-handed, raced back to town for help.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1940 Unnamed Gold Mine Rescue, Grants Pass, Oregon — Rescuers transported Ray Fountain, injured gold miner, to a hospital after crossing the swollen Illinois river via a 370-foot rope bridge.  Fountain, struck by a rolling boulder, suffered a broken leg and crushed ribs.  A miner named Carlson in the rescue party solved the crossing by twirling a weighted fish line across the raging stream.  Fountain's partner, Fred Voight, pulled a rope over with the line and the makeshift bridge was fashioned.  Fountain had been isolated from medical attention for more than a day because the high water made it impossible for rescuers to cross the stream.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1939 Leggett's Creek Colliery Fall of Person, North Scranton, Pennsylvania — Albert Owens, 17, was recovering from injuries and exposure after a fall down a deep shaft at the Leggett's Creek Colliery of the Penn Anthracite Company near his North Scranton home.  He finally was rescued and brought to the surface after he had clung to bracing timbers that had broken his fall.  If he had lost his hold, police said, he would have plunged 700 feet to certain death.  Young Owens and his brother, Frank, 15, were playing near the mine entrance, when Albert dropped down the chasm.  The brother ran to a house a half-mile away and State Motor Police were notified.  Patrolman John Owens first attempted to rescue the youth but the rope was too short.  A ladder then was placed across the shaft and with a longer rope Nicholas Williams descended and was pulled up with young Owens.  Officials were informed there were no guard rails at the shaft.  The victim was removed to Scranton State Hospital with a broken right leg, possible internal injuries.  He suffered from exposure in the bitter cold in the mine shaft before his rescue.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1939 Butterfield Canyon Mine Cave-in, Bingham, Utah — Keith Brown, 28, died in the Bingham hospital of a broken neck suffered in a mine cave-in.  The victim's brother, Burl Brown, 32, was in fairly good condition.  He suffered several broken ribs in the same accident.  Officials of the Combined Metals Reduction Company said the cave-in occurred in a slope of the company's Butterfield Canyon mine when timbering gave way while the two men were working.  Both men were almost completely buried under timbers and earth and were rescued with difficulty.  Burl Brown aided his rescue by crawling out of his hip-length rubber boots, but it was almost two more hours before his brother was extricated.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1939 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Sheppton, Pennsylvania — Faust Bertie, 37, of Sheppton, was caught by a fall of coal and rock in an independent coal hole about 4 miles west of Sheppton, and was rescued a half hour later.  He was given first aid treatment and then directed to enter the State Hospital for observation.  His injuries were not regarded as serious.  Bertie’s plight was discovered by Adolph Ferrari, of Sheppton, who was walking by and heard the victim’s moans.  Help was immediately summoned and the rescue was affected by 4 more miners.  Source document PDF Format
Wanamie Colliery Cave-in, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — Five mine workers caught behind a fall of roof yesterday in the Wanamie colliery, of the Glen Alden Coal Company, tapped an alarm by way of pipes and were rescued uninjured.  The fall cut off the gangway of a slope and the five men were trapped back of the fall.  The alarm signals given on water pipes were heard on the surface and within a short time a rescuing force started the work of clearing away the fall.  While the rescuers worked, they kept up conversation with the trapped men, who were rescued after having been imprisoned about four hours.  The trapped men were: Edward Makowski, assistant mine foreman; Stanley Symolzak, miner; his son, Edward, laborer; Edward McCloskev, miner; and Edward Wozniak.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — Leon Landau, 38, was rescued alive after being entombed 10 hours in a narrow rock hole of the small mine he operated with Clarence Haertter.  Following his rescue. Landau was taken to Shamokin Hospital, where surgeons said his right side was partially paralyzed.  He was also suffering from shock.  Surgeons said the injured man's condition was ''fair,'' and that barring the unexpected, he had a good chance for recovery.  Source document PDF Format
Unnamed Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — Rescue crews freed six miners two hours after they were trapped behind a rock fall deep in an anthracite mine.  None was seriously injured.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1939 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Good Springs, Pennsylvania — John Carl, 30, was rescued from the bottom of a 400-foot coal hole where he was trapped the night before by a rock fall.  He was not injured and went to his home after being hoisted to the surface by friends who worked throughout the night.  They found him huddled in the safety of a passageway that branched off from the bottom of the slope at a forty-five-degree angle.  The mishap occurred in an abandoned colliery a mile from Carl’s home town of Good Springs.  A companion, Homer Smith, 45, scrambled to safety and summoned aid.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Greenbury, Pennsylvania — Raymond Levashausky, 21, was rescued tonight from a "bootleg" coal hole six hours after it collapsed on him.  The trapped miner sustained life and avoided injury by clinging to a pocket in the side of the shaft.  A companion, working at the surface, brought aid.  The accident occurred at Greenbury, Pennsylvania, five miles from Pottsville.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1939 Duvin Mine Explosion, Providence, Kentucky — Five of the men in the explosion area escaped, 4 being slightly cut and bruised.  A trip rider standing near a telephone at a parting was knocked down but received no injuries; he called the top foreman and then helped two injured men out of the smoke and fumes to a place where a locomotive was sent to bring them to the shaft.  Two of the rescued, Ernest Johnson and Douglas Cates, had been caught beneath the fallen walls, Dennis Walker, was not hurt.  William Reynolds, who had been working near the shaft was injured.
JUN 1939 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — A young, free-lance miner, freed from a makeshift coal hole after having been trapped for eleven hours, died in the hospital of shock and injuries.  Leonard Reidinger, 21, was in serious condition from the exposure when he was rescued from his underground prison.  Reidinger was trapped the day before by a fall of earth and timbers in the "slope mine" at nearby Klondike mountain.  Rescuers were able to free his head almost at once, but they worked gingerly throughout the day to extricate the remainder of his body.  The youth was working at the slope mine when the fall occurred.  His father and two brothers were busy at the coal hole with him and directed the rescue work.  Reidinger was pinned about fifty feet from the opening of the hole.  As rescue work progressed, he was given hypodermic injections and retained consciousness, directing the activities of his rescuers.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1939 Robert Galligan was rescued from a "bootleg" anthracite mine near Shenandoah, Pennsylvania after a cave-in trapped him in the mine for 65 hours.  During the rescue, he was heard joking and singing.  Source document External Link
Rescuers worked for 15 hours to free 60-year-old Joseph Babatsky after a fall of clay in a "bootleg" anthracite coal mine near Shenandoah in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania.  Thirty rescuers began the work shortly after the fall and as they neared him, he instructed them how to proceed.  Source document External Link
Star of Utah Tunnel Cave-in, Keetley, Utah — After being trapped for nine hours by a cave-in of the Star of Utah tunnel, eight men were rescued.  The Star of Utah tunnel, owned by the New Park Mining Company, was being used by the Park City Utah Mines Company as a means of egress to its workings.  It is a little more than eight miles southwest from Keetley and about three miles in an airline east from Park City.  It is reached by a high, winding road. None of the eight men trapped was injured, and a statement from the company said they suffered only the inconvenience of awaiting discovery.  Discovery of the cave-in was made by miners returning from their work in the Wasatch tunnel.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1939 Abandoned Mine Rescue, Coalburg, Alabama — This rescue involves a most unlikely pair that became lost in an abandoned mine in Coalburg, Alabama.  Cecil Morgan was apprehended and taken into custody when he was found operating a still a quarter of a mile underground.  Deputy Sheriff Jim McAdory had captured Morgan and while attempting to make their way to the surface, the pair became lost.  More than 100 officers and miners spread through the workings in search for the two men and found them resting on a mud bank after being confined for 18 hours in the mine, much of the time in total darkness.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Asphyxiation, Centralia, Pennsylvania — Manuel Alves, 28, was overcome by gas or blackdamp while working in a bootleg mine was in a critical condition when rescued by fellow miners.  Alves was taken to Ashland State Hospital, where surgeons administered oxygen and stimulation.  The miner was revived, and while his condition was critical, he was expected to recover.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1939 Crown King Mine Cave-in, Prescott, Arizona — Ben Whipple was rescued from his entombment of more than 11 hours from the 500-foot level of the Crown King mine.  He was in critical condition.  Whipple was buried by a cave-in in an old tunnel.  The rescue crew was composed of several men who escaped the cave-in by less than 10 feet.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1939 Nineteen miners were rescued from the Clinton Coal Company’s Crown Hill No. 6 Mine Fire near Clinton, Indiana after being trapped there for 10 hours.  Rescuers waded water waist-deep through another tunnel, abandoned for 20 years, broke down a barrier and reached the men from behind.
South Comstock Silver Mine Cave-in, Virginia City, Nevada — George Peterson, 35, was rescued after being trapped for 12 hours when a cave-in occurred in the old South Comstock mine.  He was suffering only from shock and had to be carried out of the mine on a stretcher.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Newkirk, Pennsylvania — Joseph Franks was rescued from a bootleg coal hole after being trapped for approximately 10 hours.  He was taken to the Coaldale Hospital where he was treated for exposure.  Franks was entombed together with two companions, Edward and George Weidel, who were rescued a short time following the accident.  Rescue workers were impeded in their work by a heavy fall of snow but maintained a constant working crew despite the weather.  Source document PDF Format
Hazleton Shaft Colliery Cave-in, Hazleton, Pennsylvania — Two miners trapped for nearly — 19 hours — were rescued from the Hazleton Shaft Colliery of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company in Hazleton, Pennsylvania.  To free the miners, rescuers cut a new 4x4 hole driven parallel to the rock hole.  Both miners were able to walk out of the place where they had been imprisoned and were taken to the State Hospital where they were reported to be in good condition.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1938 Butte King Mine Cave-in, Sterling City, California — Trapped two days in a mine cave-in, Bruno Rhinehardt, 39, was rescued from a "living death" and rushed to Butte county hospital suffering serious injuries.  Rhinehardt was imprisoned by a cave-in at the Butte King mine at Sterling City, a mountain town 30 miles east of Chico.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Maryd, Pennsylvania — Frank Morzarko was rescued by nearby miners after being entombed 40 feet beneath the surface for two hours.  The 50-year-old miner had been working in a bootleg coal hole operated by John Blonis at Maryd, near Tuscarora, when he was caught in a fall of coal and dirt.  Other miners nearby rushed to liberate the entombed man.  They were assisted in this work by investigating officers of the Tamaqua detail, State Motor Police.  Rescue workers dug through from another bootleg hole to reach him and bring him to the surface two hours later.  The man suffered only from shock.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1938 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Two miners, William Bokuniewicz, 52, and Joseph Comisky, 18, were rescued 40 hours after they were trapped in a bootleg Anthracite mine cave-in at Shenandoah, Pennsylvania.  Hospital attaches said both were in fine shape but were being guarded against pneumonia.  Source document PDF Format
Nydegger Mine Cave-in, Mill Creek, West Virginia — Freed after eight hours of work by their comrades, two miners who were trapped under a big rock were in serious condition in an Elkins hospital.  Attendants said they doubted if Samuel Jenkins, 35, would recover.  Ralph Starr, 26, was severely but not critically hurt, they said.  The men were hurt in the Nydegger mine, near Mill Creek.  Source document PDF Format
Lehigh Navigation Mine No. 6 Cave-in, Coaldale, Pennsylvania — Two men were rescued alive from beneath a rush of coal in a chute on the fourth level of the No. 6 mine of the Lehigh Navigation Coal Company.  The accident victims, Michael Rock and Frank Byer, were engaged in placing plank in the chute when the rush occurred.  Rock was completely covered and Byer was covered to the shoulders.  Rescuers worked from 11:00 in the morning until 2:00 in the afternoon (3 hours) when they freed Rock, and an hour later (4 hours) succeeded in freeing Byer.  Both men were able to walk from the workings and physicians said they had escaped serious injuries.  Rock, who had been covered, told rescuers his head was protected between two large lumps of coal, permitting him to breathe.  Byer's head was free at all times.  Both men refused to go to Coaldale Hospital for physical checkups, declaring they had escaped injuries and did not suffer any material evidence of shock.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1938 Lilly Meade Mine Rescue, Owensburg, Kentucky — Dolar Johnson, 54, was rescued after being lost for four days in the Lilly Meade Company mine.  Johnson, a miner of 25-years’ experience, became lost when his carbide light went out.  He suffered no ill effects from being without food and water for that period.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1938 Oneida No. 1 Colliery Cave-in, Oneida, Pennsylvania — Andrew Kakley, 66, was rescued uninjured three hours after he was trapped behind a fall of coal and rock in the No. 13 east slope of No. 1 Colliery at Oneida, operated by the Maurie F. Coal Company.  He was working with John Polegra and Steve Roble, both of whom were able to crawl to safety through an air hole.  Their exit, however, which was on a steep pitch, was too much for the older member of the trio to navigate.  Kakley was rescued by Andrew Mehalick.  Source document PDF Format
Phelps Dodge Mine Cave-in, Bisbee, Arizona — Thomas A. Hightower, 50, was recovering in Copper Queen Hospital after having been entombed for twelve hours by the collapse of timbers in the 900-foot level of the Phelps Dodge Mine.  Hightower was working alone in the shaft, timbering a tunnel when a supporting wall gave way.  Rescue crews dug him out unconscious.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1938 Shawnee Mine No. 4 Cave-in, Peckville, Pennsylvania — Four miners were trapped for almost nine hours after a cave-in occurred in the No. 4 slope of the Shawnee Coal Company at Peckville, Pennsylvania.  The cave-in occurred when a runaway loaded coal car demolished mine props at the mine entrance.  The four miners were treated for shock at the Mid-Valley Hospital.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1938 Praco No. 7 Rock Fall Disaster — A roof fall occurred in this mine, trapping nine men, three of whom were rescued alive, severely shocked, with minor injuries.  One rescued alive, died, probably from shock, en route to the surface, and the remaining five bodies were dead when recovered.
Five miners, buried alive for more than 48 hours following a cave-in at the Veta silver mine at Duncan, Arizona were brought safely to the surface by rescue crews.  The entombed men were Alfred Gillenwater, G. C. Robinson, D. H. Grissom, E. D. Wright, and Albert Carlson.  Source document External Link
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — Michael Shurpenski, 45, recuperated in the Shamokin State Hospital after being saved from death in a mountain coal hole where he was entombed for nearly an hour.  He was rescued by WPA workers employed on a nearby road project.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1938 Butler Slope Explosion, Pittston, Pennsylvania — Rescuers were successful in bringing six miners to the surface after an undisclosed period.  Seriously injured were John Waskiewicz and Peter Morgantini.  They were treated at the Pittston Hospital for skull fractures and severe burns.  Others hurt were Warner Posdzich, Peter Wasluk, Patrick Nardone, and Joseph Lusto.  Lusto was the only one who reached the surface unaided.  Clutching an injured wrist, he staggered out of the mouth.  His wife, screaming, darted from the crowd and into his arms.
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Ashland, Pennsylvania — A father and son, trapped for two days in a makeshift Anthracite mine were freed by rescuers.  A physician said both Peter Shinskowsky, 48, and Peter, Jr., 17, appeared to be in good condition.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1938 Oliver Jones Mine Hoisting Accident, Commerce, Oklahoma — While being hoisted out of the old Oliver Jones Mine in a bucket, the cable snapped and Bill Sholtz and Dick Kelton plummeted to the 200-foot level causing an avalanche.  Mr. Sholtz and his fellow passenger were hemmed in and crushed by rocks.  Both Mr. Kelton's legs were broken.  Writhing in agony, the men did not give up hope.  They prayed for a swift rescue.  It came two and a half hours later.  Men summoned by the hoist operator dug them out and carried them to the surface.  Mr. Sholtz died in a Miami, Oklahoma hospital two hours after his rescue.  Mr. Kelton was on serious condition.  The rescuers' work did not end when the two men were taken out.  Trapped with them at the 200-foot level were four other men.  With the hoist shattered and the shaft entrance blocked, their one avenue of escape was blocked.  They huddled together in the darkness while men from nearby mines flocked with picks and shovels to aid in the rescue work.  The rescuers finally dug through an abandoned slope connecting with the Oliver Jones mine and carried out the trapped men.  The mine, abandoned years before as "played out ," had been rented by the seven men who manned it.  Through makeshift operations, they sought to eke a living out of the abandoned property.  The practice was known as "gouging" and was common in the tri-state zone.  The bucket and the initial avalanche struck and killed Fred R. Rosson.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1938 Oliver Busby, 49, mine foreman, saved Coleman Burrell, 25, trackman's helper, from bleeding and a cave-in in a mine, Birmingham, Alabama, March 28, 1938.  When runaway mine cars in a coal-mine collided with standing cars, Burrell was knocked to his knees between the ends of two cars, the car’s coming to a stop after one of them had dislodged two roof supports.  The roof began slowly to sag above Burrell. Burrell's leg was caught under a car and was fractured; and an artery was severed, from which blood spurted.  Busby crawled under the sagging roof to Burrell.  Lying on his side in a confined space on the floor, he pressed the artery, stopping the flow of blood almost entirely.  He was thus engaged for 10 minutes, all the time regarding the sagging roof with apprehension.  The car was then raised, and Burrell was carried to safety.  A very short time later roof timbers came to rest on the car alongside of which Busby had lain; and a large rock slid down on it, followed by a fall of small rock.  Burrell's leg later was amputated. Oliver Busby was given the Carnegie Hero award for his bravery.  Source document External Link
FEB 1938 Lehigh Valley Mine Inundation, Jeanesville, Pennsylvania — Seven out of eight miners were rescued after being trapped for 18 hours in the flooded Lehigh Valley Coal Company mine at Jeanesville.  The eighth man, Paul Kuritz was found dead.  The rescued men were Michael Olexa, Joseph Fidishin, Stephen Stefranko, John Lavaraski, Andrew Havrilla, William Davis, and Paul Molnar.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1938 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Minersville, Pennsylvania — George Todack was rescued from a bootleg coal hole he was entombed in a for several hours.  He was transported to the Pottsville Hospital, suffering with a possible fracture of the left leg, shock and exposure. His condition was listed as fair.  Source document PDF Format
South Wilkes-Barre Colliery Cave-in, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — Michael Samhoski, 22, was rescued quickly after an undisclosed period after he was buried under a fall of rock in the South Wilkes-Barre Colliery of the Glen Alden Coal Company.  He was taken to General Hospital, where he was treated for lacerations of his scalp, neck, face, left eyebrow and nose.  Source document PDF Format
Marriott Farm Mine Cave-in, Versailles, Missouri — William June, 19, was rescued alive after being buried for hours when a cave-in in a tiff mine covered him and 50-year-old Orb Marriott.  Marriott was found dead.  June and Marriott were working the small mine on Marriott's farm when the clay and dirt of a sidewall rolled down upon them.  June was in a waist-deep hole he had dug and said he believed this saved his life as he was able to get air.  Marriott died from suffocation.  Ray Jones, 15, erroneously reported trapped in the slide, was the youth who discovered the men were imprisoned and who spread the alarm which brought scores of miners and farmers to the rough Ozark farm of Marriott.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1937 Briar Hill Mine Rescue, Pinckneyville, Illinois — Lawrence Lee, a 28-year-old bookkeeper, was led to safety after being lost for 41 hours in the Briar Hill workings near Pinckneyville, Illinois.  He had gone into the mine to explore some new workings and bring out some empty powder kegs.  On his way out he miscounted the rooms he had passed and somehow got lost.  His clothing ripped and his legs torn and bleeding, he wandered around in the dark until he ended up in the nearby Beaucoups No. 6 mine, whose fans were operating.  Feeling the air current on his face, he following it in the dark until he reached an air shaft where he shouted for help and was rescued.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1937 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Mt. Carmel, Pennsylvania — Rescue workers freed the second of three bootleg miners trapped Friday by a cave-in in a makeshift mine slope near the Potts colliery of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company.  After an undisclosed period, Charles Ruganis, 34, was taken to a hospital in a serious condition with a fractured arm and a possible fracture of the pelvis.  He was also suffering from shock. John Plichesski, 29, died soon after he was brought to the top of the slope the night before.  Charles Bolinski, 55, remained in the mine.  He had not been heard from since the cave-in occurred.  Source document PDF Format
Lytle Colliery Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Two miners were saved from death in the Lytle Colliery where they had been imprisoned for more than twenty-four hours.  Rescue crews, working in relays, rescued Harry Hunter, 44, and Albert Muraski, 34, after tunneling through many tons of rock and coal on the fourth level.  They were taken to a Pottsville hospital for observation.  Physicians said their condition was not serious but that they would be detained until all danger of pneumonia was past.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1937 Jermyn Mine Cave-in, Scranton, Pennsylvania — John Wannish, 28, was rescued after being entombed in the Jermyn Mine of the Hudson Coal Company for an undisclosed period.  Four other workers who were trapped with Wannish were brought to the surface the night before around midnight.  Suffering from head injuries, Wannish was taken to Carbondale Hospital.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — Two miners entombed overnight in a mine air hole on the mountainside four miles south of Tamaqua, were rescued.  William Lucas, 24, and Kenneth Lutz, 23, protesting that they were "all right," were rushed to a hospital for observation immediately after a rescue squad dug through the last of tons of rock to reach them.  Lutz and Lucas, accompanied by a third miner whose name was not learned went out to the mountain hoping to find a vein of coal.  Lutz and Lucas entered an air hole on the mountain, the third man, who remained on the surface, gave the alarm after a cave-in closed the entrance to the hole.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — Entombed 7½ hours his first day in a bootleg coal hole operated by his three sons, Steven Koperna, 57, was rescued alive from his underground prison near Pine Knot Colliery in the Heckscherville Valley.  Koperna was walled in when the workings collapsed.  He was reported slightly injured, taken immediately to the Good Samaritan Hospital in Pottsville, to be treated for shock and exposure.  Koperna said: “From the time I was trapped until I was rescued, I prayed to God to save me and I promised Him I would never work another day in a bootleg coal hole.  Now that I'm rescued alive, I thank God for my rescue and I’m going to keep my promise."  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Grier City, Pennsylvania — Gus Sincavage was rescued after an undisclosed period after being caught under a fall of coal and rock while working in a bootleg mine in Grier City.  He was taken to the Locust Mountain Hospital for treatment.  Source document PDF Format
Gowen Colliery Cave-in, Hazleton, Pennsylvania — Michael Kowalsky, a miner at the Gowen colliery of the Buck Mountain Coal Company, was rescued alive yesterday after being buried under a fall of coal for two hours.  Hospital attaches said that he walked from an automobile into the Hazleton Hospital.  He escaped with abrasions of the face, nose and legs.  Source document PDF Format
Badger mine Fall of Ground, Butte, Montana — William E. Church was rescued by fellow-workmen after being trapped for 15 hours by a fall of ground in the Badger mine.  Church, with three companions, had been working on a sill over a fill stope, when the ground gave way.  Church dropped 18 feet.  His companions could hear his cries for help but could not see him.  They gave reassurance as they worked.  Church was protected by the timbers from rock and earth pressure.  He was not injured.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1937 Gopher-Boulder Mine Cave-in, Holden, California — Frank Libby was rescued after being trapped for several hours in the Gopher-Boulder Mine. The cave-in occurred when a tractor operating on the surface crashed into some old workings, precipitating a shower of giant boulders into the open cut where 2 miners were working. The second miner, Harry Achzig, was killed in the accident.  Source document PDF Format
Abandoned Coal Mine Rescue, Marion, Illinois — Jesse Wilson, 30, was rescued 2 days after becoming lost in an abandoned coal mine near Marion, Illinois.  Wilson, a mine owner, had entered the pit with the announced intention of exploring the workings which were adjacent to abandoned workings of a deep shaft mine no longer operating.  The search for Wilson began when he failed to come out at 5 p.m. with the other workers.  Source document PDF Format
Unnamed Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — Two miners are rescued and 1 miner was killed when a cave-in occurred at an Independent Anthracite mine at Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania.  John Micomanico, 56, was rescued and hospitalized after being buried up to his neck for 8 hours.  Benedicto Riccoletti, 36, and buried up to his knees was freed after 2 hours.  A third miner, Angelo Lorendi, 48, was suffocated and died in the incident.  Source document PDF Format
Defender Mine Fall of Person, Amasor City, California — Clyde Wright, a diamond drill operator, fell down the Defender Mine shaft.  He suffered a fracture of one arm, cuts and bruises.  He was taken to the Sutter Hospital in Sacramento for treatment.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1937 Baker Mine Explosion, Sullivan, Indiana — Four men, burned badly but still alive were rescued from the Baker coal mine shortly after the explosion trapped them and about 20 other miners.  Within the next two hours, eight more were rescued alive from the fire-swept area.  Only two of them had escaped severe burns.
MAY 1937 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — William Hosler, 26, was rescued after a 20-hour entombment in a bootleg Anthracite coal hole.  Hosler suffered possible fractures of his left arm and right leg.  Twelve fellow miners helped to remove the tons of earth that trapped him.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1937 Toiling for 27 hours, rescue squads removed Anthony Vinscavage, 48, from a "bootleg" coal hole near Tamaqua, Pennsylvania.  Vinscavage was trapped while working with son, John, who had escaped and called for rescuers.  Source document External Link
MAR 1937 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — After more than 12 hours, six-foot, 330-pound Willie Politis was rescued from tons of earth and rock in a mountain coal hole.  This was the second rescue needed for "Big Willie" within a few weeks.  Source document PDF Format
Coaldale Colliery Cave-in, Coaldale, Pennsylvania — Joseph Filowic, a miner at the Coaldale colliery of the Lehigh Navigation Coal Company was rescued after being confined for 3 hours by a fall of top rock.  Rescue crews were at once rushed to the scene and worked feverishly to free the man.  After being freed, Filowic was able to walk home evidently none the worse for his experience.  Source document PDF Format
Miner Victim of Mysterious Ailment, Locust Gap, Pennsylvania — Bernard Cannon, 33, an employee at Locust Gap Colliery, was found lying unconscious on a mine gangway where he had been working alone.  He was taken to the Fountain Springs Hospital, conscious and reported recuperating.  The plight of Cannon was mysterious.  The man didn’t know what happened, whether he collapsed through illness, was overcome by gas or was injured.  Surgeons at the hospital, after restoring Cannon to consciousness, began a diagnosis of his condition, but had not determined the cause of his ailment. Source document PDF Format
Denver Fire Clay Mine Cave-in, Golden, Colorado — Three cold and hungry miners—fed nothing but frankfurters through a pipe—dragged themselves to safety after being imprisoned 18 hours in a clay mine cave-in of the Denver Fire Clay Company mine.  Cheers of 15 other miners echoed through the damp mine as the last of the three, uninjured, wriggled through to greet rescue workers.  "Boy, we're glad to get out of that place," they agreed.  "It was chilly in there but not cold and the "weinies" helped a lot, but that old daylight looks better to us than anything in the world."  The men were Roy Towles, 42; W. J. Foreman; and Peter Bauler.  Foreman and Towles were timbering the mine tunnel 200 feet from the portal when suddenly the tunnel ceiling gave way.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1937 Robert Johnson spent eight days without food in utter darkness in an abandoned Flemington, West Virginia coal mine.  Guided by his weak cries, Bill McDonald, Minor Cleavenger and Lon Smith found the man and brought him out on a stretcher.  Source document External Link
JAN 1937 Delano Mine Cave-in, Montello, Nevada — Entombed for a day 300 feet underground, two men were rescued from the Delano mine and brought to Montello, suffering little ill effects.  The miners, Jess Baker and a man named Harris, were trapped by a cave-in at the mine.  Rescuers succeeding in penetrating the tons of rock and dirt and opened a passage to the two men.  Source document PDF Format
Beaver Brook Colliery Cave-in, Hazleton, Pennsylvania — A rescue crew worked for nearly two hours to dig William Letcher out from under a fall of rock in the Beaver Brook Colliery, where he was employed.  His right side was paralyzed.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1936 Pioche No. 3 Mine Cave-in, Pioche, Nevada — Six miners were rescued from a cave-in in the Pioche No. 3 mine after an undisclosed period.  The first three were freed uninjured during the overnight hours and the last three were rescued shortly after noon.  Only one the last three was injured having been buried to his chin in broken rock.  One of his arms and 4 of his ribs were broken.  Source document PDF Format
Alden Coal Company Hoisting Rescue, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — Ten workers in the Alden Coal Company colliery were rescued after an undisclosed period from a cage hanging precariously in a 1,200-foot vertical shaft.  The cage was jammed against the walls of the shaft by ice.  The miners were brought to the surface one at a time with a block and tackle arrangement.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1936 Abandoned Mine Shaft Fall of Person, Merced, California — Alvin Peterson, 22, was critically injured as the result of a fall down a 150-foot abandoned mine shaft.  Peterson suffered a fractured pelvis, spine injuries, possible basal skull fracture and internal injuries, arm injuries and numerous lacerations and bruises.  He was rushed to the hospital by Dr. J. S. Webster of Mariposa.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1936 Macbeth Mine Explosion, Logan, West Virginia — An explosion of gas and dust resulted in the death of 10 men, and the injury of one man by afterdamp.  This man was rescued after an undisclosed period and revived.  The explosion was restricted to 12 and 13 Right entries.  Gas had accumulated near the face of room 14, 13 Right entry, when a door was left open.  An arc from a splice in the cable of a cable-reel locomotive ignited the gas, and dust propagated the explosion.  Its spread was stopped by rock dust placed in the entries some months earlier and by a pool of water on 12 right.  Cause of Explosion: Ignition of gas by a cable reel locomotive.
AUG 1936 Following a 72 hour entrapment in the burning Esry Mine near Moberly, Missouri, two of four men were rescued.  The deceased were Ed Stoner, one of the owners, and George Dameron.  The rescued men were Demmer Sexton and Jack McMann.
Anthracite Bootleg Mine Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Edward Hartley, 23, was rescued several hours after he became a cave-in victim in a bootleg coal hole near Pottsville.  Hartley was conscious when he was removed, however, he was unable to walk since he was engulfed in rock and dirt up to his neck.  He was transported to the Pottsville Hospital where he was listed in fair condition.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1936 Anthracite Bootleg Mine Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — Enock Kuklinskie, 35, was rescued 22 hours after being trapped in a 30-foot make-shift mine near Shamokin, Pennsylvania.  He was hospitalized in serious condition.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1936 Caught by crumbling rock and fallen timbers in a Helena, Montana mine, Ed Moore became held firmly by the jam.  One of the owners, John Brophy, who was working with him, managed to get out and get help.  Despite being warned by Moore not to come down, rescuers worked for four hours to free him and return him to his wife and daughter, who were waiting on the surface.  Source document External Link
Dugger-Martin Mine Explosion, Paxton, Indiana — Ivan Alexander was rescued alive from the Dugger-Martin coal mine, several hours after he had been overcome by gas while attempting to find two other men believed killed in an explosion.  The two men still in the mine were believed to have been killed in the explosion.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1936 Abandoned Mine Rescue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania — Two would-be copper thieves were rescued and arrested 15 hours after they became lost in an abandoned coal mine near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  Police arrested Arthur Tonner, 35, and Robert Dyer, 36, after they were rescued from 15 miles of tunnels by a crew from the U. S. Bureau of Mines.  The officers said Tonner and Dyer went into the mine to hunt copper wire while another man, Edwin Miller, 35, stayed above ground, on guard. Miller was also arrested.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1936 Clyde Westcott Mine Fall of Person, Mt. Sterling, Ohio — Raymond Blackstone, 28, was injured when the coal car which he occupied fell down a 35-foot shaft of the Clyde Westcott mine, three miles south of Mt. Sterling.  He was reported in critical condition in Bethesda hospital. Blackstone suffered a fractured skull and a broken jaw.  Portions of wood driven into his brain and skull by force of the fall were removed yesterday by the attending physician.  He was found unconscious at the foot of the shaft by Robert Lane, a pony-driver in the mine.  After an undisclosed period, fellow workmen assisted in bringing him to the surface where first aid was given.  He was taken to the hospital in the Bateman ambulance.  The injured man had been employed at the mine for three years.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1936 Gus Brown and his three husky sons rescued "Fannie,” their pet pony from the family coal mine in Louis Hollow near Crooksville, Ohio.  Fannie, trapped 19 days due to a cave-in, emerged sleepily and appeared none the worse for her experience.  The pony, led through hastily-driven shafts was taken into the Brown home and given a warm place by the kitchen stove.  Source document External Link
FEB 1936 Bird Camp Gold Mine Avalanche, Ouray, Colorado — 20 miners were trapped for 10 hours in a tunnel of the Bird Camp Gold Mine by an avalanche of snow.  Two men and a woman were killed when the avalanche roared down Devil’s Slide of Chicago Hill smashing a bunkhouse and closing the mouth of the mine tunnel.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Kulpmont, Pennsylvania — John Butcher, 42, had a miraculous escape from death when he was trapped for three hours beneath a fall of top coal in a bootleg coal hole.  A nearby miner heard the fall and investigated and found the roof and side had fallen in.  The rescue workers were amazed when they found Butcher alive when they uncovered his head.  He was treated at the Shamokin hospital for shock and contusions of the back and right arm.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1935 Wolf Run Mine Explosion, Amsterdam, Ohio — 20 miners were rescued from behind a barricade 1 to 2 hours after an explosion in the Wolf Run mine at Amsterdam, Ohio.  Four miners were killed in the incident.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1935 Independent Mine Cave-in, Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania — Peter Baxter, 38, was released from his underground prison 22 hours after he and another miner were caught in a coal slide producing a cave-in.  The incident occurred at the Independent mine owned by the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company.  The doctor at the Ashland Hospital reported Baxter’s condition as good, saying he only appeared to be suffering from shock and exposure.  The other miner, John Stankowski, was believed to be dead.  Source document PDF Format
Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Steubenville, Ohio — John Henry Wiggins helped to rescue Richard S. Riser from a mine cave-in, Steubenville, Ohio, October 14, 1935.  While Riser, 51, was working in an entry five feet high in a mine, a rock 30 feet long, 10 feet wide, and two to three feet thick fell from the top, knocking him down close to a rail of a track and pinning his right arm and left foot.  His left knee was pressed against his chest, causing him to breathe with great difficulty.  Wiggins, 48, mine loader, ran to the rock and at a point 12 feet from Riser lay prone and crawled under it toward Riser through an opening 14 inches high.  The rock rested mainly on refuse coal, and as Wiggins crawled, he pushed rock fragments from in front of him and stacked them to aid in preventing the rock from sinking lower and crushing him.  Reaching Riser, he tugged at his left foot and forced off Riser's shoe but was unable to free his foot.  Riser urged him to break his leg, if necessary.  Wiggins crawled back to the opening, got a jack handle, again crawled to Riser, and tried to raise the rock by means of the handle but failed.  He then took hold of Riser's ankle with both hands and pulled his foot free, crawled backward for four feet, and pulled Riser's leg to a straight position.  He removed rock fragments from around Riser's right leg and then tried to pull Riser's arm from its wedged position.  Failing to do so, he crawled back to the opening and clear of the rock.  He had been under the rock for 20 minutes Later the rock was raised by means of jacks, and Riser was dragged from beneath it.  His arm was paralyzed.  Two other men who were caught under the fall were killed.  John Wiggins was bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for his bravery.  Source document External Link
JUL 1935 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Trevorton, Pennsylvania — Charles Hauser, 48, sustained a compound fracture of the right leg, lacerations and other injuries of the head, face and body yesterday while robbing pillars in a coal hole near Trevorton.  Working on a pitch, he lost his balance when a rock fell out of the top and struck him on the head.  Hauser, plunging down the hole, caused a slide which buried him for fifteen minutes.  Unconscious when rescued, he was taken to the Shamokin State Hospital for treatment.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, West Glendower, Pennsylvania — Trapped in an independent mine operation at West Glendower, Edward Kimmel, 30, was rescued alive four hours later and escaped with comparatively minor injuries.  Kimmel and two fellow workers were driving an independent mine hole when the workings suddenly collapsed, trapping Kimmel in back of the fall.  His companions summoned aid from nearby holes, and within a short, time a large force of men was engaged in removing debris.  After four hours, the mass of rock and coal was penetrated and Kimmel was found alive.  A physician gave Kimmel medical and surgical attention at the scene and he was conveyed to his home where he was expected to recover.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Asphyxiations, Bunker Hill, Pennsylvania — The presence of mind and courage of Bert Hoffa, 15, was responsible for the rescue of the boy's grandfather, John Bainbridge, from a damp-filled mine hole on the mountain north of Bunker Hill.  Bainbridge, a former borough fire chief, was at work in the mine hole with his grandson when he was overcome by black damp.  The boy, weakened himself and barely conscious, managed to drag his grandfather 100 feet underground to a point where the air was clearer.  There, almost exhausted but realizing that both might die if help was not secured, he climbed to the surface.  The boy's sudden emergence into pure air caused him to collapse unconscious at the top of the miniature mine, where he was found by a party of miners working nearby.  He was taken to his home, where he was revived by a physician.  Both damp victims would recover, physicians said.  Miners who found Hoffa and participated in the rescue of Bainbridge declared that the boy's feat of dragging his grandfather to safety was almost unbelievable in view of the youth's slight physique and the fact that he was severely affected by the damp himself.  Source document PDF Format
Menzel Mine Cave-in, Redding, California — After nine hours of frantic rescue work, Walter Straight, 47, a miner employed in the Menzel Mine, walked from the tunnel uninjured.  He had been imprisoned in a slide of thousands of tons of broken granite since the previous day.  Four workers in the mine immediately started removing the debris, in which Straight was buried shoulder high, and called for help from nearby Iron Mountain.  The Mountain Copper Company superintendent rushed eight men to the scene to assist in the rescue.  Working in shifts, the miners dug throughout the day, relieved as soon as they became exhausted.  Source document PDF Format
Lowry Farm Mine Asphyxiation, Thomas Hill, Missouri — Roy Dale, a 25-year-old miner was unconscious for nearly three hours from effects of carbon monoxide gas, after he was overcome in a mine near Thomas Hill.   He was taken to McCormick Hospital for treatment and recovered.  Dale and his father had been operating a slope mine on the Tom Lowry farm near Thomas Hill.  Working at the mine, they were pumping water, using a gasoline engine inside the mine to operate the pump.  The belt on the engine had been slipping and not working properly.  As they worked on the engine, they noticed the gas and realized they were becoming weak, so both started up the slope for the mine entrance.  When they were about 40 feet from the opening, Roy fell.  With assistance, young Dale was carried out and rushed to his home in Huntsville for treatment, and then was taken to the hospital.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1935 Unnamed Mine Cave-in, Dillon, Montana — Although he was trapped for four hours at the bottom of a 120-foot shaft by a cave-in, George Mickich escaped with a severe nervous shock.  Mickich was working with several others in the mine at the time of the collapse but was separated from them.  The others immediately launched rescue operations and succeeded in releasing the man, to whom they continually shouted words of encouragement. Source document PDF Format
MAY 1935 Simpson Mine Cave-in, Carbondale, Pennsylvania — George Gill, 40, has his foreman John Yancheck to thank for being rescued alive after being trapped under a fall of rock in a slope of the Simpson Coal Company when Yancheck imperiled his own life to return to his fellow workman.  With only his hands and a stick, the only instrument available, Yancheck removed a huge pile of loose culm and dirt from his head, saving him from being smothered while others were coming to his rescue.  He was left with all except his head buried under a mass of rock and dirt, and it was nearly five hours that his body was entirely uncovered, permitting his removal.  Gill was transferred by ambulance to St. Joseph's Hospital where he was found to be not dangerously hurt, suffering from bruises of the body and shock.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1935 U. S. Gold Mine Cave-in, Butte, Montana — Trapped nine hours beneath 25 feet of rock in the U. S. mine near Butte, Harvey Konen, 45, had suffered only a few scratches and bruised when rescued by a crew of 20 men.   Konen descended the 60-foot shaft of the gold mine shortly before 9:30 a.m.  After hearing dangerous rumblings above him, he was ascending a ladder when the timbered shaft crashed in ahead of an avalanche of rock.  Workers at the shaft rushed to Butte and recruited veteran miners who were taken to the property where an opening was made in the caved-in shaft and Konen was brought to the surface.  Source document PDF Format
Abandoned Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Newtown Hill, Pennsylvania — Roy Gauntlett, 32, was rescued from an abandoned mine working at nearby Newtown Hill, where he was held trapped by a fall of coal for eight hours.  Gauntlett was taken to a hospital to be treated for exposure and exhaustion.  A score of men tunneled through the fall to the spot where he was buried, while he directed the rescue.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1935 Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Starford, Pennsylvania — John S. Korfonta sustained fatal injuries attempting to help rescue Francis R. Yaros from a mine cave-in, Starford, Pennsylvania, March 11, 1935.  While Yaros, 21, was close to the face of the coal at the end of a heading of a mine, a rock six feet and a half in diameter and from two to 15 inches thick fell from the roof onto him.  The rock lay two feet from the face of the coal between two parallel rows of posts eight feet apart.  Only Yaros's feet and ankles extended from under the rock.  Frank L. Russell, Jr., heard the crash and went to another heading, where he notified Korfonta, 46, miner; J. Clair Irvin; Joseph C. Resovsky; and another man.  Irvin, closely followed by Russell, Resovsky, and the other man, hurried through a crosscut and the heading to the rock and then crawled over it to positions between the rock and the face of the coal.  Russell placed a crowbar beneath the edge of the rock, and his companions placed their hands beneath the rock to lift it.  Korfonta then reached the rock and began to crawl over it.  Another rock, five feet wide and eight inches thick, fell and knocked him aside onto loose slate.  Slate dribbled from the roof, and the men feared another fall.  After standing aside a moment, Irvin and Resovsky lifted a part of the rock, which had been split by the second rock, from Yaros's legs.  Russell and Resovsky then lifted the rock from Yaros's back.  Irvin grasped Yaros's ankles and pulled him to the face of the coal.  Russell and Irvin then carried Yaros toward the other side of the heading, the roof of which was amply supported by crossbeams, then for 25 feet over a pile of slate to a safe part of the heading.  Resovsky remained with Korfonta.  Russell ran to the entrance of the mine for help.  Irvin returned to the rock and crawled over the loose slate to Korfonta and Resovsky.  He and Resovsky then carried Korfonta over the same course to the crosscut and the other heading.  In the meantime, Yaros died.  Korfonta was placed in a minecar and hauled out of the mine.  He died of his injuries that evening.  J. Clair Irvin, Frank L. Russell, Jr., Joseph C. Resovsky and John S. Korfonta (posthumously) were bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for their bravery.  Source document External Link  
FEB 1935 St. Clair Coal Co. Mine Cave-in, St. Clair, Pennsylvania — Trapped by a fall of rock for an undisclosed period at the St. Clair Coal Company, Franklin Zondorhin, 49, was admitted to the Pottsville Hospital late last night for treatment of his injuries.  His face and head were lacerated severely in the mishap and numerous sutures were necessary to close the wounds.  Source document PDF Format
Trapped Dog Rescue, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — Seven coal miners pitched in and helped their comrade, George Erbe, rescue his fox terrier dog, trapped 30 feet below solid rock.  The pup called "Bum" was caught beneath the ridge of rock when he and three other dogs were chasing a fox.  The other dogs came out at the call of their masters, but "Bum" did not appear.  Erbe summoned his miner friends who brought picks, shovels and dynamite.  Though the weather was near zero, the men blasted away at the rock and chipped at the boulders for four days.  After four days of digging, one of the men crawled down into the hole and heard the faint harking of "Bum."  The rescuers reached him within a few minutes.  They found "Bum" whimpering from hunger and cold, but otherwise the pup was uninjured.  Source document PDF Format
United Gold Mine Fire, Cripple Creek, Colorado — The rescue of Ernest Kuri and Jack Silver from the bottom of a 65-foot mine shaft in which they had been trapped by fire was effected after a group of men directed by Sheriff Ed Vinyard spent 15 hours conquering the blaze.  Although shaken by the harrowing experience of facing death as the flames slowly ate their way down the mine shaft, the two miners were uninjured.  The fire broke out in the hoist house above the shaft, spread to other buildings and had started on its way down the shaft before it was noticed and an alarm spread.  Sheriff Vinyard headed a group of 25 volunteers.  Efforts to conquer the flames with chemicals failed and several truckloads of sand and water were hauled to the mine.  When the flames were checked the trapped miners were brought to the surface by a rope lowered into the shaft, the windlass having been destroyed.  “We just sat and prayed when the fire broke out,” Kuri said. “We had just about given up hope of getting out alive when someone dropped some rocks into the shaft to let us know they were trying to get us out.”  The property was owned by United Gold Mines Company.  Source document PDF Format
Consolidation Mine Cave-in, Cumberland, Maryland — Christopher Krause, 55, and William Griffith, Jr., 30, were safe in their homes, unharmed except for the 16-hour exposure to mine gases while imprisoned in the shaft of Consolidation Mine under a fall of rock.  The men became trapped and rescue crews began the tedious task of removing the heavy rock and debris.  Rescue was effected after relay crews labored 16 hours.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1935 Utica Mine Fall of Ground, Angels Camp, California — Gus May, miner, narrowly escaped death while at work on a filled shaft of the Utica Mine, 2,000 feet below the ground.  The fill began to sink and the fire department battled mud and water for an undisclosed period to rescue him from the muck.  May was unhurt but suffered from chills.  Source document PDF Format
Stanton Colliery Landslide, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — John Roberts, 56, was almost completely buried beneath a dirt bank slide at the Stanton Colliery at 6 p.m. the evening before, while he was picking coal.  Unable to extricate himself, he endured a nightmare until employees on their way to work in the morning, more than 12 hours later, found him unconscious.  Though suffering from shock as well as injuries to both legs, hips and abdomen, Roberts’ condition was regarded as not serious.  The slide that buried him also kept much of the cold away from his body, or he would have frozen to death, it was stated at the hospital.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — Marlin Lauer was seriously injured when he was covered by a fall of coal in a bootleg mine near Shamokin.  He was rushed to the Shamokin State Hospital where an examination disclosed that he had a fracture of the left leg, chest injuries, lacerations of the scalp and face, and possible internal injuries.  The accident occurred shortly after Lauer and several companions started work in their operation.  Lauer was at the bottom of the hole when the fall occurred.  He was rendered unconscious when a piece of coal struck him on the head.  He was revived by rescuers after being carried to the surface after an undisclosed period.  Source document PDF Format
Juneau Mine Rescue, Durango, Colorado — Stricken four days earlier by paralysis at the Juneau mine, Joe Bari, 60. miner, will live, physicians said, because of the heroic efforts of four Durango men who dragged him on a toboggan 13 hours across 19 miles of snow-drifted mountain trail.  Source document PDF Format
Hammond Mine Elevator Entrapment, Girardville, Pennsylvania — Ten miners were imprisoned in a mine cage 350 feet underground for four hours when safety catches on a cage jammed as the men were being lowered into the Hammond mine at Girardville.  Repairmen descended into the 750-foot-deep shaft and freed the trapped workers.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1934 Wyandotte Dragline Rescue, Wyandotte, California — When the lights on a Wyandotte dragline dredger suddenly went out as he was about to go on his midnight work shift, Charles Anderson of Oroville fell into a 12-foot prospect hole in which there were six feet of water.  His calls for help were heard by a fellow employee who threw a cable down the shaft to Anderson and then called to Anderson's son, nearby in an automobile, to throw the car head-lights over the hole.  Wallace found a ladder, tied a rope on it and threw it down the shaft to Anderson who climbed out safely.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1934 Harmon Mine Cave-in, Placerville, California — Rescued after being entombed by a mine cave-in for 16 hours, Owen W. Terry declared he would return to his job despite his harrowing experience.  Terry, superintendent of the Harmon Mine was uninjured but was still and sore from being pinioned by heavy timbers, which prevented a huge boulder from crushing him.  He was trapped by the rock fall which killed another miner, William Stonerook.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1934 Bootleg Mine Cave-in, New Philadelphia, Pennsylvania — John Coyle, age 63, was rescued after 20 hours from a bootleg mine hole near New Philadelphia.  Coyle owed his life-saving rescue to a group of volunteers that drove a 90-foot parallel shaft to reach the trapped miner.  Physicians at the Pottsville Hospital reported that Coyle was suffering from severe shock and exposure.  Source document PDF Format
West End Mine Cave-in, Mocanaqua, Pennsylvania — Silver Miczalowski, 28, was rescued after being trapped in a slide of coal for an hour and 20 minutes at the West End Coal Company in Mocanaqua, Pennsylvania.  He was completely covered, but loose debris around his head allowed him to breathe until rescued.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1934 Independent Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Turkey Run, Pennsylvania — John Birchess, 22, was rescued after being trapped for four hours in a coal hole near Turkey Run.  He was covered almost to the neck, suffering injuries of the left chest, left hip, both knees and legs.  He was removed to the Locust Mountain Hospital, where his condition was said to be serious.  Birchess was working an "independent" mine hole with his partner when he was caught by a fall of dirt and rock.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1934 William Jones, 35, from Minersville, Pennsylvania was rescued from a rock slide in a Bootleg anthracite mine where he was trapped for more than 24 hours.  Source document External Link
Derby No. 3 Mine Explosion, Big Stone Gap, Virginia — After an undisclosed period following the 7 a.m. explosion, two men, Lawrence Fleener and Walter Bayless, were brought out alive and were taken to the Stonega hospital for treatment.  Artificial respiration was resorted to in vain efforts to save some of the others.
JUL 1934 Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, McComas, West Virginia — Joseph James Ellis and Armado Bucchi helped to rescue Walter J. Church from a mine cave-in, McComas, West Virginia, July 28, 1934.  As Church, 31, was standing between the side wall of a room in a coal mine and a mine car that was three feet from the wall, a block of slate eight feet long, six feet wide, and eight inches thick dropped from a long crack in the roof, covering the car and extending to within four inches of the wall.  Church was knocked to his knees, and one arm was pinned against the top of the side of the car.  Ellis, 45, miner, who was between the end of the car and the face of the coal, was struck a glancing blow by the slate and then got out of the room.  He heard slate dribbling from the roof and knew that dribbling slate often preceded a fall.  Calling that there had been a fall and getting an axe, Ellis crawled on his hands and knees four or five feet under the slate, which was but three feet above the floor, and chopped the side of the car four or five inches from Church's arm.  Another block of slate similar in size to the first then dropped on the first block, crushing the sides of the car so that the slate was but two feet above the floor.  A little later Ellis and Bucchi managed to move the side of the car, freeing Church's arm.  The three then backed from beneath the slate.  Church's arm was later amputated at the elbow.  He recovered otherwise.  Messrs. Joseph Ellis and Bucchi were given the Carnegie Hero Award for their bravery.  Source document External Link
JUN 1934 Dorrance Colliery Cave-in, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — Buried beneath a fall of coal, Joseph Swelgoskie suffered possible fractures of the small bones of his left foot at the Dorrance Colliery of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company.  He was rescued by fellow workmen within a few minutes after the fall occurred.  Admitted to General Hospital, Swelgoskie was reported in good condition.  Source document PDF Format
Abandoned Diamond Colliery Rescue, Scranton, Pennsylvania — The wanderings of two North Scranton boys in the darkness of the abandoned Diamond Colliery of the Glen Alden Coal Company, ended after — 75 hours — of torturous travel through pockets of blackdamp and perilous cave squeeze areas.  Their underground journey was terminated in a thrilling rescue by Fuhrman Ballus, who on his second attempt in two days to locate the boys, found them without lights, huddled against the gob.  The youths, Walter Gilasavage, 13, and John Stasko, Jr., were sadly the worse for their experience when brought to the surface.  Both boys were exceedingly nervous and exhausted almost to the point of emaciation.  The youngsters each lost nine or ten pounds in the adventure and had been without food for three days.  The only water available was the subterranean drippings of sulphur water.  Gilasavage was taken to the state hospital and was examined.  His physical condition was reported as good considering shock and his long vacation from the dinner table.  Stasko was treated by a physician and was removed to his home.  Both boys had bruises on the leg from tearing along the road and vaulting over fall of roof.  The boy were so weakened as to be scarcely able to follow Ballus over the gangway as he piloted them to the surface.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1934 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Scranton, Pennsylvania — Trapped more than three hours by a slide of earth and shale while he was cutting coal in a mine opening, Charles Mickel, 38, today owed his life to a rescue squad which worked to free him despite the constant danger of another slide.  Immediately upon his exit from death, Mickel was greeted by law enforcement and taken into custody on charges of forcible entry, assault and battery, and malicious mischief made by Mrs. Helen Smith.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Tremont, Pennsylvania — Frank Houser, 44, of Tremont, had a miraculous escape from death by suffocation when he was buried yesterday under a rush of coal near his home while engaged with other workmen in screening culm from an abandoned bank.  He was caught in a hole when the sides collapsed and was held prisoner 15 minutes before fellow toilers effected his rescue.  Houser, victim of internal injuries and shock, was removed to the Pottsville hospital.  Source document PDF Format
Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Pine Grove, Pennsylvania — Entombed for seven hours James Farrell, 22, of Lorberry Junction, near Pine Grove, was rescued from a mine hole in which he was digging coal.  Rushed to a hospital, he was treated for shock and held for observation of possible internal injuries.  Farrell was digging with another man on a private mining property when the timbers gave way and buried him under a rush of earth.  His companion escaped.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1934 Sinclair Mine Fire, Switz, Indiana — Five miners escaped death in the Sinclair mine after fire broke out there.  They walled themselves into a space 24 by 12 feet for an undisclosed period more than 100 yards away from the blazing wooden shaft, and awaited rescue.  The rescued miners were Jack Hineman, Dennis Combs, Thomas Barnett, Henry Johnson, and Roll Himebrook.  Source document External Link
MAR 1934 Nichols Coal Co. Powered Haulage Accident, Centralia, Missouri — George Noel, 19, suffered a wrenched back and severe lacerations of the hands after falling sixty feet down a shaft of the Nichols Coal Company where he was working.  It was believed that another worker lost control of the machinery which operates the shaft elevator upon which Noel was standing.  After an undisclosed period, Noel was taken to the Boone County Hospital.  Source document PDF Format
West Kentucky No. 10 Mine Fire, Wheatcroft, Kentucky — Five men lost their lives during a fire at this mine.  Evidently, the fire was discovered by the fire boss, but men were permitted to go into the mine.  At one point, a man-trip with twelve men was pushed into the smoke, but all escaped except one man who was later found dead about 70 feet inby fresh air.  Of the five persons losing their lives, one was rescued alive after an undisclosed period but died on the way to the surface.  The deaths were caused by inhaling carbon monoxide.  Evidently, the fire resulted from blasting coal at the face of Room 64 off 10 Right entry, presumably with pellet powder.
FEB 1934 Glen Rogers No. 2 Mine Explosion, Glen Rogers, West Virginia — 38 miners were rescued from behind a barricade several hours after an explosion in the Glen Rogers No. 2 mine in West Virginia. Four miners were killed in the incident.   Source document PDF Format
JAN 1934 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Taylor, Pennsylvania — Trapped for more than two hours in a cave-in which occurred in a bootleg mining operation in Taylor, Dominick Coppola, 22, was found suffering from internal injuries and shock when rescued by Scranton and Taylor police.  He was taken to the State Hospital.  Coppola and Samuel Karus were digging coal, police said, when the cave occurred, burying Coppola to his waist.  Karus escaped unhurt and gave the alarm.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1933 Carson Hill Mine Fall of Person, San Andreas, California — Herman Cordes, Jr., had a bad scalp wound and he was bruised and shaken.  Yet Herman was not complaining.  He thought it could be worse.  Cordes fell 100 feet in an ore stope at the Carson Hill Mine.  Fellow workers were about to dump a carload of rock when they heard shouts at the bottom of the stope.  They held back the ore and rescued Cordes.  Six stitches were taken to close a cut on his head.  Source document PDF Format
Idaho Maryland Mine Cave-in, Grass Valley, California — Nineteen men of the night shift of the Idaho Maryland mine, headed by Foreman Charles Mills, were freed after being trapped for 7½ hours by a cave-in of the 1,000-foot level.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1933 Five men were rescued from a mine after an undisclosed period in South Scranton, Pennsylvania following a cave-in.  Two of the men, Paul Mariello and Carmel Comparta, were seriously hurt, suffering from internal injuries.  The other three men left the scene before they could be identified.  Source document External Link
OCT 1933 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — Michael Lukash, 45, was rescued after being trapped for 17 hours in a makeshift mine near Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania.  The walls collapsed as he was carrying out one of the few remaining sacks of coal.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1933 Truesdale Colliery Inundation, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — After a 14-hour entrapment, four miners dug through cave-ins and waded through neck-deep water to reach rescue from the flooded Truesdale Colliery.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1933 Twelve miners were rescued after having been trapped for three hours by a fall of coal in the Locust Gap mine operated by the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company at Mt. Carmel, Pennsylvania.  Source document External Link
JUN 1933 Joseph Terescavage, a 56-year-old miner, from Shamokin, PA was rescued after having been entombed for two days in the collapsed Madeira Hill mine near Mt. Carmel, Pennsylvania.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1933 Unnamed Mine Rock Slide, Feather River Canyon, California — Imprisoned for hours by a rock slide in the Feather River Canyon, Frank Bane, 62, miner, was recovering in a hospital at Quincy, California because his dog hovered close to him and kept him warm and because rescue workers refused to give up efforts to save him.  He was rescued by sixteen men, who worked feverishly to extricate him when he was pinned beneath a mass of rocks and dirt that broke both his legs, a shoulder and several ribs.  He was brought to Quincy on a stretcher.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1933 Bootleg anthracite miner, John Cheslock, was rescued from the abandoned Sayre colliery near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania.  In a state of collapse, but conscious, Cheslock was rescued following a 4 day entrapment.  Source document External Link
FEB 1933 Lucky Baldwin Mine Fall of Person, Placerville, California — Lester Simmons, engaged with companions, climbed about 30 feet down the shaft, part of the abandoned Lucky Baldwin mine, to bring out some iron ore.  He slipped from the ladder, his friends said, and fell about 5 feet before his clothes caught on a piece of timber.  He dangled in the shaft for an undisclosed period, which mining men said was between 1,000 and 1,500 feet deep, until his companions lowered a rope and brought him to the surface. Source document PDF Format
DEC 1932 Morgan Jones Mine Explosion, Madrid, New Mexico — Following the first impact of the explosion, some ten men near the outer edge of the area made a dash for the main passageway.  Three of these, including Jimmie Taylor, 19, son of H. L. Taylor, assistant superintendent of the company's Madrid mines, were overcome.  They were picked up and carried out safely by their comrades.  Andrew Sampria, rushing out, picked up a prostrate form and carried it with him.  When he had reached the area of clean air, he learned that it was his own son, Pete, he had rescued.

Trapped Rescue Workers Rescue Themselves

Moweaqua Mine Explosion, Moweaqua, Illinois — Cut off by a fresh fall of rock and shale, twenty-three rescue workers had to dig themselves to safety in the community cooperative Moweaqua coal mine.  The fall occurred shortly after the rescue squad discovered two more bodies in the north shaft of the mine where most of the 54 men trapped there the previous Saturday were working.  Seven men were still unaccounted for but there was no hope they might be found alive.  The group of 23 workers were cut off from the main shaft for a short time when the roof of one of the tunnels collapsed.  They succeeded in digging their way through to safety.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1932 Unnamed Anthracite Coal Mine Cave-in, Avoca, Pennsylvania — Robert Hughes and Joseph P. Tigue helped to rescue Thomas A. Coleman and Louis J. Doran from a mine cave-in, Avoca, Pennsylvania, November 8, 1932.  While Coleman, 37, miner, and Doran, 45, mine laborer, were digging coal in an abandoned entry that connected with a narrow shaft, a collapse occurred.  Coleman was buried under shale at the bottom of the shaft.  Doran was knocked to the floor of the entry and lay under shale four feet deep 18 feet from the shaft.  Using their hands, Hughes, 50, miner, and Tigue removed the shale from Coleman.  Occasionally shale sloughed off the sides and dropped from overhead.  In three hours they removed enough shale to free Coleman, who was pulled out.  Hughes and Tigue worked all afternoon and far into the night to make a trench to Doran.  They erected posts, piled the shale behind boards resting against the posts, and finally reached Doran.  While they were removing debris from over him, the sides of the entry caved in.  Hughes and the other man ran to the shaft and were hoisted out.  During the remainder of the night and the next morning all of the shale and other debris was removed by men under safe conditions, adequate braces having been placed, and Doran was taken out.  He suffered injuries from which he died seven hours later.  Both men were bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for their bravery.  Source document External Link
Brookside Colliery Inundation, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Four miners were rescued after an undisclosed period from the flooded Brookside Colliery near Pottsville, Pennsylvania.  A shot fired by workers released an underground pocket of water.  The four trapped men waited for hours for the aid they knew was coming toward them.  Charles Deichert, 23; and Simon Bohr, 36; drowned in the incident.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1932 Unnamed Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Pittston, Pennsylvania — Trapped by a cave-in 1,000 feet underground in Pittston, Pennsylvania, Park Tucker, 21, was rescued after an undisclosed period.  His resulting injuries included a severed arm and his legs broken in 13 places.  His two work companions were killed in the disaster.  While trapped Mr. Tucker prayed.  "Deliver my body and soul, Lord." he said he prayed," and I’ll promise to preach the Gospel the rest of my life."  Mr. Tucker stated that he spent 13 months in a hospital and resumed his schooling in the seventh grade at the age of 23.  He later attended Wheaton Academy in Illinois and Houghton College in New York in preparation for ministerial studies.  Mr. Tucker graduated from the Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary and on October 1, 1943, he was ordained before a congregation that packed the Tabernacle Baptist Church in Chillicothe, Ohio, fulfilling the vow he made years before.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1932 Unnamed Mine Cave-in, Redding, California — Happy Holbrook, 42, a miner, was released from a 40-ton rock trap which kept him imprisoned for more than 12 hours while a crew of men worked frantically to release him.  Holbrook suffered no serious injury from the accident, with the exception of a severely pinched leg.  While excavating at the mine, a large quantity of dirt gave way, causing the heavy rock to pin him down.  He was fed during the work of releasing him, and chatted cheerfully with the rescue crew.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1932 Abandoned Badger Mine Fall of Person, Little Lost River, Idaho — Ole Meddaugh, 50, Little Lost River miner, was suffering from an imprisonment of six days and nights in an abandoned mine shaft 45 miles east of Arco, Idaho.  He was rescued the day before in a weakened condition after his continued absence had given rise to fears for his safety.  A week earlier Meddaugh lowered himself with a rope for 60 feet into the abandoned shaft of the Badger mine and descended the remaining 40 feet to the bottom of the shaft on timbers.  When he attempted to ascend the timbers gave way and he saved himself from dropping to the bottom by hanging to a projecting rock.  Since he was unable to reach the dangling end of the rope, he found a seat on a rock and waited for help to arrive.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1932 Silver King Western Mine Cave-in, Park City, Utah — Rescuers toiled 30 hours to free six Silver King Western miners, after having furnished the imprisoned miners fresh air, food, candles and electric heating elements.  The six miners, caught behind a cave-in in a drift Friday noon, were released, none the worse for their experience.  Their greatest discomfort was suffered from the water until it was drained.  The water rose to a depth of four feet and the six men took turns in sitting on the one ore car in the drift which could accommodate only three men at a time, forcing three to stand in the water.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1932 San Gabriel Canyon Gold Mine Cave-in, Covina, California — Mrs. Naomi Jarvis was killed when a cave-in occurred in an unnamed gold mine in the San Gabriel Canyon near Covina, California.  Mrs. Jarvis and another miner, David Workman, were caught in the collapse.  Mr. Workman was freed from the material by rescuers after an undisclosed period.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1932 Mary Ann Lead and Zinc Mine Shaft Entrapment, Picher, Oklahoma — Toddling after his workbound father, Gerald Collins, age 3, fell into a 250-foot drill hole and became wedged in the hole about 20 feet down.  He remained trapped there for 11 hours until rescuers dug a parallel shaft to reach and free the child.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1932 Bootleg Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — 24 hours after he was pinned under a coal and rock fall in an abandoned tunnel of anthracite mine, Joseph Petorick was tugged free and brought to the surface.  He was still conscious and apparently not badly hurt.  A first aid squad immediately rushed him to a Pottsville hospital for examination and treatment for exposure.  Petorick was said to have gone into the mine by a little used tunnel with three companions to bootleg coal for their families.  The others escaped the cave-in.  When the colliery officials heard Petorick was trapped, they assembled eight of the most skilled miners at the plant to dig through the tunnel, little more than a crevice through the rocky hillside, toward the entombed man.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1931 Abandoned Mine Cave-in, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania — Clarence Bohman, 31, trapped by a fall of slate and dirt digging coal in an abandoned mine near his home was rescued by nearby residents after an undisclosed period.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1931 Two miners who never gave up hope after 4 comrades were killed in an explosion in the Mocanaqua Mine of the West End Coal Company were rescued after 133 hours of entrapment.  The survivors were John Thomashunis, age 40, and John Metz, age 22.
SEP 1931 Aukstock Carter, 30, was rescued after an undisclosed period following a cave-in in an unnamed coal mine near Charleston, West Virginia.  His rescue came after company physician, Dr. W. B. Davis, amputated his right arm.  Source document External Link
AUG 1931 Unnamed Mine Cave-in, Silver City, Nevada — William Donovan, miner, was rescued after three hours of frantic digging after becoming buried in a cave-in.  Only his head was protruding when rescuers began their work.  Loose rock and fresh slides threatened to bury the entire rescue crew.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1931 Jesse Engle rescued Charles Napier from a mine cave-in.  While Napier, 31, was working beside a mine car in a mine, a rock weighing approximately 56 tons fell from the roof, knocking him down, and rested on hard-packed coal 20 inches above the floor.  The fingers of one of his hands were pinned between the rock and the top of a box on the car, and his other arm was pinned under the end of the car.  For 40 minutes, Engle he made thrusts against the top edge of the box with iron bars, chipping it, and inserted wedges.  Napier then was able to free his hand.  Engle then reached under Napier and helped him free his other arm.  Engle backed out from beneath the rock, and Napier followed him.  The rock settled four inches during the act, and a half-hour later the rock had crushed the car and settled within three inches of the floor.  Two of Napier's fingers had to be amputated.  He was not otherwise injured.  Mr. Engle was awarded the Carnegie Hero Award for his bravery.  Source document External Link
MAY 1931 Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Clearfield, Pennsylvania — Seven youths were rescued from a mine in which they had been trapped by a cave-in for 10 hours.  Rescue workers cut a shaft from the top of a hill overlooking the mine and pulled the youths to safety with ropes.  Two sons of the owner of the mine were digging coal when the five other youths entered and asked them to play baseball.  The seven started for the entrance, but near the surface their car jumped the track and struck a prop.  The roof collapsed, and slate closed the entrance.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1931 Tunnel Ridge Colliery Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — After being entombed in a gangway at the Tunnel Ridge colliery for about eight hours, rescue crews found Charles Walaconis uninjured.  Twenty feet of debris separated Walaconis from freedom.  When the entombed man responded to tapping signals on a pipe line that ran through the debris, the rescue party worked faster in the hope of reaching the man before serious injury or death could occur.  He was guided by instructions carried over the pipe line and was finally taken to his home without a scratch.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1931 Powderly Colliery Roof Fall, South Carbondale, Pennsylvania — Two of the five Carbondale men, Frank Cretelli and Alex Docalavich, who were entombed in the Powderly colliery of the Hudson Coal Company, South Carbondale, at 10:30 o’clock yesterday morning, were rescued alive by fellow workmen.  Neither was seriously injured but both suffered greatly from shock following their removal from their hazardous positions in which they were forced to remain for more than seven hours.  The body of John Caruso, one of five men entombed was recovered and no trace has been found of John Rogish, 62, and Thomas Chadwick, 59, both of Carbondale.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1931 Seven miners were rescued after an undisclosed period following an explosion in the Little Betty Mine at Dugger, Indiana.  The men who were rescued had barricaded themselves in an entry off one of the main corridors.  Those rescued included Locie Hale, William Bedwell, Ben Snyder, Herman Brown, Charles Love and Charles Centers, all of Linton, and Jule Wellington of Sullivan.
Unnamed Gold Mine Fire, Centennial, Wyoming — Three men trapped four hours in a gold mine by a fire were rescued alive.  They were Bernard Holtum, owner of the mine, and two brothers named Crites.  The men were working in the 1200-foot shaft when the fire started.  Source document PDF Format
Mitchell Tunnel Rescue, Livermore, California — Imprisoned for 24 hours in the Mitchell Tunnel of the Hetch-Hetchy water system, 20 miners were brought to the surface, uninjured, but weak for the want of food.  Oscar Nelson, 39, was the first man brought to the surface.  The others were brought to the surface within half an hour, and were being taken care of at the first-aid headquarters. Source document PDF Format
NOV 1930 Millfield No. 6 Mine Explosion, Millfield, Ohio — 19 miners were rescued 10 hours after the explosion.  The miners, most of them unconscious, were found behind a ventilation partition.  John Dean, Inside Foreman, is credited with saving the lives of the rescued miners, including him.  Dean and the other miners erected and gathered behind a ventilation partition which protected them from the deadly gases.  Dean risked several trips into the smoke-filled entries to carry some of his comrades to safety before he collapsed and had to be carried to safety.
Lutie No. 5 Mine Explosion, Lutie, Oklahoma — The explosion sealed only one entry, known as number 10 1-2.  About 17 men were said to be in this entry.  Workmen reached entry 10 1-2 about two hours after the explosion and brought one man to the surface alive.  Two other miners, L. B. Boyd and Lon Swindle were brought out of mine alive but later died in Hartshorne Hospital.  Bodies of the other men were brought up slowly and taken to a morgue.
OCT 1930 West End Mine Cave-in, Mocanaqua, Pennsylvania — August Carucci, 30, was resting at home after being trapped in a cave-in for 14 hours in the mine of the West End Coal Company at Mocanaqua, Pennsylvania.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1930 Scranton Mine Subsidence, Scranton, Pennsylvania — Ralph Massankiel, age 25, and William Williams, age 52 were caught in a residential fall of ground in Scranton, Pennsylvania which trapped them for 9 hours.  Williams body was free above his hips and no more than Massankiel’s head was free during their ordeal.  This was the second of 2 subsidence events that took place.  The first occurred at 2 a.m. and the one which caught these two men occurred while workmen were repairing damages from the first.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1930 Carbonado Mine Explosion, Carbonado, Washington — 16 miners were rescued from behind a barricade several hours after an explosion in the Carbonado mine in Carbonado, Washington.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1930 New Peerless Mine Explosion, Helper, Utah — Eight men escaped alive after the blast.  A. L. Ross and L. S. King were burned about the face and hands and badly gassed.  They owe their lives to Vic Bain and Tony Canrinker, who placed the injured men in a mine car and signaled to have it drawn from the mine, but the apparatus was damaged by the explosion and failed to function.  Bain and Canrinker then carried Ross and King toward the entrance of the mine until they encountered fresh air.  Others rescued were B. W. Hall, Ole Swenson, Roy Story and Frank Hensley.
Wolf Run Mine Fire, Amsterdam, Ohio — Owing their lives to the desperate work of the Steubenville Fire Department and mine rescue squads, 87 miners were brought out of the mine after an undisclosed period.  About a dozen of them were unconscious when carried to the surface.  Two rescuers, Sidney Wales and Arnold Horton, collapsed from exhaustion after trampling for miles searching for workmen.  Two other miners died in the accident.
FEB 1930 Standard Coal Company, Standard Mine Explosion — Five were rescued by crews from nearby mining communities.  The five, taken out after an undisclosed period, had bratticed themselves from the deadly gas fumes, far back in the workings and had left notes directing their rescuers where to find them.
Ellangowan Colliery Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Felix Zegunis was rescued after an 8-hour entrapment in the Ellangowan Colliery at Pottsville, PA.  A fall of coal occurred in the pillar hole, middle split, knocking out timber and shutting off his escape.  The rock hole was closed above the fall.  The miner's buddy was coming up the manway when the fall occurred.  He gave the alarm and, in a few minutes, officials had a big force of rescuers at work.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1930 Lillybrook No. 1 Mine Explosion, Lillybrook, West Virginia — After an undisclosed period, the bodies of eight men, six of whom were Negroes, were recovered.  R. L. Meadows, one of the injured men, was found lying with the dead.  He was considered by physicians to have a chance for recovery.
Jermyn Mine Cave-in, Jermyn, Pennsylvania — Patrick McAndrew was rescued 2 hours after being trapped by a large cave-in at the Hudson Coal Company’s Jermyn mine.  He sustained a broken hip and was recovering at the State Hospital in Scranton.  Three others died in the same incident.  They were Harold Vansickle, James Charles, and William McAndrew, Patrick’s brother.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1929 East No. 5 Mine Explosion, Stotesbury, West Virginia — 12 miners were rescued from behind a barricade three hours after an explosion in the East No. 5 mine in West Virginia.  Two miners were killed in the incident.  Source document PDF Format
Old Town Mine Explosion, McAlester, Oklahoma — Two miners found their exit blocked after the explosion.  At this point, one of these men, Frank Gonzales, saw a third miner, Arnold Kissinger, collapse.  Mr. Gonzales and the second miner, Joe Ponsella, next dragged Mr. Kissinger into a room where there wasn't much smoke and worked with him for about three hours.  "After a while, said Gonzales, when no one came to help us, we believed we would die.  I said my prayers but I was not scared."  Rescue workers reached the three men five hours after the explosion.
Croft Mine Cave-in, Crosby, Minnesota — Rescuers were denied seeing the victim of this cave-in continue a normal life.  For six days they toiled and successfully released Gus Snyder, 47, from his tomb.  He was removed from the mine to the hospital, but due to his extensive internal injuries he died there.  Source document PDF Format
Brock Mine Cave-in, Cassville, West Virginia — Three men, trapped by a fall of coal 200 feet in length in the Brock Mine of the Continental Coal Company at Cassville were rescued after an undisclosed period.  A crew of 100 men worked with cutting machines in the hope of saving the lives of the three.  It was thought they might have been crushed by the fall.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1929 McNeil Coal Company Mine Cave-in, McGregor, Colorado — Three miners entombed 400 feet below the surface in the rock works of the McNeil Coal Company mine were liberated.  A crew of 50 men had worked in relays for — 13 hours — clearing away an avalanche of dirt, rocks and coal which had blocked the way.  The entombed men were suffering from intense cold but otherwise were none the worse for their experience.  They were supplied with air through a pipe.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1929 Terrible Edith Mine Fire, Murray, Idaho — Three miners were rescued from the Terrible Edith silver-lead mine.  They had been trapped for several hours by fire which swept the mine portal.  Rescuers from the Hecla Mine reached the imprisoned men who were crouched behind a barricade.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1929 Sherman Mine Explosion, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — After an explosion struck the Sherman Coal Company mine near Pottsville, Pennsylvania, forty trapped miners were rescued after 1½ hours of absolute horror and hopelessness.  A second explosion rocked the colliery, sending another sheet of flame roaring through the corridor.  This flame seared the rescuers "like a breath of hell," as one of them described it.  The rescue squad made its painful way back to the surface and the four Injured were rushed to a hospital.   The third blast occurred, literally blowing the imprisoned men through the chute to safety.  All the men who were in the mine made it safely to the open.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1929 Three miners became ensnared in a cave-in at the 750-foot level of the South Eureka Mine, Sutter Creek, California.  George Carevich escaped unaided and reported the accident.  After several hours, Thomas Rodovich, who was entombed with Mike Matlick, was taken out alive but badly lacerated.  While no further news about Matlick could be found, it was agreed by company officials that his chances of survival were slim.  Source document External Link
MAY 1929 Nesquehoning Colliery Cave-in, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — John Prelana, 40, was rescued after being buried alive for fourteen hours from a fall of rock in the No. 2 shaft of the Nesquehoning colliery, near Tamaqua.  Andrew Sweetick, 38, died in the accident.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1929 Frisco Mine Cave-in, Wallace, Idaho — Oscar Johnson and John Amonson were rescued 48 hours after a cave-in occurred at the Frisco mine at Wallace, Idaho.  The cook of the Frisco mine was the chief hero of the rescue party.  At 2-hour intervals, food was carried up the mountainside including great bowls of savory smelling soup and warm milk which were passed through a pipe to the trapped miners.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1929 Kinloch Mine Explosion, Parnassus, Pennsylvania — Lawrence Allshouse, aged 28, was found alive and carried from the pit.  Still alive after lying in an injured condition for twenty-seven hours, Allshouse was removed to a hospital where it was said he probably would die.  He was semi-conscious.
FEB 1929 Twin Falls Avalanche, Twin Falls, Idaho — Miners working in a canyon near Twin Falls, Idaho, dug in the snow an hour to rescue a fellow worker buried in a slide.  The miner was unconscious and almost frozen to death but physicians said he probably would recover.  Source document PDF Format
No. 8 Mine Cave-in, Coaldale, Pennsylvania — Imprisoned eight hours beneath slides of coal and earth that buried him twice when rescue was in sight, Robert Parfitt, 25, was liberated alive from a shaft in the Number 8 mine at Coaldale.  He had been kept alive during the day by means of oxygen lines brought to him when the debris was first removed from about his head, shortly after the accident happened.  The debris was cleared and an oxygen line placed at the nose of Parfitt as the workers began clearing the remainder of his body.  They had nearly liberated him when another fall buried Parfitt again.  The work was resumed once more and was near completion during the afternoon when another fall imprisoned Parfitt.  The work was resumed a fourth time and the workers were able to bring Parfitt from under the debris.  Parfitt was taken to the Coaldale hospital where he was reported as resting comfortably and was expected to recover.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1929 Shenandoah Colliery Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Anthony Benasheski was rescued after being entombed for one hour behind a fall of rock at the West Shenandoah colliery of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company.  He suffered a fractured ankle.  Source document PDF Format
Harco Mine Fall of Person, Harrisburg, Illinois — Everett Bowlin, a Harco coal miner, was recovering from injuries suffered in a miraculous escape from death.  Confused by a cloud of steam which belched from a 500-foot mine shaft, Bowlin stepped into the opening, thinking the hoist was at the top.  After plunging approximately 300 feet he managed to grasp the ropes which operate the cage, and for 15 minutes held on until the cage raised to meet him.  Then he collapsed on top of the cage and was hoisted to the surface.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1928 McAlpin Mine Explosion, McAlpin, West Virginia — A coal dust explosion occurred, killing six men.  There were twenty men in the mine at the time of the explosion.  Sixteen men escaped the affected area; two of this number started to erect a barricade but were rescued shortly after starting construction.  The explosion was undoubtedly started by a firing of an "adobe" shot on a piece of sandstone.
AUG 1928 Irvona No. 3 Mine Explosion, Coalport, Pennsylvania — A gas and dust explosion occurred in this mine.  There were 102 men working on the shaft, but some left the mine and only 14 were in the affected section when the explosion occurred.  Eight men were killed by violence, five were overcome by afterdamp and one man, Marina Coccia, who was overcome, was rescued and resuscitated after an undisclosed period.  The explosion was probably caused by an open-type mining machine, another of the long list of electrical ignitions in closed light mines.
JUL 1928 Locust Springs Colliery Inundation — A dam burst without warning and flooded the shaft in the Locust Gap Colliery.  Hearing the rush of the water, forty-nine men barely had time to reach a travelway, crawl into safety holes and make their way to the No. 1 level where they were rescued after an undisclosed period.  Only one of the men, James Carey, of Girardville, required medical attention.  He suffered from shock.
JUN 1928 National No. 1 Mine Explosion, National, West Virginia — Five miners were killed and seven others were injured seriously when an explosion occurred in the National mine of the National Fuel Company.  All other men in the mine at the time escaped or were rescued alive.  Ten men, rescued alive after an undisclosed period, were rushed to a hospital.  Seven were burned and otherwise injured.  The National mine is a drift operation and normally employs about 100 men.  Two of the Injured were not expected to live.  The blast occurred shortly before the night shift was scheduled to leave the workings.  Twenty-five miners were in the mine and thirteen escaped or were rescued.  Most of them suffered injuries of a less serious nature.  The injured were brought to the Monongalia county hospital here.  The explosion, it was said, was caused by gas.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1928 Frank Bucsha was found alive and said to be in good condition after he was found 55 hours following the Mather Mine explosion in Mather, Pennsylvania on May 19, 1928.  195 miners were killed in the blast of the mine owned by Pickands-Mather and Company.  Another miner, John Wade, was rescued from the same mine after 147 hours.  Mine officials said he must have been wandering around in the mine and was missed by the rescuers.  Source document External Link
FEB 1928 Mama No. 3 Mine Explosion, Jenny Lind, Arkansas — Immediately after the early morning explosion in the Mama No. 3 mine, every miner in the district and volunteers were hurriedly formed into rescue parties.  Shortly before noon, an entrance was blasted into the tomb where the miners were trapped and 105 men were rescued.  About 35 of these were injured in the explosion and others were suffering from the effects of gas.
One miner was found alive after an explosion at the Kinlock underground coal mine of the Valley Camp Coal Company in Parnassus, Pennsylvania near Pittsburgh.  The rescued miner was trapped for nearly 1 day.  12 miners were killed in this accident.  (Parnassus was later renamed New Kensington).
Buck Run Colliery Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — After being shut in by a rush of coal in the Buck Run Colliery for 24 hours, John Drenosky was rescued and removed from the mine uninjured.  Source document PDF Format
Potts Colliery Cave-in, Ashland, Pennsylvania — Henry Knock, 51, was entombed for three hours in the Potts Colliery at Ashland, Pennsylvania.  He became trapped when falling timber caused the top to give way and close in on him.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1928 Eight miners were brought out of the Peabody Coal Company Mine No. 18 alive and uninjured.  They were: Bill Reed, Alex Hamlin, Tony Strauss, Charles Peebles, Will Allen, Ruel Parks, Charles Mitchell and James Benn.  Reed crawled out of an air shaft while Hamlin and Strauss were in another part of the mine and built a protecting wall to prevent the deadly gas from reaching them.  W. E. Wade, another rescued miner was suffering from the effects of gas.
DEC 1927 Luke Fidler Colliery Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — Twenty-one hours after they had been entombed in the Hickory Swamp slope of the Luke Fidler colliery, two men were rescued alive, without a scratch to show for their experience.  The men, John Kowloski, and Wasil Rapunski became entombed when a shot of dynamite they had fired brought down tons of coal and earth, blocking the slope in which they were working.  Mine officials began an investigation when wives of the two men told them the men did not return home after work.  It was the first day of work for both men as miners in this mine.  Source document PDF Format
Coal Hollow Mine Cave-in, Princeton, Illinois — William Glover and James Terrando were saved by a pile of coal they had mined when a cave-in occurred at the Coal Hollow Mine near Princeton.  The men were working alone in a pocket of the mine and had a large quantity of coal piled and when they heard props crashing above them took refuge behind the coal.  A great slide of earth came upon them, partially covering them, and it is believed that the coal saved their lives, holding back the full force of the slide.  Miners in a nearby room heard the fall and rushed to the rescue and within half an hour they were freed.  Both were recovering in the Princeton hospital.  Glover received a deep scalp wound, a fractured shoulder and a badly bruised ankle.  Terrando's injuries were cuts and bruises and were not serious.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1927 Turkey Run Colliery Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Rescuers worked more than ten hours to release Julian Jecken, a miner who was imprisoned in the Turkey Run colliery after being caught under a fall of rock and coal.  He was removed at once to the Locust Mountain State hospital, where it was said he was suffering from contusions, a possible fracture of the pelvis, and lacerations on the forehead.  He was treated by the company surgeon of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company immediately after being released from his precarious position.  The injured man's condition was reported as serious.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1927 Mammoth Mine Fire, Mammoth, Utah — Twenty-five miners who were trapped for 4 hours on the 1300 foot level of the Mammoth Mine were rescued.  None of the miners suffered serious effects from their imprisonment.  Source document PDF Format
Peck Mine Powered Haulage Accident, Scranton, Pennsylvania — Between forty and fifty miners, trapped in the Peck Mine of the Glendale Coal Company were rescued after an undisclosed period.  All were in good condition and apparently suffered but slightly from their imprisonment.  The men were shut off from the outside world when a wheel in the tower of the colliery collapsed, dropping the heavy steel cable bolding a mine cage filled with rock.  The cage ran wild down the shaft and became wedged just above the Hudak vein, which was the upper level of the mine and 200 feet below the surface.  More than 200 workers in two lower veins got out through an opening so small, that some of the stouter miners had their clothing torn off as they were pulled through the tiny holes in the earth.  The men in the Hudak vein, however, had no other way out except through the main shaft and were forced to wait until the obstruction could be cleared.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1927 Brindle Mine Asphyxiation, Latrobe, Pennsylvania — N. Mack Morley lay for 6 hours in the Brindle mine before he was finally rescued.  Fastened together with a rope so that if one of their number was overcome by the treacherous blackdamp the others could drag him, three members of a rescue crew, succeeded in getting through the pocket of gas which for hours had baffled their efforts to rescue Morley.  Working as quickly as possible, the first man in the chain passed his arms under the prostrated man and he was dragged to safety.  The successful rescue attempt had been preceded by a number of futile efforts to reach the miner.  The chain of men which finally succeeded in making the rescue was composed of: Kermit Topper, Andy Hefflefinger, and Floyd Hefflefinger, with the latter in the lead.  Morley was unconscious when rescued.  He was placed in Gosnell's ambulance and rushed to the Latrobe hospital.  Source document PDF Format
Clarence Lozier Mine Cave-in, New Derry, Pennsylvania — Benjamin Rosman, a miner employed at the Clarence Lozier mine at New Derry suffered a fracture of his right leg and had an artificial leg smashed off near the hip when he and his brother William Rosman were caught under a ton of rock which fell from the roof.  William suffered a fracture of the right ankle. Both men were brought to the Latrobe hospital after an undisclosed period.  Benjamin had just raised his pick into the air to test the roof when the huge rock fell without warning, pinning both men beneath it.  Source document PDF Format
Mather Mine Lost Person, Mather, Pennsylvania — Earnest Grewshock, aged 44, was rescued by a searching party after being lost for 18 hours in the Mather mine.  He appeared none the worse for his experience when brought to the surface.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1927 West Kentucky No. 7 Mine Explosion, Clay, Kentucky — Sixteen of the miners who were preparing to come to the surface at the time of the explosion were rescued after an undisclosed period.  They were 10 white men and six negroes.  None of them was seriously injured.  The explosion wrecked the cages used to lift the miners and coal from the pit and those saved had to be carried through a mine hole used to circulate air.
MAY 1927 Delagua No. 3 Mine Explosion, Delagua, Colorado — One hundred and thirty two men were in the Delagua No. 3 mine at the time of the blast and all with the exception of the dead and one injured man reached the surface safely through air shafts.  John Walker, 62, was seriously injured and was brought out of the mine four hours after the explosion.
APR 1927 Federal No. 3 Mine Explosion, Everettville, West Virginia — Nine men were cut off in the south main section until one came out through the smoke and returned with a party wearing self-rescuers.  The eight men who had barricaded themselves in a room were supplied with self-rescuers and walked out after an undisclosed period.
Gimlet Colliery Cave-in, Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania — Joseph Dragon and Steve Kieski were rescued from their 20-hour entrapment in the Gimlet Colliery of the Shipman Coal Company.  The two miners became trapped when a squeeze closed the manway.  After a span of 25 feet of heading was opened, rescuers worked night and day to drive a pillar hole 50 feet up the pitch.  Source document PDF Format
Wise Mine Inundation, Henryetta, Oklahoma — Nineteen miners were rescued after an undisclosed period from the flooded Wise mine near Henryetta, Oklahoma.  Two mules had also been trapped and the men.  Knowing what it meant to be imprisoned underground, the rescued miners volunteered to work without pay to man the pumps and free the mules.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1927 Joseph Schultz, a miner at the Henry Clay Colliery near Shamokin, Pennsylvania was entombed 4½ hours in a blind heading after a pillar crumbled when disturbed by a shot.  He was penned behind hundreds of tons of coal and rock in a space about 3 feet wide and 6 feet long.  Rescuers found him exhausted.   Source document External Link
Archbald Mine Cave-in, Taylor, Pennsylvania — Three mine workers crawled to safety after being held prisoners by a massive fall of roof in the Archbald mine of the Glen Alden Coal Company at Taylor for 27 hours.  The men seemed to show no ill effects for their experience.  After being examined by physicians at the mines they were taken to their homes and today seemed to have recovered completely from their nerve-racking incarceration.  The trapped men were: Michael Kleback, aged 27; Peter Saynuk, aged 22; and Stanley Glinko, aged 19.  Source document PDF Format
Highland Mine No. 5 Cave-in, Highland, Pennsylvania — Andrew Zippi, and his laborer, Andrew Danko were both caught under a fall of coal in the Highland No. 5 mines of the Jeddo-Highland Coal Company and held prisoners for three hours.  The men were found by members of the night shift who were reporting for duty.  A call for help was immediately sent and thirty men responding to the call.  The thirty men loaded 30 cars of coal and rock, and they succeeded in freeing the two men.  At the hospital, Zippi was found to be suffering from injuries of the back and contusions of the body, and Danko, his laborer, was found to be suffering from injuries of the head and contusions of the body.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1927 Newport Mine Cave-in, Ironwood, Michigan — One miner was rescued and the body of a companion recovered from under a fall of rock and ore which trapped them at Newport mine after an undisclosed period.  Peter Clement was slightly injured.  Angelo Angelini was killed.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1926 Locust Run Mine Cave-in, Centralia, Pennsylvania — Caught underneath a fall of top at the Locust Run mine, William Shemanski suffered fractures to both legs, a number of broken ribs and possible internal injuries.  Following an undisclosed period, he was taken to the Fountain Springs Hospital where he was listed in very critical condition.  Source document PDF Format
Mine No. 2 Explosion, Francisco, Indiana — One man was killed and a score injured in an explosion which wrecked the shaft of the Francisco, Indiana Mine No. 2, shortly after fifty-two men had been lowered to work.  The shaft was badly wrecked, but not completely blocked and rescue work was started at once.  At 10 a.m. forty men had been brought to the surface and twenty of them were taken to hospitals.  Many were walking home uninjured.  Some were painfully burned.  Two hours after the explosion, two dazed workers crawled to safety through a man-way, but they could tell but little of what had occurred.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1926 Mound Mine Explosion — An explosion killed 5 of the 18 men in the mine.  Two died of burns and 3 from carbon monoxide poisoning.  Two injured men were rescued several hours later and 11 escaped uninjured.  Gas accumulated by the wrecking of a door, was ignited by the arcing of a trolley wheel of a locomotive.  Coal dust was ignited, but the explosion was stopped by rock dust and water on the entries.
Six miners were trapped by water in the Tomhicken Mine of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company in Pennsylvania on November 16, 1926.  One man died, but five men were rescued 8 days later.  Source document External Link
Morea Colliery Mudslide, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Two men entombed when a mud swamp gave way blocking the entrance to the Morea Colliery were brought to the surface uninjured.  The men who were trapped were rescued after 13 hours of feverish work by squad of 50 men assembled by officials of the Madeira, Hill and Company, owners of the mine.  Source document PDF Format
Gardner Mine Fall of Person, Brazil, Indiana — Buck Carter, a coal miner, was injured seriously when he fell down the shaft of the Gardner mine.  He was suffering from a fractured skull and injuries to his back besides severe lacerations.  The mud and water at the bottom of the shaft broke the force of the fall.  He was taken to the Community Hospital at Brazil.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1926 Tahona No. 29 Mine Explosion, Tahona, Oklahoma — After about 3 hours, George Adams saved himself and three workmen, including Sam Cox.  Cox was burned and was bleeding about the body.  Adams dragged him through the debris to the surface and then returned for the two other men.  At another location, Lee Carter was almost overcome by gas fumes when a rescue party carried him to safety.
G. Pabst Iron Mine Rescue, Ironwood, Michigan — 43 miners were rescued after nearly — 6 days — of imprisonment more than 700 feet underground in the G. Pabst iron mine near Ironwood, Michigan.  The hero of the disaster was Captain Thomas Trewartha, their 67-year-old mine boss who displayed courage and kept the men cheerful throughout their ordeal.  On June 23, 1927, Thomas Trewartha was given the Joseph A. Holmes medal for heroism at the banquet of the Lake Superior Mining section of the National Safety council.  Source document 1 PDF Format  Source document 2 PDF Format 
AUG 1926 Five miners were trapped for six days and seven nights by a cave-in at the Hudson Zinc and Spar Mine near Salem, Kentucky.  Rescuers worked through much difficulty to free the men who were mostly affected by the cold and their thirst.  The 5 rescued miners included Randolph Cobb, Roy James, George Catillo, U. B. Wilson, and Harry Watson.  Underground prayer meetings had caused conversion of last man, read the New York Times headline on August 12, 1926.  All were ready to die.  "If we are dead when you find us, we are saved," was written on their cloth caps.  Source document External Link
Clymer No. 1 Mine Explosion, Clymer, Pennsylvania — Four miners were rescued by the first group of rescuers that entered the shaft after an undisclosed period.  They were working at the foot of the shaft and were dragged to safety before the gases ended their lives.  All were said to be suffering broken bones and internal injuries.  Several minutes later four other men were found and brought out.  They were still warm and first aid was given.  After two hours' work and all means known to medical science had been exhausted, they were pronounced dead.
JUL 1926 Peach Orchard Mine Roof Fall, Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania — Seven miners were killed and eight others injured, some seriously, in a roof fall at the Peach Orchard mine of the Glen Alden Coal Company.  Four bodies had been recovered.  After an undisclosed period, eight others were rescued and taken to hospitals.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1926 Alpha Portland Cement Asphyxiation, Ironton, Ohio — The last of eighty miners overcome by gas in the mine of the Alpha Portland Cement company were rescued alive by 11:45 a.m., five hours after they had entered the mine.  Officials are unable to account for the accumulation of gas.  On reaching the workings this morning the men began to lose consciousness.  Those nearest the shaft left the mine and reported the condition and a rescue crew was hurriedly organized.  Source document PDF Format
Kaiser Bunkers Landslide, Black Butte, California — Voyle Richardson, 21, was unscathed except for shock, after he was buried for seven hours beneath twenty-five feet of rock.  A quick wit, nimble muscles and a waiting steel bucket saved the young man’s life.  When he saw tons of rock and debris hurtling from the mountainside, he leaped beneath the large container, which tipped and sheltered its occupant as the slide thundered over.  Richardson was employed at the Kaiser bunkers at Black Butte.  He was engaged in splicing a cable to one of the buckets in the deep, narrow cut.  When the slide started he realized that he was trapped and took the desperate choice of crouching under the bucket rather than to make the futile attempt of flight in the path of the slide.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1926 Mount Lookout Mine Fire, Wyoming, Pennsylvania — Between 60 and 70 miners trapped behind a fire in the Mount Lookout mine were all safely rescued and accounted for after an undisclosed period.  The hero of the rescue was the mine foreman, Thomas Heslop, who led the miners back through the gangway where they erected lattice work lifting themselves to an airshaft where they remained until the flames were extinguished.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1926 Grizzly Mine Cave-in, Oroville, California — Thomas B. McDermott was rescued after being entombed for 72 hours in the Grizzly mine near Oroville, California.  He was the lone survivor of the cave-in.  Two others, Billy Cope and Horse McBride, did not last to be rescued.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1926 In Eccles, West Virginia, ten miners were imprisoned in the Crab Orchard No. 5 mine for 26 hours following an explosion there.  The men credited their rescue to the experience and coolness of P. J. Davis, night foreman and the leader of the little band.  He had the men build a wall of lumber, stones and soft mud, which experts said, would have successfully repelled the foul air indefinitely.
JAN 1926 21 miners managed to escape death's clutches after being trapped for 24 hours in the mule stables following an explosion of the Jamison No. 8 mine in Farmington, West Virginia.  19 miners were killed in the disaster.
Mossboro No. 1 Mine Explosion, Helena, Alabama — After an undisclosed period following the Mossboro No. 1 mine explosion, twelve men were brought out of the mine alive in one group to be followed by another squad of 13 workers.
Eight negro miners were rescued after an undisclosed period from the No. 21 mine in Wilburton, Oklahoma.  And in a truly heroic effort, Julius Graham, one of the first 7 rescued negroes, rushed back in and saved his step-brother, Roy Gray.
Bear Canyon Coal Company Mine Explosion, Trinidad, Colorado — Between 25 and 30 men were trapped in the Bear Canyon Coal Company’s mine in Bear canyon near Trinidad following a gas explosion.  All the men were taken out of the mine after an undisclosed period, according to word from the state mine inspector.  Ten of the miners received serious burns, two whose recovery was uncertain.  The condition of three others was considered extremely serious.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1925 Overton No. 2 Mine Explosion, Acmar, Alabama — A Negro miner owed his escape to his mule.  Back somewhere in the pit when the gas was worst and conditions appeared darkest for the entombed men, out through the slope opening flashed a big fat mule.  Clinging to the mule's tail was the Negro who had become temporarily blinded by the blast and took this means of saving himself.  He said he knew the mule would "get out if there was any getting."
Cardinal Mine Fire, Nederland, Colorado — 20 miners were rescued from behind a barricade sixteen hours after a fire in the Cardinal gold mine in Colorado.  One miner was killed in the incident.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1925 Trenton Coal Mine Cave-in, Trenton, Missouri — Seven miners dug their way to freedom after having been entombed for eleven hours more than 200 feet underground by a cave-in of the shaft of the Trenton Coal Mine.  They were none the worse for their experiences.  They had taken food into the mine with them and there was ample air supply.  Rescue workers, who had dug feverishly at the fallen earth and rock shutting the men in, heard the click of shovels on the other side of the barrier.  Soon the entombed miners tunneled through to the open passage.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1925 Tilden Mine Cave-in, Bessemer, Michigan — After being buried under a slide of earth and rock for nearly ten hours, Suvie Guianni, 34, was rescued from the Tilden mine.  He became trapped while attempting to reach Adolph Stencer, who had been crushed to death in an earlier slide.  Guianni was engaged in removing the fallen earth from Stencer’s body when the second slide occurred.  Everyone but Guianni jumped in time to escape.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1925 Baltic Mine Cave-in, Grass Valley, California — Robert Hill was rescued after being imprisoned for 57 hours in the black hole of the Baltic mine.  Had he been a few feet closer to the mouth of the tunnel, he would have been crushed in the cave-in which imprisoned him.  For 24 hours he did not hear a sound and had no means of knowing whether rescue work was under way.  He felt confident, however, that he would be rescued.  After his rescue, Hill was in good physical condition, but was pale and worn from his experience.  Source document PDF Format
M & S Mining Cave-in, Joplin, Missouri — Harry Long, 34, entombed by a fall of rock and dirt for 5 hours in the M & S Mining Company shaft was rescued.  Aside from a cut on his head, he was none the worse for his experience.  A mass of timbers falling over a mining tub formed a protecting barrier for Long, keeping the heavy rocks from crushing him.  A timber struck him across the head, knocking him unconscious.  It was forty-five minutes before he regained consciousness and it was then that his shouts reached the ears of his brother, William Long.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1925 Eagle Hill Colliery Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — After being buried several hours, Norman Lavenberg, a miner at Eagle Hill colliery, was rescued alive.  Lavenberg was imprisoned when a big mass of coal blocked him off from his fellow miners.  Miners worked frantically to rescue him before he became a victim of mine gas and when rescued he was taken to the Pottsville Hospital without any apparent serious injuries.  He was suffering from shock.  Source document PDF Format
Hecla Mine Fire, Burke, Idaho — Fourteen men, trapped by fire in the lower working of the Hecla silver-lead mine at Burke, seven miles from Wallace, put into commission a pump within the mine, fought the flames for more than twelve hours and came out alive and well.  They had been imprisoned in the Star workings of the Hecla, about two miles from the shaft.  Mine rescue crews had poured water down the shaft of the mine upon the blaze that had broken out in the pump station of the 2,000-foot level.  The fourteen men, turned back by smoke and fumes when they sought the shaft after discovering the fire, had gone into the Star tunnel and obtained a pump.  Then it was simply a matter of pumping water on the fire and waiting for the smoke to clear.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1925 Peabody Mine Asphyxiation, Riverton, Illinois — Seventeen miners were rescued after an undisclosed period following the detonation of a windy shot in the Peabody mine near Riverton, Illinois.  The miners were overcome by the bad air following the explosion.  The shotfirer was also overcome and injured in the incident.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1925 City Mine Explosion, Sullivan, Indiana — Emery Davidson of Sullivan was the first injured man to be brought from the workings after an undisclosed period.  He had a badly crushed chest, suffered when slate and rock loosened from the roof of the mine by the blast fell on him.
Low Ash Mine Rescue, Crown City, West Virginia — John Robinson was rescued in a semi-conscious condition after being lost for nine days in the Low Ash mine at Crown City, West Virginia.  Robinson had gone into the mine to repair a pump.  His carbide lamp fell into the water and being unfamiliar with the mine, he wandered aimlessly in the dark.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1925 Abandoned Mine Cave-in, Mount Washington, Pennsylvania — Tony Bertullo,14, was rescued from an abandoned mine in Mount Washington after having been imprisoned for twenty hours by a cave-in.  The boy was exploring the mine Saturday when a portion of the roof fell, confining him in a space about five feet square.  He was rescued by his father and a neighbor after an all-night search had led them to the abandoned mine.  With the exception of being hungry, the boy showed no ill effects.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1924 Thomaston Colliery Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Although he was rescued alive after being entombed under a fall of coal, Edward Haughney died half an hour after he had been released by fellow-miners.  It was believed the reaction after the terrible strain caused Haughney’s death as much as any injuries.  All precautions failed to save Haughney.  Richard Pippsett, a miner entombed with Haughney, was rescued after an undisclosed period with slight injuries.  The accident occurred at Thomaston colliery.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1924 Hart Coal Corp. Mine Explosion, Madisonville, Kentucky — Six miners who were imprisoned by an explosion in the Hart Coal corporation mine near Madisonville, Kentucky were rescued after an undisclosed period.  Witnesses declared the force of the blast threw a pillar of flame 100 feet into the air from the mouth of the shaft.  The tipple was partly wrecked and the cage jammed in the shaft.  This caused an accumulation of debris in the shaft and hampered efforts of rescuers to reach the men imprisoned underground.  The explosion prostrated high tension electric lines which crossed the mouth of the shaft, adding to the difficulty of rescue workers and throwing this place in darkness for an hour.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1924 William Penn Colliery Rescue, Mount Carmel, PA — Anthony Stervis, 41, was found nearly frozen in an abandoned breast of the William Penn mine after he went missing for nearly a day.  From what could be learned, Stervis, who was a night shift employee at the mine, had attended a funeral the day before where he was said to have taken several drinks of hootch.  When found, he was completely naked and suffering from exposure.  An examining physician said he was suffering from the cold, had several minor cuts, and appeared to be in a semi-demented condition.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1924 Unnamed Anthracite Coal Mine Cave-in, Sugar Notch, Pennsylvania — Joseph P. Riley, 34, mine trackman, rescued Chester Stavinski, 12, from a mine cave-in, Sugar Notch, Pennsylvania, August 4, 1924.  While Chester and several other boys were gathering berries on a hillside, Chester fell into a narrow hole at the top of an old chamber of a mine.  The chamber had been abandoned for five years, and the top had caved in.  Nothing was known of its depth or condition.  Riley, having a rope tied around him, was lowered 200 feet to Chester, who lay at the bottom of the chamber.  He held Chester as men at the surface pulled them to the surface.  Chester died in a few hours as a result of injuries received when he fell.  Mr. Riley was bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for his bravery.  Source document External Link
Rekley Colliery Cave-in, Hazleton, Pennsylvania — Adolph Minnick and Lester Miller, miners in the Buck Mountain section of the Rekley Colliery of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company, were closed in by a fall of roof.  They were rescued unharmed two hours later by fellow workers.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1924 Black Iron Mine Cave-in, Gilman, Colorado — Five miners entombed for 3 days in the Black Iron Mine of the Empire Zinc Mining Company were rescued when a drift was driven through virgin granite to the slope in which the men were confined.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1924 Black Diamond Mine Cave-in, Seattle, Washington — Stanley Cooney, 24, was rescued alive after being trapped for more than a day in the Black Diamond mine near Seattle, Washington. Two other miners died in the accident. The body of Robert Pouchette was recovered and the search for O. C. Wise was called off.  Source document PDF Format
Anthracite Mine Fall of Person Rescue, Centralia, Pennsylvania — John Lavelle had a narrow escape from death while returning to his home from the Germantown colliery shop where he was employed as a laborer, when he fell into a treacherous mine breach and was rendered unconscious for a considerable length of time.  The unfortunate miner was homeward bound before daybreak after working on the night shift and was walking along the path from Germantown to Centralia when he veered from the path and walked into the mine hole.  He was found several hours later by miners who had occasion to pass that way.  He was found to be badly bruised and lacerated and suffered greatly from shock due to his frightful experience.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1924 Yukon No. 2 Mine Explosion, Yukon, West Virginia — After an undisclosed period following the explosion, six of the thirty-two men in No. 2 mine escaped death, and were rescued by fellow workmen from the No. 1 mine.
Buck Mountain Mine Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — Stephen Roca, 22, and his two mules were rescued after their 15-hour entombment in the Buck Mountain mine of the Lehigh Valley mining company.  Source document PDF Format
Alden Coal Company Mine Cave-in, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — Daniel Wallace was rescued after enduring an entombment of eleven hours by a fall of rock in the Glen Alden Coal Company mine where three men were killed on March 11.  Rescue squads, working in relays, took out hundreds of cars of rock and coal to reach Wallace.  While his injuries were minor, he was suffering greatly from shock.  Source document PDF Format
Henshaw Mine No. 1 Explosion, Henshaw, West Virginia — Rescue workers dug through debris to the three men entombed in Henshaw Mine No. 1, of the Bingahom Valley Coal Company at Henshaw, and found Joseph Madill, 62, dead, and rescued Joseph Madill, Jr., 21, and John Cosier, 30.  The men were trapped by a gas explosion for an undisclosed period when they went into the mine to start pumps working.  Young Madill and Cosier were exhausted when found.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1924 Milford Mine Inundation, Crosby, Minnesota — Fourteen-year-old Frank Hrvatin was responsible for saving the lives of two men when a surface cave-in caused water to flood the Milford mine from nearby Foley Lake a few miles north of Crosby.  Frank reached the mine’s one vertical shaft and began to scurry up the ladder.  With water climbing fast, Frank wormed around an older miner, Harry Hosford.  But another exhausted miner, Matt Kangas, clogged their escape route.  Frank recalled the "superhuman strength" that took over and enabled him to squirm between Kangas’ legs and hoist the man rung-by-rung up to safety.  Then he reached back down and grabbed the wrist of Hosford, who was up to his waist in rising muck, hollering: "For God’s sakes, hurry!  The three miners were among only seven that got out.
JAN 1924 McClintock Mine Explosion, Johnston City, Illinois — Nine injured miners were removed by rescuers after an undisclosed period following an explosion in the McClintock mine which killed 33.  Eight of the injured were hospitalized.  Two were believed fatally hurt.
Park Place Colliery Cave-in, Lehigh Valley Coal Company — Frank Kasian was released from his prison 30 hours after becoming trapped in Slope No. 7, Park Place Colliery of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company.  But the story doesn’t end there.  A second miner, John Koszeinik, was still unaccounted for.  Rescuers continued their vigil for seventeen days.  Koszeinik’s body was found five feet from reaching a chute that would have protected him from death.  Source document PDF Format
Calumet & Hecla Mine Cave-in, Calumet, Michigan — John Haun, underground foreman for the Calumet & Hecla Mining Company owed his life to the heroism of James Phillips, a miner, who permitted a mass of falling rock to slide upon his body so that he might protect Haun, who lay beneath him.  Haun was struck by a large block of loose ground and was pinned under the rock, with only his head, face upward, protruding.  While in that position, Phillips observed another area of loose rock slowly sliding down the slope toward Haun's head.  Realizing that the rock would crush and perhaps kill Haun, Phillips stood in such a position that his foreman would be protected and with his back arched, waited until the sliding rock struck him.  Haun's face was sheltered while Phillips received the brunt of the burden.  Workmen extricated the two a few minute later, Haun received severe injury to the spine, while Phillips back and hips were badly injured.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1923 Unnamed Clay Mine Cave-in, Brazil, Indiana — Reuben A. Brown, 50, mine driver, attempted to save Andrew J. Hamilton, 35, clay miner, from a mine cave-in, Brazil, Indiana, December 3, 1923.  Hamilton was caught under a fall of shale in a cross cut in a clay mine.  Brown, who was 14 feet from Hamilton, hurried to him but was unable to lift a large slab of shale that rested on his back.  Three other miners were attracted, and as Brown and two of them attempted to lift the slab off Hamilton, a second fall occurred.  Brown was struck and held fast against the wall, and one of the miners, J. Franklin Elson, was instantly killed.  Four other miners then arrived, and although bits of shale continued to drop, they freed Brown and Hamilton.  Hamilton sustained a broken arm and cuts and bruises.  Brown was severely lacerated and bruised and was disabled five weeks.  The following men were given the Carnegie Hero Award for their bravery: Reuben A. Brown; J. Herbert Batchelor; Amos J. Stamper; R. Delane Tabor; Walter Penman; Robert F. Buchholz; John E. Martin; and J. Franklin Elson (posthumously).  Source document External Link
OCT 1923 Glendower Colliery Inundation, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Two mules were trapped in the Buck Mountain Slope, South Dip, at the Glendower Colliery, but were rescued by the daring efforts of one of the employees who struggled for two hours in water up to his waist before he could bring the animals out to safety.  A huge volume of water had broken through and the old workings in various parts of the mines were flooded up to the timber.  Source document PDF Format
Decatur Mine Fall of Persons, Decatur, Illinois — Two men were dying and two others were suffering from serious injuries as the result of a fall of 100 feet in the shaft of the Decatur Coal Company mine.  The men were being lowered to the 600-foot level in a huge cage.  At the 500-foot level the cable broke, precipitating the cage and men.  One of the men suffered a broken back, another, injuries to the head and body, while the other two sustained broken legs and possible internal injuries.  It was not until seven hours after the accident that the cable was repaired and the injured were taken to the surface.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1923 Turkey Run Colliery Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Joseph Bartinsavage, a contract miner at Turkey Run Colliery, had a narrow escape from being buried alive when he was closed in behind a heavy fall of coal and rock for almost six hours.  Fellow workmen, at the risk of their lives, owing to the top continually caving in, finally rescued him, only slightly Injured.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1923 Frontier No. 1 Mine Explosion, Kemmerer, Wyoming — At 5 o'clock rescuers found a man lying in the main slope who was nearing death from inhalation of smoke and gas fumes.  He was revived by a pulmotor and brought to the surface, where he was taken to a hospital.  He was expected to recover.  A short time later, two men who had hidden in a remote corner of a room off the main slope were taken to the surface, apparently not suffering greatly from their entombment.  Another man, found further in along the main slope, showed signs of life when rescuers reached him, but when doctors attempted to revive him, it was found that he had died.
Co-operative Mining Company Cave-in, Silver City, New Mexico — Six of seven miners trapped for an undisclosed period in a cave-in at the Co-operative Mining Company were rescued.  The seventh man was killed in the incident.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1923 Northside Mine Cave-in, Bicknell, Indiana — Three miners and a Shetland pony were trapped by a cave-in at the Northside mine in Bicknell, Indiana.  On June 28, the three miners were rescued.  Because of the dangerous conditions, mine officials decided that the pony could not be rescued.  At the urging of the rescued miners, company officials consented to let the men continue with the rescue effort for the pony, and after — 10 days — of confinement, the pony was rescued.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1923 New Mine Cave-in, Bucknell, Indiana — Three miners were rescued 80 hours after a cave-n occurred at the New Mine at Bucknell, Indiana.  The 3 men were identified as Jim Bertillo, Joe Bernardi, and Frank Maberto.  The men were near the shaft when the hoist rope broke and the cage, full of coal, went crashing to the bottom, causing the cave-in.  More than 2,500 people waited at the shaft for their rescue.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1923 Hoosier Mine Lost Person, Globe, Arizona — Frank Chadwick, a prospector, was recuperating from his horrifying experience, when he was lost 24 hours in the bowels of the earth after his lamp went out while he was exploring the famous crystalline cavern of the Hoosier mine near Globe.  Searching parties brought him to the surface after he had spent a day and night aimlessly wandering in the cavernous depths.  He was suffering severely from nervous shock and cold and from lack of food and water.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1923 Maple Hill Colliery Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Charles McCloskey was trapped for 5 hours after a fall of rock occurred at the Maple Hill Colliery at Pottsville, Pennsylvania.  He was uninjured with the exception of slight bruises of the legs.  Source document PDF Format
Cactus Mine Cave-in, Globe, Arizona — W. Castanado was rescued 24 hours after he became entombed in the Cactus Mine sixteen miles from Globe, Arizona. He was uninjured when reached by rescuers who had to dig through 30 feet of dirt in the tunnel to reach him.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1923 Arista Mine Explosion, Arista, West Virginia — Lloyd Lypscomb, once given up for dead, was rescued early Saturday from the Weyanoke mine at Arista, and the feeble spark of life, all but extinguished by suffocating gases in which he lay for 15 hours was fanned back to a flame so strong that physicians attending the injured man said he was sure to recover.  Rescue of Lypscomb made the death toll of Friday's dust explosion to ten, all of whose bodies were brought up by rescue parties.  The remaining 17 workers, trapped when the walls of the mine crumbled, were saved by rescuers.  They were only slightly injured.  Source document  External Link
Stanton Mine Rescue, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — On March 21, lost miner James Kowolski was found in the Stanton Mine at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.  Despite being located by a bloodhound that was lowered into the mine, Kowolski’s 4 days of wandering came to an end when he was located by rescuers led by mine superintendent J. B. Pamblyn.  He was found 2,000 feet from his working place half naked and semi-conscious.  Kowolski’s troubles began on March 17 when he started to leave the mine early, complaining to his helper of not feeling well.  Source document PDF Format
Lehigh Coal and Navigation No. 1 Mine Cave-in, Nesquehoning, Pennsylvania — Thirteen miners, entombed behind a fall of rock and earth in the No. 1 drift of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company were rescued after an undisclosed period.  They were entombed there the day before when sixty feet of the gangway workings caved in.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1923 Oakdale No. 4 Mine Cave-in, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — Rescuers worked for seven hours to reach the body or George Polinski, aged 26, a miner at Oakdale No. 4 shaft of Jeddo-Highland Coal Company.  When found, Polinski still alive.  Polinski’s chest was crushed, however, and he died twenty minutes later.  Source document PDF Format
Silver Creek Mine Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — After eight hours spent in a living grave, John Sharp and Michael Dugan, miners, were rescued uninjured.  They were entombed by a fall of top rock at the Silver Creek mine, with many yards of debris forming a solid barrier between them and liberty.  The men were engaged in tearing down pillars when the entire top fell in front of them.  At first, they were thankful for their escape from death, and did not realize the predicament they were in.  Source document PDF Format
Morning Mine Fire, Mullan, Idaho — An early report from the Morning Mine at Mullan, Idaho said the mine was afire and that two men were dead.  A later report from Wallace, Idaho, said that two men had been overcome by gas, but that they had been rescued after an undisclosed period.  The fire was discovered when the day shift went on duty, it was stated.  Source document PDF Format
Scotch Valley Mine Fall of Person, Hazleton, Pennsylvania — Andrew Witko, 41, was employed at the inside working of the Scotch Valley mine and in some manner fell 50 feet down the shaft.  His follow workers hurried to the bottom of the shaft expecting to find his mangled body, but he was on his feet and refused aid.  He returned to work the next day but in a few days’ time, he developed pneumonia and passed away at his home.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1922 Fox Mine Cave-in, Marshall, Colorado — Kenneth Baldwin, 30, was rescued 18 hours after he became trapped in the Fox coal mine at Marshall, Colorado.  He was brought out alive and uninjured.  A companion miner in the same stope with Baldwin barely escaped the slide and rushed thru the mine calling to other miners.  Fifty men started the work of rescue.  An hour after the cave-in, Baldwin’s companions were so certain that he was dead that they called the Coroner.  Note: The headline says 18 hours and the article says 9 hours.  It is unknown which is correct.  Source document PDF Format
Vulcan Colliery Cave-in, Hazleton, Pennsylvania — After having been closed in for several hours at the Vulcan colliery, Michael Grando was rescued alive.  He said he had sufficient mental torture to last the rest of his days.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1922 Anthracite Mine Cave, Branchdale, Schuylkill County, PA — Mrs. Loretta Kehler, 71, was found alive in a mine cave near the Otto Colliery after being missing for a week.  A party of men who had given chase to a rabbit heard her cries for help and rescued her.  Source document PDF Format
Dolomite No. 3 Mine Explosion, Dolomite, Alabama — An unidentified foreman assembled thirty workers after the blast took place and ordered all to remain with him and work on fixing up brattices with stones and canvas to shut off the dreaded afterdamp gas that he felt sure was to follow the explosion.  When the fans started up again, the air cleared sufficiently to indicate that it was safe to tear down the temporary wall and the foreman led his men out.  One miner, who objected to remaining with the rest of the men was found only a few feet away from the temporary brattice.  He had become a victim of the gas.
Reilly No. 1 Mine Explosion, Spangler, Pennsylvania — 33 miners were taken out alive after an undisclosed period, but three succumbed to their injuries.  Of the remaining 30 rescued, all were at the Spangler Hospital and the attending physicians, who were doing everything in their power for them, said all would recover.
Anthracite No. 4 Mine Explosion, Cerrillos, New Mexico — 14 injured miners were rushed to the surface by the volunteer rescue crew and were taken to a doctor's, a dentist's offices and a nearby home, which were hurriedly turned into hospitals.  Women of Madrid worked as nurses with the aid of doctors and other volunteers.  First aid was administered here, then the injured were placed in a box car and taken to Albuquerque, where they were placed in hospitals.  The injured were burned and in some cases their arms or legs broken.
Hamilton No. 6 Mine Explosives Detonation, Cherokee, Kansas — Thirteen men, trapped in the pit of the Hamilton Coal & Coke Company’s No. 6 mine explosion were all rescued alive after an undisclosed period.  Reports at first thought these men to be dead.  The explosion was caused by powder.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1922 After becoming lost in an abandoned coal mine for two days and a night at Pomeroy, Ohio, Jack Gobel was found by a searching party.  Gobel became lost after a dynamite explosion jarred him enough to put out the light on his miner’s cap.  The search party was formed after his wife notified mine officials.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1922 Seven miners were imprisoned for an undisclosed period following the Lake Creek Mine Explosion in Johnston City, Illinois, but were taken from the shaft by rescue teams hastily called.  The seven men had taken refuge in another entry and by doing this prevented the gas from killing them.
Issaquah Mine Cave-in, Seattle, Washington — After being buried alive for 10 hours in the Issaquah mine, Mike Pedlock was back at work none the worse for his experience.  While working in a coal chute, Pedlock was caught by an avalanche of coal that burled the entrance to the chute forty feet deep.  Although sure that he had been killed by the slide, his comrades worked unceasingly to rescue him.  About dark they broke through the wall and found Pedlock.  A crevice in the chute had admitted plenty of air, and hunger was the only inconvenience he had suffered.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1922 Midway Mine Fire, Murphysboro, Illinois — Four men that went into the Midway Coal Company mine to investigate the fire became trapped and in need of rescue themselves. They were all safety removed uninjured from the mine after an undisclosed period.  Source document PDF Format
National Mine Fire, National, Nevada — After being imprisoned for four hours, Superintendent Joseph Bolam and Peter Madison were rescued from the National mine, 75 miles north of Winnemucca, Nevada.  The two men were working 1000 feet from the tunnel entrance and their escape was cut off because rock and dirt caved in as the fire progressed.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1922 Quartet Mine Fire, Searchlight, Nevada — All of the men trapped by fire in the Quartet mine at Searchlight were rescued after an undisclosed period, except two that were known to be dead.  Previous advices said four of five men had been trapped in the mine in addition to the two, known to be dead.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1922 Idaho-Maryland Gold Mine Cave-in, Grass Valley, California — Three miners entombed on the 1,000-foot level of the Idaho-Maryland gold mine were rescued uninjured after having been buried for fourteen hours.  The men were not injured.  Source document PDF Format
Cortez Mine Fall of Persons, Picher, Oklahoma — Two miners were killed and two were injured when a can bumped while descending the shaft at the Cortez mine in northeast Picher.  Charles Ross, 36, and Frank Smalley were hurled from the can and fell a distance of about 100 feet to the bottom of the shaft, being instantly killed.  Jake Blenzor was rescued from death by Roy Harris, who was the only one of the four men to remain in the can.  Harris caught Blenzor's foot and prevented him from falling to the bottom.  Blenzor suffered serious injuries to his head, but was expected to recover.  Harris was slightly injured.  They were taken to the Picher hospital.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1922 National Colliery Cave-in, Scranton, Pennsylvania — A cave-in in the Dunmore No. 2 vein, National Colliery of the Glen Alden Coal Company came without a moment’s notice.  While most people were in bed, there came a hissing, and then a trembling.  People were tossed about in their beds, some thrown to the floor, the buildings creaked and swayed.  The populace ran to the streets, many clad in night clothes, there to face greater terror as they saw the street veritably bobbing up and down, the surface opening and steam hissing through.  For a time no one knew what it meant.  Cool heads realized that it was but another evidence of the mine menace to which Scranton had been long subject.  Word came that nineteen miners were entombed.  Investigation proved that a fall occurred trapping 16 miners.  Three others were injured.  These men were found, brought to the surface and rushed to the hospital.  The three men rescued were James Daugherty, John Kearney and Anthony Collett.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1921 Monarch Mine Fire, Louisville, Colorado — Following an outbreak of fire in the surface buildings of the National Fuel Company’s Monarch mine, nine men who were reported to have been trapped in the mine were said to have been rescued through an air shaft.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1921 Sioux No. 3 Colliery Cave-in, Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania — After being entombed for 5 hours, five miners were rescued at the Sioux No. 3 Colliery.  They were working in the west seven-foot gangway when it caved in for a distance of 150 feet.  The men suffered only from shock.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1921 Coalbrook Mine Cave-in, Carbondale, Pennsylvania — Peter Sufjack and Stanley Falosky, two of the four miners entombed for twenty-four hours in the Coalbrook mine of the Hudson Coal Company at Carbondale were rescued alive at noon today.  William Morcum and Dominick Alving, the other two miners were rescued alive earlier in the day.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1921 Seven miners were rescued after an undisclosed period following an explosion in the Harco Coal Company mine near Harrisburg, Illinois.  The men were suffering from the effects of blackdamp and taken to local hospitals.
Gibbons Mine Cave-in, South Scranton, Pennsylvania — Mathew Schrader was held prisoner for over six hours after a cave-in occurred in the mine workings of the Gibbons Coal Company in South Scranton.  Schrader directed the work of rescue telling his comrades where to dig.  He was removed to a hospital where it was said he was not seriously injured.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1921 Packer No. 3 Mine Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Entombed behind a heavy fall of coal and culm in Packer No. 3 mine for an undisclosed period, Jacob Romansky was rescued without a scratch.  Romansky’s partner heard the coal working and ran to safety just as the fall occurred. Source document PDF Format
MAY 1921 Old Midwest Mine Fire, Henderson, Kentucky — Upward of 100 miners were employed at the Old Midwest mine of the Southland Coal Company at the time the fire started and several of them were rescued through the air shaft before the tipple fell.  The others escaped through an air shaft.  Although none was injured, several suffered from the effects of the smoke.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1921 Racketbrook Colliery Cave-in, Carbondale, Pennsylvania — A searching party of six men was assembled after they learned from his family that Joseph Spatz, 32, did not return at his usual hour the evening before.  Spatz was employed at the Racketbrook colliery where he had been working alone in his section of the mine in the afternoon.  After being located at 2:30 a.m., he was hurried to the Emergency Hospital.  He was unconscious and his condition was serious.  His injuries were about the head and shoulders where a fall of roof struck him.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1921 Kohinoor Colliery Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Penned in behind a heavy fall of coal and rock, two contract miners at the Kohinoor colliery were rescued after three hours by swift action of fellow workers.  Both escaped with slight bruises, but were near death from fright and shock when taken out.  Source document PDF Format
Old Ben No. 8 Mine Explosion, West Frankfurt, Illinois — Forty miners were rescued from the fume-filled shaft of the No. 8 mine of the Old Ben Coal Corporation following an explosion.  Ten were seriously injured and were taken to a hospital.  Physicians said two probably would die.  The miners were rescued after having been held prisoner in the mine for three hours.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1920 Sacramento Mine Ground Fall, Bisbee, Arizona — Falling ground at the Sacramento mine entombed James Toots, a miner, on the 1500 level, for what seemed like an eternity while comrades frantically dug to extricate him.  Toots was imprisoned for about half an hour but was finally freed and was none the worse for the experience.  Source document PDF Format
Abandoned Bellaire Mine Rescue, Bellaire, Ohio — Ross Julian, 40, gave thanks for his life to the promptness of the helmet men in effecting his rescue from asphyxiation by black damp in an abandoned mine at Bellaire, Ohio.  Julian said that if the rescuers had been a half-hour later, he would have succumbed to the deadly gases.  The man’s lamp gave out while he was in the mine and, becoming confused, he walked away from the mouth of the mine.  He wandered around in the darkness for several hours and was beginning to lose consciousness when mine inspectors reached him.  Source document PDF Format
George F. Lee mine Cave-in, Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania — Ten mine workers caught behind a fall in the gangway of the George F. Lee mine were rescued after nine hours imprisonment.  Rescue forces worked throughout the night to reach the men.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1920 Arnold Mine Fire, Earlington, Kentucky — Ten miners were rescued from the burning Arnold Mine.  The rescue was effected by tunneling around the fire which had shut off the single entry of the mine and came 20 hours after the flames broke out.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1920 Plymouth Red Ash Mine Cave-in, Plymouth, Pennsylvania — Two miners employed by the Plymouth Red Ash Coal Company, owed their lives to the clear-headed calculation of a mine foreman and the faithful and heroic work of fellow-miners who rescued the miners from an entombment of more than twelve hours.  William Young, 35, and Joseph Hillard, 48, were erecting timber in a gangway when a sudden and unexpected crash brought tons of coal and rock down within fifteen feet of them.  The cave-in blocked the slope and imprisoned Hillard and Young.  When word reached the surface, the mine foreman, John D. Maxwell, directed that a hole be bored from the top of the tomb and, by a mathematical deduction, he was able to reach exactly the spot where the miners were imprisoned.  With picks, axes and other tools, nearly two score of miners set to burrowing a passageway for their helpless fellow-workers.  The digging and cutting of the mountain of coal which separated the pair from freedom started at 1 o'clock p.m. and ended with the rescue of the men at about 1:45 a.m. the next morning.  The two miners walked home, unhurt.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1920 William Penn Colliery Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Martin Becker was rescued from his entrapment after an undisclosed period from a cave-in at the William Penn Colliery in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania.  Felix Mack, a co-worker of Becker, was probably responsible for saving the life of a driver who was bringing a trip of cars into the gangway.  Mack saw the fall was coming and flagged off the driver.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1920 Brookside Colliery Cave-in, Tower City, Pennsylvania — Glen Jones, employed at robbing pillars in No. 4 slope, Brookside colliery, was caught by a fall of coal and for a time it was thought he had been killed.  It required several hours of hard and careful work to release him.  For almost two hours he had been doubled up with his knees against his breast and the heavy weight of the coal resting on him.  He was badly sprained and bruised and it will be some time before he would be able to be about.  No bones were broken.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1920 National Mine Cave-in, South Scranton, Pennsylvania — Louis Buffalino was freed from a cave-in after an undisclosed period that occurred in the National mine at South Scranton, Pennsylvania.  All the time the rescue party was at work, Buffalino kept uttering comforting words to his wife, who stood at the edge of the cave-in watching the rescuers work.  Buffalino’s companion, Pasquale Ballino, was crushed to death in the incident.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1920 Deering Mine No. 8 Cave-in, Clinton, Indiana — Andrew Steen, fire boss at the Deering Coal Company mine No. 8 lay for more than five hours, expecting to be killed any moment before he was found by workmen entering the mine.  The heavy weight on his chest prevented him from calling for help.  He was pinned under three tons of slate, unable to move anything except his head and one hand with heavy pieces of slate falling all around him.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1920 Draper Colliery Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Peter Burfosky was entombed by a sudden rush of coal at the Draper Colliery for several hours.  An alarm was sounded when it was found Burfosky was a prisoner in his chamber behind tons of rock and coal.  He was taken from his perilous position in an exhausted condition due to his efforts to release himself.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1920 Jeanesville Mine Cave-in, Jeanesville, Pennsylvania — Edward Moore and Jere Donovan were rescued from the Jeanesville mines of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company, where they were entombed for several hours by a fall of coal.  Moore was taken to the State Hospital suffering from injuries to his back, but Donovan escaped unhurt.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1919 Gold Hunter Mine Cave-in, Mullan, Idaho — Emil Sayko and Peter Grant were rescued 14 days following a cave-in at the Gold Hunter mine near Mullan, Idaho.  When they were finally reached, Grant and Sayko were wrapped in blankets and their eyes were bandaged to protect them from the unaccustomed light.  They were described as "looking fine," although "a trifle weak."  In the same incident, Jacob Delmarh and James Collins were rescued from a secondary cave-in after being trapped for 15½ hours.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1919 Oakdale Mine Explosion, LaVeta, Colorado — One man was rescued alive in the Oakdale mine of the Oakdale Coal Company near LaVeta, which was wrecked by an explosion.  William Davis, a miner, was brought out by rescue crews after an undisclosed period and resuscitated.  Eighteen miners were killed in the incident.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1919 Henry Clay No. 1 Colliery Inundation, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — Rescuers worked for 60 hours endeavoring to locate Vistor Aughustine, one of the two men caught in a breast at the Henry Clay No. 1 colliery of the Reading Coal and Iron Company, when a body of water mysteriously broke into the workings.  Bart Mirolli, the other man entombed, was rescued alive.  He was swept into a heading and was in a semi-conscious condition when reached.  He was in the Shamokin hospital with several ribs broken, one of which penetrated the lungs, causing an injury likely to result fatally.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1919 After almost 10 hours of tunneling, Andrew Coshosky, trapped under a fall of slate in the Old Colony Mine, Ligonier, Pennsylvania, was rescued and expected to recover.  Covered to a depth of 30 feet, the only way to reach him was to drive a tunnel under the fallen mass of rock.  Source document External Link
Nottingham Mine Asphyxiations, Plymouth, Pennsylvania — Forty men were overcome by blackdamp in the Nottingham Mine of the Lehigh & Wilkesbarre Coal Company at Plymouth.  All were brought to the surface.  There were no fatalities, but the condition of most of the men was serious.  Source document PDF Format
George F. Lee Coal Mine Asphyxiations, Avondale, Pennsylvania — Blackdamp overcame five employees of the George F. Lee Coal Company in the Avondale section of Plymouth township and six or eight others were more or less effected by inhaling the dangerous fumes.  Prompt and heroic action on the part of fellow employees who risked their own lives, saved the lives of the five men who were overcome.  The men who were overcome were carried out of the mine and given first aid treatment at the company emergency hospital.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1919 Indian Ridge Colliery Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Stiney Narbut, a 36-year-old contract miner was buried alive for several hours at Indian Ridge Colliery.  Although seriously injured, he directed the rescue work, but lost consciousness as he was being taken from beneath several tons of coal.  An examination at the State Hospital showed that he had sustained internal injuries.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1919 Plymouth Consolidated Mine Cave-in, Plymouth, California — Unhurt except for bruises, Vinve Frizonti, a young Italian miner, was buried fourteen hours by a cave-in at the Plymouth Consolidated mine.  Frizonti was caught in a stope on the 1,000-foot level.  Rescuers removed carload after carload of debris while the imprisoned man kept communication by taps on a pipe.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1918 Cleveland-Cliffs Mine Cave-in, Ishpeming, Michigan — Confined 63 hours in an area four feet square from a cave-in, three miners in the Cleveland-Cliffs mine were rescued alive.  A fourth miner in their group died.  Although the other three had existed without food or water, they were able to climb 400 feet to the shaft.  They were in the best of health, apparently.  As a last resort they had planned to feed themselves on cedar bark from a timber protruding into their tiny prison.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1918 Consolidated Mine Cave-in, Plymouth, Pennsylvania — Vinve Frizonti, a young Italian miner, was rescued after being trapped for 14 hours by a cave-in at the Consolidated mine near Plymouth, Pennsylvania.  Frizonti was caught at the 1000-foot level when the crash came.  He was standing by a drilling machine and this prevented the falling rock crushing him to death.  He was unhurt except for bruises.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1918 Coon Hollow Mine Explosion, Pikeville, Kentucky — Seven miners trapped in the Coon Hollow Coal Company's mine near Pikeville were rescued after an undisclosed period.  They were imprisoned behind a wall of fire caused by a gas explosion.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1918 Sayre Colliery, Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania — After being closed in a blind heading for five hours at the Sayre colliery Saturday afternoon and evening, Frank Leski was rescued alive and well, without a scratch.  The entombment was discovered immediately and the officials quickly had a force of men on the scene to rescue the man.  Rapid headway was made and by working carefully, Leski was taken out of his underground tomb safe and without any injury.  Source document PDF Format
Men Lost in Abandoned Mine, Morgantown, West Virginia — Lost in an abandoned coal mine, without lights, and prisoners for five hours, Walter Mayfield, Harley Warman and J. C. Fortney, prominent residents of this city, were saved by a searching party after they had given up hope of rescue.  The men went into the mine to investigate it when their lamp went out and for five hours they wandered about vainly in an effort to find their way out.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1918 Benton Mine Lost Miner, Benton, Illinois — Tony Dooering, a miner, was rescued from the Benton Coal Company mine at Benton, Illinois after being lost for two days without food or drink.  He was said to have started for the main shaft and became lost, wandering around in abandoned parts of the mine.  Several hundred searched the mine before he was found.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1918 Short Mountain Colliery Cave-in, Lykens, Pennsylvania — Five men were standing timber, when without warning the ground caved, catching all five.  One man was able shortly to free himself and went for assistance.  Soon a rescue party arrived.  In a short time, the party got a man out; with medical assistance his life was saved.  The next three men were alive when removed but died soon after; the last man was dead when taken from under the fall.
North Mahanoy Mine Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — John Wasnoski, 50, was taken out of an old chamber in the North Mahanoy mine after being entombed for ten hours.  He was only slightly injured.  Wasnoski spent most of the hours of his underground imprisonment in prayer.  He embraced his rescuers and walked home, refusing to ride in the colliery ambulance.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1918 Winchester Magnesite Mine Cave-in, San Jacinto, California — After being imprisoned in the Winchester magnesite mine for fourteen hours as a result of an earthquake, Foreman Edward Sexton and Edward Cole, a miner, were rescued.  20 men who had labored frantically to release them.  Shut in an airtight, pitchy dark hole, six feet long and four feet high, Sexton and Cole breathed thru a 10-foot pipe that was forced down thru the imprisoning rock and dirt.  With lips pressed tight about the ends of the pipe, the two prisoners sucked air from the outer world.  That the men were still alive was proved by faint sounds of tapping on the pipe.  When released Cole and Sexton were weak from lack of food and anxiety, but it was believed they would be none the worse for their ordeal.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1918 Alden Coal Mine Cave-in, Nanticoke, Pennsylvania — Adam Krezinski was rescued from his three-day-entombment in the mines of the Alden Coal Company following a cave-in that trapped both he and his laborer, Andrew Bartek.  Bartek was rescued at about 11 o’clock a.m. the previous day, ending his two-day-entrapment.  Company doctors who attended Krezinski said that he would recover.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1918 Amasa-Porter Mine Inundation, Crystal Falls, Michigan — Following an inundation of water in the Amasa-Porter Mine at Crystal Falls, Michigan, one miner was found unconscious by rescuers after an undisclosed period and brought to the surface.  Three others managed to escape unaided.
JAN 1918 Barnum Mine Cave-in, Pittston, Pennsylvania — Two cave-ins caused by pillar robbing, covering approximately 5 acres, occurred at the Erie Mining / Pennsylvania Coal Company’s Barnum Mine near Duryea, Pennsylvania trapped more than 100 men underground for a period.  Two men were killed and 15 injured.  Five of the men were rescued 10 hours after the accident.  Thomas Huntley, who won the Carnegie Hero Medal for a mine rescue at the PCC No. 14 mine in 1907, lead one of the rescue parties that brought the missing men to the surface.  Source: Anthracite Heritage Foundation.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1917 Acme Mine Explosives Detonation, Fleming, Kentucky — Four men entered the mine on a Sunday to blast some holes; after the holes were loaded and lighted, they started to leave the mine, but when they were about 500 feet from the point of blasting, all the holes went off at about the same time.  A rush of wind down the entry caught the men and extinguished their carbide lights.

Two men jumped into a room and the other two stayed on the entry.  The rush of wind was followed by a gust of flame.  The two men that stayed in the entry were badly burned but were able to make their way out of the mine, where they were found by a rescue party.

The rescue party found the other two men, both badly burned, in the room into which they had gone.  Their lights had been put out by the explosion and they had become so badly confused that they were unable to find their way out.  All four men had entered the mine without the consent of the mine officials.
NOV 1917 Henry Clay Mine Coal Slide, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — Michael Jacobs, covered by five wagon loads of coal in a chute at the Heading Company’s Henry Clay shaft was smothered for an undisclosed period when Frank Smith, fireboss, appeared.  Amid great peril, he caused the coal to flow into a gangway and rescued Jacobs, who was in a critical condition.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1917 Independent Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Thomas Kilroy, 50, was rescued after being trapped for twenty-four hours in an unnamed Anthracite mine.  He was held as a prisoner in the depths of the mine 1,000 feet below the surface by a fall of rock and coal.  As the rescue men progressed with their work, the fall of the top continued, endangering their own lives.  Suffering severely from exposure, shock and hunger, Kilroy’s condition was critical, however, it was believed that he would recover.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1917 Empire Mine Asphyxiations, Grass Valley, California — James Harris. Nick Fungus and a third miner named Eldridge were rescued after an undisclosed period from the workings of the Empire Mine, where they had been overcome by gas when a large rock fell on the air pipe valve, cutting off their supply of fresh air.  All three were removed to their homes and it was believed they would recover.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1917 Thanks to the heroism of Frank Mattson, two miners who were overcome by smoke in the Lincoln mine fire at Virginia, Minnesota were rescued after an undisclosed period.  Mattson was lowered into the mine without a mask where he found Oscar Pakkala and Joe Reinshe.  Mattson found the victims near the flames and carried both of them to the surface.  All three were revived by a pulmotor.
West Kentucky No. 7 Mine Explosion, Clay, Kentucky — Forty six had been brought to the surface alive from the West Kentucky Coal Company's No. 7 mine explosion after 3½ hours.  Of the rescued, 24 were uninjured.  The remainder were suffering from burns, none of which were said to be serious.
JUL 1917 Rock Salt Mine Explosion, Ithaca, Tompkins County, New York — 21 hours after the explosion of gas, one man was found alive at the bottom of the shaft by a Bureau of Mines rescue party.  His leg had been caught and he was trapped by some timber.  He was freed and taken to the surface.  The party started to recover the body of the other man and brought it to the surface about two hours later.
JUN 1917 Twenty-five of 29 miners imprisoned on the 2400-foot level of the Speculator Mine of the North Butte Mining Company were brought to the surface after being trapped for 36 hours.  They owed their lives to crew member, Manus Duggan, a 20-year-old nipper boy, who didn't make it out himself.  According to Nyrja Johnson, the first man to the surface, Duggan directed all the work in their effort to barricade themselves from the gases.  He had the men strip naked and use their clothes to block out the toxic gas.  Duggan became lost when he went ahead of the crew to test for gases.  163 miners were killed in this disaster.  See moreExternal Link  Source document External Link
MAY 1917 Abandoned Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Pittston, Pennsylvania — Two boys, Sylvester W. McKeon, age 12 and Robert E. Fear, age 13, were rescued after they descended the slope of a hole that had caved in the ground and entered the chamber of an old mine to gather coal.  They were caught by a fall of earth overhanging the entrance to the chamber.  Sylvester was buried to his hips, and Robert was buried to his chest.  Cracks at the top of the hole and the dropping of clay earth overhanging the chamber indicated another cave-in was imminent.  Their rescuers were Michael J. Franklin, Edward F. Norton, and Patrick J. Gallagher, both track layers.  After an undisclosed period, the men first extracted Sylvester followed by Robert.  The three men were awarded the Carnegie Hero Award for their bravery.  Source document External Link
APR 1917 Silver Belle Mine Cave-in, Gleeson, Arizona — Pat Noland was severely injured in a cave-in in the Silver Belle mine when tons of earth came down upon him.  He was rescued by his comrades after an undisclosed period and brought to the company hospital, where word today was to the effect that he was not expected to live, owing to the severe injuries.  No word was received as to how the accident happened and where the blame lies.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1917 Unnamed Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Wiconisco, Pennsylvania — Samuel Snyder became trapped when the top fell and a rush of coal covered him completely.  When help arrived it took four hours to get him uncovered.  The only thing that kept Snyder from smothering was the fact that the coal that covered him was in large lumps, which allowed some ventilation.  Snyder was unconscious when uncovered, but soon became responsive. Source document PDF Format
FEB 1917 Isle Royale Mine Inundation, Houghton, Michigan — After more than fifty hours imprisonment, three miners were found alive tonight in the flooded Isle Royale mine.  Owing to the weakness of the men they would not be moved through the water to safety until the next day.  They had no knowledge of the fate of the two other men, also entrapped and still missing.  The Isle Royale mine was flooded when a blast broke through the drift wall into an adjoining abandoned working.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1917 No. 14 Pennsylvania Colliery Explosives Detonation, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — Abandoned by his miner following an accident several days earlier, Andrew Marashak, a laborer at No. 14 Pennsylvania colliery, lay in the mine unattended and undiscovered for eleven hours.  Mine and State authorities investigated and found that the miner, John Kuroski, evidently believed that his laborer had been killed by a tardily fired shot, and thereupon was so frightened that he fled, not only the mine, but the region.  He had just returned home. It is understood that Kuroski had warned his laborer not to go back into the mine chamber after a shot had failed to explode.  But the laborer went, the charge exploded and the laborer was partly burled under debris.  Kuroski found him prostrate and apparently lifeless.  He wrapped a sweater about Marashak's head and then left the mine without notifying anybody.  The accident occurred at 3:30 p.m.  It was 2:30 a.m. before a fireboss, making his regular rounds, found the injured man.  He was taken home.  He had a fractured collar bone and barring the possibility of pneumonia developing as a result of his long exposure on the damp ground, it was believed he would probably recover.  Source document PDF Format
Brunswick Mine Fall of Persons, Grass Valley, California — Two miners fell down a shaft, a distance of thirty feet at the Brunswick Mine at Grass Valley.  Louis Faccina, one of the victims, was painfully injured and was taken to the hospital.  His hurts were not considered very serious.  His companion, whose name not given out, was practically unhurt.  Source document PDF Format
Primrose Mine Fire, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — While fighting the fire in the Glendon section of the Primrose mines, eleven miners were overcome by the fumes of white damp and dropped unconscious in the mine.  After an undisclosed period, a searching party brought them to the surface, where they were treated in the mine rescue car.  It was thought all would recover.  The men were sent out from the supply base properly equipped with helmets and when they failed to return, rescuers were sent over the same route.  It was believed their breathing apparatus failed to work properly.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1916 Oliphant-Johnson No. 1 Mine Explosion, Bruceville, Indiana — 42 miners were rescued from behind two barricades 2¾ hours after an explosion in the Oliphant-Johnson No. 1 Mine at Bruceville, Indiana.  There were 25 miners in one group and 17 in another.  Two miners were killed in this incident.  Source document  PDF Format
Fidelity No. 9 Mine Explosion, Stone City, Kansas — Eleven miners were rescued from the Fidelity No. 9 mine after an undisclosed period.  Overcome by the toxic gases, these men had to be resuscitated by pulmotor.  Some of those rescued were badly burned.
Degnan-McConnell No. 5 Mine Explosion, Wilburton, Oklahoma — Twelve rescuers descended into the Degnan-McConnell Coal Company’s No. 5 mine following an explosion which killed two shotfirers, the only occupants of the mine at the time.  The rescuers were not able to proceed far before they were overcome by afterdamp, and fell prostrate in their tracks.  Each group succeeded in carrying back the fallen before they themselves were overcome by the gas.  Volunteers had to be called in to drag out the rescuers, and finally, when the last man was rescued, there were twelve prostrate men lying at the mouth of the slope.  Students from the Oklahoma School of Mines and citizens of Wilburton worked heroically with these men, resorting to artificial respiration.  All were saved except Tom Vickers.  A pulmotor was used in his case, but to no avail.  Several of those resuscitated re-entered the mine to continue with the rescue work.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1916 Bessie Mine Explosion, Palos, Alabama — About 15 hours after the explosion, a trained apparatus crew of 5 men found 3 men at a break in the air line.  The party was then about 1,000 feet from fresh air, and the men were able to proceed to safety with the aid of the apparatus crew.  Thirty men were killed by the explosion, 5 escaped unassisted, and 3 were rescued as noted.  Source document External Link
OCT 1916 No. 14 Colliery Cave-in, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — John Kellet, 32, was rescued uninjured after having been entombed for 24 hours behind a fall of coal at the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company’s No. 14 colliery.  Source document PDF Format
Lytle Colliery Explosion and Fire, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — The sixteenth miner closed in by an explosion of gas at the Lytle colliery was rescued after an undisclosed period, the other fifteen having been taken out safely earlier, all will recover.  The fire, which was started by an explosion, is well under control and the officials say it will be speedily extinguished. Source document PDF Format
SEP 1916 Jacob Dixon and William Gammell became enclosed by a rush of coal in the Good Spring Colliery of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company near Tremont, Pennsylvania.  After five hours, Dixon succeeded in getting into a blind heading where he was rescued.  They were engaged in the hazardous work of "robbing pillars."  No further news could be found regarding the rescue of William Gammell.  His survival was unlikely.  Source document External Link
AUG 1916 Central Mine Powered Haulage Accident, Chariton, Iowa — Joe Montgomery, who was employed at the Central mine, was painfully injured and had a narrow escape from death in a powered haulage accident.  He was driving the mules to a car of coal, when they got loose and the car ran over him, throwing him down and crushing his foot and ankle quite badly.  He was alone in the dark for an undisclosed period, and knowing that another car was coming, he called loudly for help.  A man happened to be close by, heard him and rescued him from his perilous position, and stopped the other car before it reached him.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1916 On July 25, 1916, Garrett Morgan made national news for using his gas mask to rescue 32 men trapped during an explosion in an underground tunnel 250 feet beneath Lake Erie.  Morgan and a team of volunteers donned the new "gas masks" and went to the rescue.

After the rescue, Morgan's company received requests from fire departments around the country who wished to purchase the new masks.  The Morgan gas mask was later refined for use by U. S. Army during World War I.  In 1914, Garrett Morgan was awarded a patent for a Safety Hood and Smoke Protector.

Two years later, a refined model of his early gas mask won a gold medal at the International Exposition of Sanitation and Safety, and another gold medal from the International Association of Fire Chiefs.   See moreExternal Link  Source document External Link
Lehigh No. 12 Colliery Cave-in, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — Joseph Kellert was rescued after a 32-hour entrapment in the No. 12 Colliery of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company.  He was caught by a fall of top rock and rescued uninjured after rescuers dug a 60-foot rock chute to reach him.  Source document PDF Format
Rahn Colliery Inundation, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — Two miners were rescued after being confined for two hours in the flooded Rahn Colliery near Tamaqua. The rescued miners were Peter McHugh and John Smith.  Palmer Jones, 19, drowned in the incident.  Source document PDF Format
Babcock Mine Cave-in, Joplin, Missouri — Four miners were rescued — 56 hours — after becoming trapped by a cave-in at the Babcock mine near Joplin, Missouri.  Source document PDF Format
Continental Colliery Cave-in, Centralia, Pennsylvania — Caught behind a rush of coal at the Valley Coal Company’s Continental colliery, John Mulligan, 50 years old, was a prisoner for eight hours, while rescuing forces took turns in working frantically to release him.  Mulligan was engaged in the hazardous task of removing pillars.  A safety Inspector making the rounds discovered the miner’s predicament and volunteers were quickly secured.  Mulligan failed to respond to rappings and the men thought that he had been crushed to death.  Mulligan said he felt exceedingly uncomfortable and that it was not until the last hour that he heard them working to dig him out.  The mine is the same in which Joseph (or John) Tomachefesky was imprisoned for eight days.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1916 Hickory Swamp Colliery Cave-in, Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania — Caught under a fall at the Hickory Swamp colliery, Frank Ringcavich, 41, was instantly killed while his "butty" Michael Droblefski, 29, was imprisoned behind a second fall and was rescued after 20 hours work on the part of rescue gangs.  The men were working as miners in No. 4 vein.  Mr. Ringcavich was completely buried under the first fall, and his "butty," who was dressing off a shot, when the fall occurred, went to his assistance to try and rescue him.  As he was trying to free Ringcavich, a second fall occurred, making him a prisoner.  Droblefski was only slightly bruised and walked out of his tomb.  Source document PDF Format
Anaconda Mine Fall of Person, Butte, Montana — John Corbett sustained painful injuries when he fell 75 feet in the shaft at the Anaconda mine.  He was rushed to the St. James hospital where it was found that two ribs had been fractured, one of them puncturing the lung.  It was considered probable that Corbett also sustained internal injuries.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1916 King Mine Explosion, Kimball, West Virginia — Following the explosion, rescuers worked throughout the morning to free a large number of miners.  Masses of coal and slate and cut off their escape.  At 2 p.m., it was stated that all the men who had entered the mine had been accounted for.
Sesser No. 1 Mine Fire, Sesser, Illinois — 95 miners were rescued from behind a barricade two hours after a fire in the Sesser mine in Illinois.  There were no fatalities in this incident.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1916 Davis No. 42 Mine Explosion, Kempton, Maryland — Those not directly in range of the blast hurried to the main entries and started for the foot of the shaft in which the cages were still operating.  There they were met by rescue parties from the surface and quickly hoisted.  Other rescuers made their way into the mine and located other miners who had been unable to reach the main lines of communication.  These men were brought out after an undisclosed period.
JAN 1916 Abandoned Mine Fall of Person, Globe, Arizona — L. Lepi, a miner, was found and rescued by men working at a nearby mining lease after being robbed and thrown down a 40-foot shaft of an abandoned mine two days earlier.  The miner was suffering from bruises of the face and knees, declaring he was nearly famished and that he was minus a $20 gold piece taken by the robbers.  Lepi said that he was attacked by two men.  They took his gold, but overlooked $300 in currency, and then hurled him into the shaft.  He called for help frequently throughout the two days.  The men who rescued him said they heard a voice yesterday, but did not recognize it us a call for help.  Source document PDF Format
Pennsylvania Colliery Cave-in, Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania — A miner employed at the Pennsylvania colliery was entombed four or five hours.  Officials acted promptly and soon had the man removed alive from his tomb.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1915 A rock slide choked the main gangway in the Newcastle Mine of the Pacific Coast Coal Company near Seattle, Washington, trapping Thomas Zathias for nine hours.  Rescuers expected to find his crushed body when they broke through the 60 feet of debris, but instead, they found him calmly sitting on his dinner bucket, awaiting deliverance.  Source document External Link
Richards Colliery Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — After being entombed by a rush of coal at the Richards colliery for a period of 96 hours, Joseph Renock, a miner, was taken out alive.  A force of 120 men had been working for four days at the risk of their lives in an effort to rescue the imprisoned man.  The rescue work was exceedingly dangerous owing to the many hundreds of tons of loose rock and coal which separated the workers from the miner.  The men encountered a large steel car in the gangway and it was necessary to chisel the car away before the rescue work could be continued.  When released, Renock was able to talk, but was in such a weakened condition from exhaustion and lack of food that he was immediately rushed to a hospital.  He would recover.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1915 Boomer No. 2 Mine Explosion, Boomer, West Virginia — 27 miners were rescued from behind a barricade seven hours after an explosion in the Boomer No. 2 mine in Boomer, West Virginia.  Source document PDF Format
Northwestern Mine Explosion, Ravensdale, Washington — A rescue party under the superintendent at once commenced recovery and repair of the auxiliary slope and rescued 4 men; 3 were unconscious and were given artificial respiration, but 1 died.
OCT 1915 Continental Colliery Cave-in, Centralia, PA — On October 4, John Tomaschefski was rescued after 187 hours, imprisoned by a cave-in at the colliery which occurred on September 26.  A 2-inch diamond drill hole was drilled 50 feet to provide food, water and dry clothing.  It took 85 hours to drill this hole.  Following this, the rescuers drove, by pick mining, a 4-foot by 4-foot passageway to reach and rescue the trapped miner.  It required 4 days to accomplish this.   Source document External Link
Foster Tunnel of No. 11 Mine Inundation, Coaldale, Pennsylvania — Six men and three boys were rescued after nearly seven days following the group’s entrapment in the Foster Tunnel of the No. 11 mine when a blast released water from an abandoned working.  Eleven were initially confined, but two of them, William Watkins and George Hollywood, escaped a day after the accident happened.  The other nine miners trapped sustained themselves on the remaining food in their dinner pails, lamp oil, and chicken bones.  The Coaldale mining operation was the property of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company.  The nine trapped miners included:
  • John McAndrews (boy)
  • Joseph Murphy (boy)
  • John Boner (boy)
  • Elmer Herron
  • Peter Lemmock
  • Charles Matokis
  • Dominic Holchek
  • Joe Lagonis
  • Dominic Dodori
Source document 1PDF Format  Source document 2PDF Format  Source document 3PDF Format
Ramago No. 4 Mine Powered Haulage Accident, Webb City, Missouri — Four miners were dropped almost the whole distance down a 200-foot shaft at the Ramago No. 4 mine.  The first "tub" had just started down with the underground men, carrying four, the usual number, when something went wrong with the hoister.  The presumption was that the hoist operator was lowering these men on the brake instead of having his air on in order to get them underground quickly and the four men were dropped to the bottom of the shaft.  All four men were more or less severely injured and were rushed to the Jane Chinn hospital.  All the men were expected to recover.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1915 Rahn Colliery Explosion, Coaldale, PA — On September 27, an explosion caused a rush of water and coal which cut off and entombed 11 men.  Two of the men were rescued 12 hours after the disaster, but the others were not reached until October 3, after an imprisonment of 6 days and 5 hours.  Three hundred men working 3 shifts per day drove the tunnel to reach the trapped miners.   Source document External Link
Logan Coal Company Mine Explosion, Hanna City, Illinois — Seventy-five miners who were imprisoned by a fall of rock caused by the explosion were rescued after several hours of desperate work.  Immediately following the explosion, fire broke out in the mine a mile from the shaft and 250 feet below ground where the accident occurred, and for two hours it was feared the entombed would be burned to death.  Deceased in the accident were Martin Perrit and Frank Robinson who were shot firers in the act of setting off a charge when the explosion occurred.  Source document PDF Format
Archbald Colliery Roof Fall, Archbald, Pennsylvania — Twenty-seven hours of imprisonment behind hundreds of tons of rock ended for four miners in the Archbald Coal Company's colliery who had been trapped by an extensive fall of roof.  One-half slice of bread was all the food the four men had in more than thirty hours.  They divided that before their matches gave out.  A little cold coffee in their dinner buckets was all they had to drink, and that, too, they divided.  But they are hardy men and strong and used to exposure.  And when they were hauled to the surface over a 3,000-foot slope that tops the vein they were penned in, they leaped from the mine cars and half ran to the company’s office.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1915 Orenda Mine Explosion, Boswell, Pennsylvania — After an undisclosed period, a foreman and others rescued 10 miners who were overcome by afterdamp following a local explosion in the Orenda Mine near Boswell, Pennsylvania.  Two of the rescued men were among the 19 that perished in the disaster.
JUL 1915 No. 14 Mine Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — After spending a day and part of a night entombed behind a rush of rock and coal at the No. 14 mine of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company, Frank Clausius, 28, was rescued.  He was suffering greatly from shock, but only slightly from bruises which he sustained.  Source document PDF Format
William Penn Colliery Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Julius Kramitzski was rescued without a scratch after being trapped at the William Penn colliery for 5 hours.  Kramitzski was employed in the West Mammoth vein, No. 1 level.  He was engaged in chopping down an old prop when the top gave way closing him in.  When the entombed man was taken out, he said he did not feel any ill effects from his experience.  Source document PDF Format
Johnson Colliery Lost Person, Dickson City, Pennsylvania — Lawrence Brady, 60, was found in an abandoned working of the Johnson mine at Dickson City, near Scranton.  He had been wandering aimlessly for nearly 3 days in the darkness of an underground prison which seemed to offer no means of escape.  Brady was employed for a number of years at the Johnson colliery.  About three months earlier he quit his job, but instead of removing all of his tools, he hid some of them in an abandoned part of the workings.  Recently he became re-employed and decided to gather his hidden tools.  Knowing that he would be gone for some hours he carried a lunch with him in a dinner pail.  According to Brady’s story, he had only proceeded a short distance through an old chamber when the light of his lamp played out, and he was left in the darkness, not having any matches with him.  Rescuers found his dinner pail at the top of the heading and following the course indicated by its position, found the missing man.  Source document PDF Format
Eckhart Mine No. 3 Cave-in, Cumberland, Maryland — After having been imprisoned nearly a mile back in the earth behind 300 feet of fall of roof for 24 hours, four miners were rescued unscathed from the Eckhart Mine No. 3 of the Consolidation Coal Company.  State Mine Inspector William Walters headed the rescuing party.  The four imprisoned men walked out of the mine little the worse for their experience and sought their homes.  After the fall the trapped men could he heard talking, and this spurred on the rescuers.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1915 Rush of mud and water into the Longacre-Chapman Zinc Mine, Neck City, Missouri — Six men were imprisoned.  Four were rescued alive after 120 hours of difficult work by company men, volunteers, State mine Inspectors, and Bureau of Mines men.  Two men found were dead on the fourteenth day following the accident.  Source document 1PDF Format  Source document 2PDF Format
MAY 1915 Wanamie Colliery Cave-in, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — Buried beneath tons of coal and other fallen debris for nearly one hour, Jacob Dombrow was rescued alive from the mines of the Wanamie Colliery of the Lehigh & Wilkes-Barre Coal Company.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1915 Abandoned Mine Rescue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania — After they had gone missing for a week, two small boys were located by searchers in a long-abandoned mine.  The boys were in a small 5-foot drop that had several inches of water in it.  Albert Tomlinson, age 10, was found barely alive and hungry.  His companion, William Hale, age 5, was dead, believed to have starved to death.  The Hale boy was partly submerged in water and his head was held in the lap of Tomlinson.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1915 On March 2, 1915, an explosion occurred at the Layland No. 3 Mine in Layland, West Virginia.  The explosion occurred at 8:30 a.m., resulting in the deaths of 114 men inside the mine and 1 outside.  Fifty-four men afterward escaped alive from the mine.  Seven came out from 2 to 5 hours after the explosion; 5 more escaped unassisted at 8 a.m. on March 6 (4 days later), and 42 others were rescued an hour later.  Of those killed, 44 died from suffocation.  The store porter passing the drift mouth at a distance of 100 feet at the time of the explosion was hurled against a post and killed.
Lost Boys Found in Abandoned Mine, Banksville, Pennsylvania — When searchers, peering into the dark recesses of an abandoned coal pit, lighted only by their pit-lamps, saw a young boy staggering toward them, dragging a limp form that might have been a sack, a search that had continued a week ended and a ghastly tragedy came to light.  The boy who dragged his burden toward the dim flicker of the pit lamps was Albert Tomlinson, 10 years old, of Banksville.  The limp form was Willie Hale, a five-year-old playmate.  "Willie is dead."  the searchers heard the elder boy sob.  Almost starved when found, bruised and cut from contact with sharp slate and coal as he had groped about in the unlighted worklng, the boy quickly lapsed unconscious.  He was hurried to St Joseph's Hospital for treatment.  The boys had been lost for — 8 days — in the mine.  The Banksville entry of the abandoned mine was in the back yard of the Tomlinson home.  Although within probably 200 yards of home, young Tomlinson and his companion had not been able to find their way out of the working, and even daily searches of the pit by members of the family and neighbors had been futile.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1915 Explosion at Carlisle Mine, Carlisle, West Virginia — Twenty-one men were killed and four were rescued soon after the explosion by parties led by company officials.  One of the rescued men, suffering from burns, was sent to a hospital.  Source document 1External Link  Source document 2PDF Format
Maple Grove Mine Cave-in, Terre Haute, Indiana — One man was killed and eight other men were trapped in an entry at the bottom of a shaft of the Maple Grove mine when the timbers of the shaft gave way in a cave-in.  After an undisclosed period, the eight miners were rescued by "first aid" workers through an air shaft about 100 feet from the main shaft.  The men were brought to the surface by means of a rope.  One miner, Frank Simmons, 52, was killed in the accident.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1915 Cave-in at Black Diamond Mine, Luzerne, Pennsylvania - Four miners were rescued after seven hours by parties led by company officials.  Source document 1PDF Format  Source document 2PDF Format
Unnamed Zinc Mine Cave-in, Joplin, Missouri — Thomas French, a miner who was caught by a cave-in in a zinc mine near here, was rescued after having been imprisoned more than eight hours.  French was held by a mass of rock and earth with his head free.  He directed the work of his rescuers, trying energetically to free himself.  Although seriously injured, French would live, physicians said.  Hope of rescuing Harry Hubbell, French’s fellow-workman, was abandoned.  He was believed to be buried under fifteen feet of rock.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1914 Diamond Colliery Hoist Rescue, Scranton, Pennsylvania — On December 9, 1914 about 6:20 a.m. the north cage failed in the north hoistway of the Tripp Shaft, Diamond Colliery of the D.L. & W.R.R. Coal Mining Department.  During the act of lowering the third cage load of men from the surface to the Dunmore Seam, 13 men were dropped in the cage to the bottom of the shaft.  The floor of wooden cage gave way dropping men to the bottom of the shaft, a distance of about 200 feet.  After an undisclosed period, one man was rescued from the wrecked cage at the Clark seam, 15 feet below the point of failure, or 330 feet from the surface.  John Bolinski, the man who escaped, had an instinctive fear of the mine cage and had made it a practice for several years to cling to the side bars every time he rode up or down.  Aside from the severe shock Bolinski was uninjured, but on account of the severe shock he has not returned to work in the mines.  This text taken from MSHA’s fatality database.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1914 Cave-in at Sibley Iron Mine, Ely, Minnesota — Six men were entombed.  One man was rescued after 112 hours by parties led by company officials.  Source document External Link
Fall of Top Rock at West Brookside Mine, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Two men were imprisoned for four days, when they were rescued by a party led by company officials.  Source document 1 External Link  Source document 2 PDF Format
Bonar Mine Explosives Detonation, East Bernstadt, Kentucky — Five men were standing timber, when without warning the ground caved, catching all five.  One man was able shortly to free himself and went for assistance.  Soon a rescue party arrived.  In a short time, the party got a man out; with medical assistance his life was saved.  The next three men were alive when removed but died soon after; the last man was dead when taken from under the fall.
OCT 1914 Royalton North No. 1 Mine Explosion — An accumulation of gas was ignited by open light.  Doors to an old room were left open and gas accumulated.  One man was rescued from the affected area 10 hours after the explosion had occurred.
Explosion in Mulga Mine, Mulga, Alabama — Sixteen men were killed and 12 were rescued by parties led by company officials.  Source document External Link
Explosion at Patterson No. 2 Mine, Elizabeth, Pennsylvania — Following the explosion, the superintendent and the pump man were overcome by afterdamp.  A rescue party in the charge of the mine foreman carried the unconscious men to fresh air.  The superintendent soon recovered, but the pump man could not be revived.  Breathing apparatus was not used.  Source document External Link
SEP 1914 Rockwood Mine Explosion, Rockwood, Tennessee — The explosion killed one miner, and another miner was overcome while trying to escape.  An apparatus crew of four company men several hours later advanced 1,000 feet, rescued this miner, and carried him to fresh air, where he quickly revived.
Cave-in at Centennial Gold Mine, Eureka, Utah — Twelve men were imprisoned.  One man was rescued by company men, who, in seven hours, drove a drift 15 feet in country rock without shooting.  Source document 1External Link  Source document 2PDF Format
Alderson Mine Cave-in, Placerville, California — William Williams, a miner, who was buried alive by a cave-in at the Alderson Mine, was dug out safe and sound after having been imprisoned for 12 hours.   He had plenty of air to breathe at all times and was not cramped for space in which to stretch his limbs.  A hole large enough for a man to crawl through was dug through fifteen feet of gravel and Williams crawled to liberty by means of it.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1914 William Penn Colliery Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — After firing a blast at the William Penn colliery, Michael Wasso was caught in a rush of coal and buried up to his chin and was being gradually carried to a terrible death, down a chute, when his cries for help brought rescuers.  It took 12 miners seven hours to extricate the victim from his perilous position, owing to the continuous falls of top coal.  Wasso collapsed five times, but a doctor on the scene revived him.  He was lacerated from head to foot.  Source document PDF Format
Cameron Colliery Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — After being entombed for 48 bours in a low breast at the Cameron colliery, Leo Bulcosky was rescued alive.  Bulcosky was working in the breast when the face broke.  He put up props to hold it, but the push was too strong and forced the timber and carried props and man down the breast.  The battery broke and the miner was entombed.  He was taken to the State Hospital where he was listed in good condition, but would remain until he regained his strength and to guard from the danger of him collapsing.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1914 Banovich Silver Mine, near Tonopah, Nevada — Two men overcome by powder smoke at the bottom of a 95-foot shaft were brought out by two Bureau of Mines men from car 5.  The rescuers descended the shaft, tied ropes under the armpits of the unconscious miners, and had them hoisted to the surface, where oxygen and artificial respiration were used for two hours.  One miner fully recovered, but no sign of life appeared in the other miner.  Source document External Link  Source document 2PDF Format
Pine Brook Colliery Inundation, Peckville, Pennsylvania — Patrick Crane, a driver boy for this Scranton Coal Company mine in Lackawanna County was caught in a rush of water while making his last trip with a mule.  At first, he was thought to be dead.  A searching party was formed and after an undisclosed period he was found in water up to his waist.  The mule was a short distance away.  The lad was taken to the surface, none the worst for his experience.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1914 Central Mine Cave-in, Grass Valley, California — His face, shoulders and arms buried in dirt and rock, Hugh McCann managed to attract the attention of other men in the Central mine by wiggling his feet and escaped possible death following an undisclosed period.  When he was rescued from his painful plight, he was almost stifled.  Aside from a badly bruised face and slight lacerations of the hand, he was none the worse for the accident.  Source document PDF Format
Mary D Colliery Hoisting Disaster, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania — An over hoist accident occurred in the tower of the south hoist way, main shaft of the Mary D Colliery, when the self-dumping cage containing 8 men was hoisted above the dumping chute in the shaft tower.  Six men were instantly killed, 5 falling into the opening over the shaft.  Five men fell to the bottom of the shaft, a distance of 600 feet.  One man fell to the surface, landing 20 feet below the dumping chute and was also killed.  The seventh man was thrown into the dump chute, sustaining a fractured leg and lacerations about the head.  The eighth man clung to the crosshead of the cage and when rescued after an undisclosed period was found to be suffering from shock and a few scratches.
APR 1914 Eccles Mine Explosions, Eccles, West Virginia — A rescue party was rushed to the scene of the disaster from Beckley, which is only two miles away, but after removing two men from the debris of No. 6 their activities were checked by the deadening fumes of coal gas.  Later the party was more successful in bringing forty more men to the surface.  Two of the men, P. M. Ellison and N. Jones, were seriously injured.

Supt. Donaldson, an experienced miner, with an expert rescue crew, was lowered down the shaft of No. 6 mine.  For a time the steadily growing crowd of frightened women and children waited in suspense, but soon the signal came to hoist away and the cage responded.  It bore two men badly hurt, a few of the rescue party, and two bodies.
MAR 1914 Hickory Ridge Mine Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — Rescuers penetrated a breast at the Hickory Ridge Mine and recovered the body of John Mrowka, a miner, who had been entombed since the day before with Paul Poplaski, his partner.  Poplaski was brought to the surface earlier in the day in a dying condition following an undisclosed period.  The men had been imprisoned in a gangway by the roof collapsing.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1914 Cannon Mine Inundation — Andrew Churnick, 50, was killed by an inrush of water and gravel in No. 11 chute on the water level in the Gem seam.  His body was recovered 4 days later near the first crosscut in the No. 12 chute.  His partner, Mike Bobchurnick, was rescued after being imprisoned for 7 days near the 6th crosscut in the same chute.
JAN 1914 Miner Avalanche Burial, Philipsburg, Montana — Eli Marfhi, aged 35, a miner, was rescued from an avalanche that buried him near Philipsburg.  For 48 hours had lived in the snowdrift, eating snow to satisfy a fierce thirst and fighting desperately to free himself.  He was unconscious when miners on their way to a remote claim beyond Philipsburg saw Marfhi’s head above the drift and rescued him.  His right leg had a double fracture and his left arm was broken in two places.  The miners improvised a cast from splints off trees, strapped the injured man on their backs and carried him several miles.  Then they secured a wagon and dragged Marfhi to the Northern Pacific tracks.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1913 Golden Cycle Mine Cave-in, Cripple Creek, Colorado — Fighting against tons of rock and dirt, hundreds of miners working in shifts of 25 minutes each, struggled to reach the remaining three men entombed in the Golden Cycle mine at Cripple Creek, Colorado.  Grave fears for the safety of these men were expressed by rescuers that a second slide had occurred between them and the imprisoned men.  Four men were entombed in the Golden Cycle mine by a cave-in the day before.  One miner, Thomas Spindel, was rescued alive following an undisclosed period.  A fifth miner, Frank Cabris, who was entombed in the adjoining Christmas mine was rescued after nine hours.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1913 Sunday Creek Mine No. 9 Lost Miner, Shawnee, Ohio — Ben Arbaugh, 37, was rescued from the Sunday Creek Mine No. 9, after being lost for — three days and nights — in an abandoned part of the mine without food or water.  He went into the mine on October 31st to get some tools and became confused.  He wandered into an old tunnel and tramped for hours trying to find his way.  Arbaugh’s lamp finally burned out and he groped around in the dark for 48 hours.  Exhausted and partly overcome by black damp, he gave up all hope of escape.  When found he was in a semi-conscious condition, but soon regained his senses after being brought out to light and fresh air.  He would recover.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1913 Stag Canon No. 2 Mine Explosion — Nine miners, found unconscious near the bottom of the airshaft, were rescued by an apparatus crew after about 5 hours.  They were revived by the use of pulmotors.  At 6:15 p.m., the first miner to be rescued alive within 12 hours was taken from the main entry.  He was found unconscious, two miles within the mine.  Source document  External Link
Seven Mexican miners, trapped for 6 days in the Vogel and Lawrence Lignite mine at Rockdale, Texas were found unconscious, and barely alive.  The men were imprisoned by a cave-in following a cloud burst which flooded the mine.  Laying near the men was their mule, still alive.  Source document External Link
Trapped in an abandoned chamber of the Continental Mine operated by the Lehigh Valley Coal Company in Centralia, Pennsylvania, Thomas Toshesky was finally freed by rescuers after 8 days.  He was in good condition and spirits, refusing a stretcher and making it out of the mine under his own power.  Source document External Link
Shenandoah Colliery Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — John Kender, a well-known miner, had a narrow escape from death at the Shenandoah colliery, where a heavy fall of coal and rock took place, making him a prisoner.  Rescuers, after six hours of hazardous work, finally took Kender from his living prison, painfully but not seriously injured.  Source document PDF Format
Vogel & Lawrence Lignite Mine Cave-in, Rockdale, Texas — Seven Mexican miners entombed for — 5 days — in the Vogel & Lawrence lignite mine near Rockdale were rescued.  Two other men found in another part of the mine were dead.  A mule also was rescued alive.  The miners were entombed when heavy rains caused a creek to cave in on the mine.  The seven taken from the mine were unconscious and barely alive.  If rescue had been delayed several more hours, they likely would have died.  They were ninety feet underground and continual digging, day and night, was necessary in order to reach the spot.  The men were so weak they had to be carried from the mine.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1913 Valley Crystal Ice and Storage Co. Lost Person, Charleroi, Pennsylvania — Fred Lambert, aged 23, became lost in the coal mine of the Valley Crystal Ice and Storage Company and wandered a day and night in the mine without sleep or anything to eat before by accident he stumbled into the right entry to find himself in the arms of friends who had gone to search for him.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1913 Barnes No. 2 Mine Roof Fall, Willis Creek, Ohio — Lester Jennings was saved from death after an undisclosed period when a large rock under which he was working in the Barnes No. 2 mine at Willis Creek fell and pinned him to the ground.  The rock rested upon piles of waste when it came down and Jennings was alive, thankful to have escaped with bruises, a dislocated shoulder, and a twisted knee.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1913 Spruce No. 1 Mine Inundation, Eveleth, Minnesota — Due to a heavy rainstorm causing a nearby creek to overflow its banks, fifteen miners became trapped in the Spruce No. 1 mine.   Ten of these miners were freed later in the day of the flood, after more than 12 hours.  The remaining 5 miners' freedom required much more difficulty which lasted nearly 4 days.  While they had suffered greatly from bad air and hunger, it was believed they would all recover.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1913 Imperial Mine Explosion, Belle Valley, Ohio — After an undisclosed period, rescuers found Roy Yeager about 300 feet from the scene of the explosion.  Yeager, who was alive, was unable to rise on account of a broken leg, and he probably owes his life to the broken leg.  Lying on the floor, he did not inhale the fumes of the afterdamp.  The rescue party carried him to a mine car and started toward the entrance.
APR 1913 Sixty-seven miners escaped from the Cincinnati Mine following the explosion that claimed 98 lives on April 23, 1913, including one apparatus wearing rescuer.  Two miners were rescued after 60 hours.  See moreExternal Link  Source document External Link
MAR 1913 Scranton Mine Fire, Charleston, West Virginia — Forty men were rescued with difficulty from the Scranton Mine of the Paint Creek Collieries Company after the fan-house was destroyed by fire.  The damage occurred within an hour after orders had been issued for the withdrawal of part of the military on duty in the coal country of Kanawha county, where martial law had reigned for almost two months because of the strike of miners.  The fire ate into the workings and at a late hour was burning 300 feet from the mouth of the mine along the main entry.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1913 Draper Colliery Inundation, Gilberton, Pennsylvania — Three miners were imprisoned for 3 days and 3 nights when the Mahonoy River flooded the Draper Colliery near Gilberton, Pennsylvania.  The face of an old breast collapsed allowing the river to flow in upon them.  The rescued miners were Joseph Drobas, William Kokas, and John Servillas.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1912 Copper Mountain Avalanche, Cordova, Alaska — Nine miners were killed when a snow slide on Copper Mountain carried away seven buildings of the Great Northern Development Company.  Two miners, John McCarthy and a Japanese named Kee, were rescued after an undisclosed period.  McCarthy was seriously injured about the body and Kee's legs were broken.  Source document  External Link
East Lehigh Coal Colliery Cave-in, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — After being imprisoned nearly — 40 hours — behind a fall of coal and rock, eight of the nine men entombed in the East Lehigh Coal Company colliery were rescued.  The other man, Joseph Walters, was believed to have been killed.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1912 Horn Silver Mine Explosion and Cave-in, Frisco, Utah — A party of 7 was entombed for 14 hours following an explosion and cave-in at the Horn silver mine near Frisco, Utah.  The group, which included the 2 teenage daughters of the mine foreman, was on a sightseeing tour of the mine.  The group was imprisoned at 10 o’clock the night before when an explosion occurred.  A cave-in that followed blocked their exit until rescuers removed the mass of earth and timbers.  Source document PDF Format
Delaware and Hudson Mine Fall of Person, Scranton, Pennsylvania — To fall down a distance of 68 feet and escape uninjured, except for slight lacerations of the scalp and face, was the unusual experience of Sank Mimce, 31, of Olyphant.  While standing at the opening of the Delaware and Hudson mine shaft, Mimce suddenly became dizzy and tumbled down the shaft pit.  That he was not killed was due to the fact that there was three feet of water at the bottom of the shaft and this broke his fall.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1912 Boston Colliery Water Rescue, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania — While repairing a sluiceway at the Boston colliery of the Delaware and Hudson Company, James Lawson was nearly drowned when the pumps of the mines began to work, sending great quantities of water into the sluiceway.  As he attempted to make his escape, Lawson became fastened in the woodwork and water was creeping gradually up about him.  The force of the pump was terrific, and as it reached its highest speed, Lawson was hurled from his fastening and carried away in the overflow water.  He was almost dead when rescued, but first-aid work restored him to consciousness.  Source document PDF Format
Bolan-Darnell Mine Explosion & Fire, Craig, Oklahoma — Imprisoned for sixteen hours in the burning Bolan-Darnell mine at Craig, Oklahoma, Frank Spanevelli was taken out alive.  He was badly burned but would recover.  The body of Antonio Piatza was found not far from the cave-in where Spanevelli was found.  They were the only two men in the mine when it caught fire after an explosion.  Source document PDF Format
Central Coal Mine No. 42 Cave-in, Wier, Kansas — Antonio Mullain, a miner who was imprisoned in the Central Coal Company’s mine No. 42 was rescued following an undisclosed period after the rescue party had dug through twenty feet of solid coal.  Mullain’s worst injury was a broken leg.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1912 Abernant Mine Explosion, Abernant, Alabama — The day after the explosion, an exploring party found a man in the 14th right aircourse, still alive.  He was brought to the surface, but in such a condition that he never regained consciousness.  Another miner, after repeated efforts to penetrate the afterdamp, took refuge at the face of 14th right aircourse and came out unassisted after about 3 hours.
White Mine Inundation, Broad Ford, Pennsylvania — Caused by the most terrific rainstorm in recent years, the White mine of the H. C. Frick Coke Company became flooded, trapping two miners.  Their rescuers, led by Superintendent John Shields waded into the mine and finally reached the two men after an undisclosed period.  The trapped miners were Jesse Addis and another miner identified only as a Slav.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1912 Panama Mine Explosion, Moundsville, West Virginia — An explosion occurred in this mine causing the death of eight men.  There were 10 men in the mine at the time of the explosion.  Seven of these men died almost instantly from burns and suffocation; two others, badly burned, made their way to the shaft bottom and were hoisted to the surface.  One of these two men died on July 13.  The tenth man was found by the rescue party and brought out alive about 24 hours after the explosion.  It was the opinion of investigators that the explosion occurred when an accumulation of gas was ignited by an open light.
JUN 1912 Hastings Mine Explosion, Hastings, Colorado — Rescuers who entered the Hastings mine early on June 19 returned soon afterward with a Greek, who was badly burned.  Source document PDF Format
Superba No. 2 Mine Inundation, Uniontown, Pennsylvania — At Evans Station, three miles from Uniontown, thirteen men were drowned in Superba No. 2 mine, better known as Polecat mine.  Following a cloudburst, a flood rushed into the mine way of the mine.  Thirty-seven men were rescued after a terrible experience. The men were down 1,000 feet from the mouth of the mine.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1912 Norrie Mine, Oliver Iron Mining Company, Ironwood, Michigan — A party of 10 miners and 3 trammers on the night shift was walking home from the boundary of the property above the twentieth level of the mine.  Hearing ground dropping, they retreated to what they thought was a safe place, the main drift, which was securely timbered and had 35 to 40 feet of solid ore above it.  The cave, however, did not occur at the place where the men had been working, but in the very place of refuse to which they had retreated, crushing in the drift timbers over a length of about 80 feet.  Six men were rescued alive after about 24 hours, but one died about a week later.  In all, 7 miners were killed.  See moreExternal Link
APR 1912 Five Points Mine Cave-in, Globe, Arizona — Henry Paryman was rescued after being trapped for 100 hours following a cave-in that occurred in the Five Points Mine of the Manitou Copper Company at Globe, Arizona.  Aside from the obvious hardships he was forced to contend with, rising water in the space in which he was confined was an issue throughout his ordeal.  Source document PDF Format
No. 8 Colliery Cave-in, Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — After having been imprisoned for thirty-six hours by a fall of coal at the No. 8 colliery, John Rubicar, a laborer, was rescued practically uninjured.  Evan Tonkin, imprisoned at the same time, but rescued shortly after, was fatally injured.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1912 San Bois No. 2 Mine Explosion, McCurtain, Oklahoma — Twenty-six men were rescued on Thursday following an undisclosed period after undergoing frightful experiences.
Bast Colliery Cave-in, Ashland, Pennsylvania — Two miners, Peter Orbitsky and Stephen Muskah, were rescued after an 8-hour entrapment following a cave-in in the Bast Colliery at Ashland, PA.  Both men were in a state of utter collapse with just enough strength to fall upon the necks of their deliverers in a hysteria of joy when reached.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1912 Eddy Creek Mine Rescue, Dickson City, Pennsylvania — Michael Hudy was rescued by a searching party after being lost for 3 days in the Eddy Creek mine of the D & H Coal Company.   Hudy was found in an abandoned working, exhausted, starving, and lying in a ditch.  He could not explain how he lost his way. He was expected to recover.  Source document PDF Format
With 140 rescuers tearing at the rock and earth blocking the shaft of the Bunker Hill Mine at Sutter Creek, California, freedom came at noon on February 8 for sixty-two miners trapped for 23 hours.  Wives and daughters of the trapped men held torches through the nights while rescuers assailed the jam.  Source document External Link
Western Coal and Iron No. 5 Mine Fire, McAlester, Oklahoma — Mexican youth, Reifne Rodriguez, was rewarded for his bravery by the United Mine Workers’ 21st district executive board.  When it was discovered that the No. 5 mine was on fire, Rodriguez ran through the workings warning all 100 workmen except for 9 of the danger allowing them to exit before the fire gained headway.  Nine miners died from suffocation in the fire.  For his bravery, the board authorized to set aside sufficient funds for the education of the young Mexican.  Source document PDF Format
Fairmount Coal Co. Mine Entrapment, Danville, Illinois — After being imprisoned in the shaft of the Fairmount Coal Company's mine near Danville for 15 hours, 50 miners were released by men who had chopped the ice from the shaft.  The men were entombed by the breaking of a wheel on the cage, while the cage was about 100 feet below the surface.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1912 Corbin Mine Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — After being entombed in the Corbin mine at Shamokin, Pennsylvania, Benjamin Smith, a miner, was rescued from under a fall of rock by fellow workmen after twelve hours work.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1911 Five miners were found alive after 58 hours following an explosion in the Cross Mountain mine at Briceville, Tennessee.  Discovery of Andrew Johnson was made when a dead miner was found in a sitting position in one of the interior chambers.  Johnson and the other men were suffering from blackdamp.  Source documentExternal Link  Source document 2PDF Format
Packer Colliery Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Joseph Reed and Thomas Levan, two miners who were entombed in the Packer Colliery of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company were rescued and would spend Christmas at home with their families.  The men were working on the night shift when there was a rush of coal and refuse, preventing escape.  So immense was the wall that mine officials feared it would take several days to dig through and that the men might be asphyxiated if not crushed to death by a further movement of the cave-in.  All available men, working in short relays at high speed, made rapid progress and the men soon were reached.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1911 Bottom Creek Mine Explosion, Vivian, West Virginia — By heroic work the rescuers reached the scene of the disaster after an undisclosed period and found engineer Alexander Williams and 3 other men who were brought out alive.  All were injured.  Hoping to reach others of the entombed men the rescuers pushed the work with all haste.  One after another they found the victims and by midnight all but two had been brought out of the mine.  The dead included 4 other engineers.
Needmore Zinc Mine Explosion and Cave-in, Oronogo, Missouri — A cave-in, caused by an overloaded mill hopper, caused six men to be buried alive for an undisclosed period in the Needmore Zinc Mine at Oronogo, but they were rescued soon afterward when a hole was blasted through to them.  The pumps were disabled by the crash of earth, which took down the mill and all machinery.  The mine was operated by J. H. Magee and John Newland of Carthage.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1911 The fourteen miners entombed in the Shakespeare Placer gold mine cave-in at Dome Creek, Alaska were freed after 84 hours.  The Keystone drill hole was enlarged by thawing until it was large enough to permit the body of a man to pass.  Then the imprisoned miners were pulled up one after another 174 feet to the surface.

Those rescued included Edward Carlson, John Smith, Oscar Burg, Peter Peterson, Frank Albani, Robert Forasino, George Sakoff, Taze Gabeso, Antone Mareno, Kabof Sakkoboff, Nik Moreff, Zip Moreff, Michael Morzof, and George Zakaloff.  This accident occurred on September 28, 1911.
Source document External Link  See more External Link about this disaster and early erroneous reporting.
SEP 1911 Morning Star Mine Cave-in, Leadville, Colorado — Fred Caski, Andrew Perle, and Nat Jacobson, the miners who were imprisoned in the Morning Star mine for sixty hours as the result of a cave-in were rescued.  Their rescue was effected through a hole made in the obstruction in the shaft. Source document PDF Format
AUG 1911 Rescuers worked for three days to free Joseph Clary, 32, from the White Oak Mine near Villa Heights, Missouri, where a cave-in had occurred on July 30.  Once a drill hole was large enough, a fried chicken dinner, water and whiskey were lowered to Clary along with a telephone from which he conversed with his family and rescuers.
Rose Hill Mine Cave-in, Cannelville, Ohio — Charles Pringle, aged 35, was buried under a pile of slate in the Rose Hill mine at Cannelville for an hour, and was so seriously injured that it was believed he would die.  He was unconscious when found, cut and bleeding on all parts of the body when rescuers finally freed him from the mass of rock.  Many bones were broken and his head was badly cut.  Miners worked for an hour in rescuing Pringle.  Source document PDF Format
Bast Colliery Cave-in, Big Mine Run, Pennsylvania — After working without cessation for 48 hours, two or the three men imprisoned in the East Holmes Gangway of the Bast Colliery at Big Mine Run, near Ashland, were rescued alive.  The rescued miners are John Dolan and Anthony Tamashitos.  The third man, Peter Zemonskie was buried beneath the fallen rock which had imprisoned the three men at the face of the gangway.  He was dead.  Dolan and Tamashitos were uninjured.  The men said they could hear the muffled sounds of the work of the rescuers which grew more distinct as they approached nearer to the small place where they were imprisoned.  They knew nothing of their missing companion, Peter Zemonskie, who was probably killed outright by the first fall of top coal.  The men had been in the mine 50 hours.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1911 Kokomo Mine Cave-in, Brazil, Indiana — George Faulkner, a miner at the Kokomo mine, near Brazil, Indiana, was buried alive for several hours by a huge mass of slate.  Faulkner was entirely covered, but retained consciousness, and when a mule driver went by several hours later.  He yelled to him for aid.  He was rescued with great effort by several miners and was found to be injured about the back with serious internal injuries.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1911 Banner Mine Explosion, Littleton, Alabama — Following the explosion that would kill 128 miners, forty-five of the miners either reached the outside to safety or got within hailing distance in the shaft and were taken out by rescuers.  Scores of volunteers were on hand, brought by the alarm spread through the valley, and many made heroic rushes into the mine to bring out the victims.  This work proved effective until the deadly gases reached the main shaft into which the men were headed, and then it meant death for all who entered the workings.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1911 Elba Mine Cave-in, Gilbert, Minnesota — Captain Benny and two miners were entombed 250 feet down in the Elba mine.  After an undisclosed period described only as "hours", Captain Benny was rescued alive and taken to his home.  His condition was reported as extremely critical.  William J. Stone, an Englishman, and Joseph Bovich, an Austrian, are the men who lost their lives.  Source document.
FEB 1911 Homestake Mine Cave-in, Lead, South Dakota — Larry Nichols, who was imprisoned in the Homestake workings by the cave-in which killed Shift Boss Joe Thomas, was dug out after almost a day and removed to the hospital.  He was not seriously injured.  Source document PDF Format
Cokedale Mine Explosion, Trinidad, Colorado — The Cokedale mine was wrecked by an explosion on February 9.  There were seventeen men in the mine at the time of the explosion, and only two shot-firers were rescued after an undisclosed period.  Superintendent Bailess of the company declared that the explosion was due to the accidental discharge of blasting powder.  The mine is owned by the American Smelting and Refining company.  Note: the news article called this the Gale Mine, however, the actual mine name is Cokedale, according to the final investigation report.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1911 Carbon Hill No. 1 Mine Explosion, Carbon Hill, Virginia — 6 men who were injured in the explosion at the Gayton Mine at Carbon Hill, Virginia were returned to the surface after an undisclosed period.  It is not clear whether all of these men survived their injuries.  A total of seven miners died as result of the explosion.
DEC 1910 Greeno Mine Explosion, Tacoma, Virginia — Four miners were either rescued or otherwise made their way to the surface after more than twelve hours following the explosion in the Greeno mine which killed eight.  The four included John Swede, James Rosenburg, John Ritsky, and G. E. Lehman.  Rosenburg was badly burned on his head, face and hands.  The others were reported to be in good condition.  Note: corrected name spellings are taken from the final accident investigation report.
NOV 1910 Jumbo Mine Explosion, Jumbo, Oklahoma — After an undisclosed period, just one miner was rescued from the shaft explosion of the Jumbo Mine, operated by the Choctaw Asphalt Company of St. Louis.  Five miners descending in cars were blown to atoms and eight others were entombed and asphyxiated by the deadly fumes.
Victor American No. 3 Mine Fire, Delagua, Colorado — 18 miners were rescued from behind barricades 5 days and 21 hours following a fire in the Victor American No. 3 mine in Delagua, Colorado.  79 miners were killed in the disaster.  Source document PDF Format  Source document 2PDF Format
Fifty men who were working in the section of the Shoal Creek No. 1 Mine where the explosion occurred were rescued after an undisclosed period according to the mine management.  Six miners died in the incident.
Fremont Mine Fire, Carson City, Colorado — The 200 men caught in the Fremont mine of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company were all hoisted to safety after the fire started in the mule stable underground.  The miners were hoisted to the surface one by one, through an air shaft which offered the only way of escape.  The Fremont mine was worked through two shafts, a haulage shaft and an air shaft.  It was believed all the men in the mine were on the air shaft side of the fire and made their way safely to the surface.  The mule stable, where the fire broke out is about 1,500 feet from the bottom of the haulage shaft.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1910 Nazareth Limestone Quarry Explosion, Nazareth, Pennsylvania — A large force of men made every effort to reach the victims, but it was some time before the first man was found.  He was still breathing, but unconscious and that he might die at any moment.  All the victims were Hungarians and Italians and were known about the quarry only by numbers.
Amsterdam No. 2 Mine Explosion, Amsterdam, Ohio — Seven bruised and burned men were rescued alive after an undisclosed period from the pit of the Youghiogheny and Ohio Coal Company's mine at Amsterdam where a terrific explosion snuffed out the lives of fifteen other miners.
Packer Mine No. 5 Cave-in, Girardville, Pennsylvania — After being imprisoned for 18 hours by a fall of coal at the Packer No. 5 mine of the Lehigh Valley colliery, near Girardville, Robert Metukas was rescued uninjured, but died an hour later from an excess of joy on being taken from the tomb.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1910 McTurks Colliery Cave-in, Girardville, Pennsylvania — John Meducas was rescued from behind hundreds of tons of coal in a breast at McTurks Colliery, where he had been imprisoned for 36 hours.  Meducas spent the entire time in the dark since he lost his lamp when the rush of coal first occurred.  Except that he suffered slightly from hunger and thirst, he experienced no ill effects from his thrilling experience.  Source document PDF Format
Gardner Mine Fall of Person, Bisbee, Arizona — Falling a considerable distance down a manway at the Gardner shaft, A. D. Creamer, a miner, was rendered unconscious and for a time it was feared he was seriously injured.  After an undisclosed period he was removed to the surface and conveyed in an ambulance to the Copper Queen hospital where he regained consciousness.  An examination showed that no bones were broken, but he was still suffering from the shock.  His bodily injuries amounted to only a few scratches.  At about the same time as the accident at the Gardner, Peter Hirgo, at the Lowell shaft, was overcome by gases in the mine and was rendered unconscious.  He was also revived at the hospital and went home later.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1910 Ernest No. 2 Mine Explosion, Ernest, Pennsylvania — Andy Kragear was overcome by the gas arising from the explosion.  A rescue party using an oxygen helmet rescued and brought him to the surface about 8 hours after the explosion.  Shortly afterward he gained consciousness and was able to tell where he boarded.  He was the only man in the mine in the vicinity of the explosion that escaped.
Sholl Mine Fire, South Bartonville, Illinois — After an undisclosed period, a rescue party entered the escape shaft of the burning Sholl mine at South Bartonville, a mile from the main shaft, and brought two miners, nearly dead from suffocation, to the surface.  The fire is believed to have had an incendiary origin and started in the tipple at 5:30 p.m.  All the upper works and wooden construction in the main shaft were burned.  The blaze was extinguished by volunteers two hours later.  Only the two men were in the mine.  The mine is owned by Sholl Brothers of Peoria.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1910 Primero Mine Explosion, Primero, Colorado — After an undisclosed period following an explosion in the Primero Mine, one man, Dio Nardine, was rescued.  He was found badly injured beneath a mass of earth and timbers.  Source document External Link
DEC 1909 Mine A Explosion and Fire, Herrin, Illinois — James Guinney, Superintendent of the mine, and Robert Hueston, manager, headed the first relay of rescuers within five minutes of the explosion.  Despite the blackdamp, they penetrated the workings.  After sending to the surface three unconscious persons they found the first of the deceased miners.  Afterdamp then forced them to retreat.
Bolen Darnell Mine Explosion, McAlester, Oklahoma — Superintendent John Brown was rescued alive after being trapped for twenty-eight hours in the Bolen Darnell Company mine.  Brown risked his life attempting to save Angelo Ascinar, a shot firer who was entombed following an explosion in the mine.  It was speculated that Brown would have died within another hour.  Source document PDF Format
Negaunee Iron Mine Cave-in, Negaunee, Michigan — Frank Cobdello, entombed for 7 days in the depths of the Negaunee mine, was rescued alive.  He was found in a pocket behind the cave-in which had trapped him and Peter Mundi.  The latter's dead body was beside Cobdello's barely conscious form.  Two others were trapped in the same incident, Victor Mattila and Peter Makki.  The body of Victor Mattila was recovered on the 23rd, terribly crushed. No further word was found on the location of Peter Makki.  In 1902, ten miners were killed in a cave-in in this mine.  Source document PDF Format
Hammond Colliery Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Buried to the neck in the rush of hundreds of tons of coal that swept into the gangway in the West Holmes vein at Hammond Colliery, Anthony Connell, 21 years old, was rescued alive and practically unhurt.  He had been hemmed in twenty-four hours and at one point given up for dead.  Miners acquainted with conditions said he could not survive the entombment.  A rescuing force working in relays of eleven men removed over three hundred tons of coal and rock before reaching him.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1909 There were tales of unbelievable suffering and endurance following the Cherry Mine Fire.  One group of miners, 500 feet underground, had built a wall of mud, rocks, and timbers to block off the poisonous gases.  They were in total darkness with only a pool of water leaking from a coal seam to drink.  After 8 days of confinement, they could bear it no longer.  They tore down the barricade and began crawling through the tunnels.  Finally, they heard the sounds of a search party.  Twenty-one men still alive from this group were rescued.  259 miners were killed in the disaster.

Black Diamonds by Ray Tutaj, Jr.
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Read and listen to the Cherry Mine Disaster Narration by Ray Tutaj, Jr. here.
London Mine Fire, Ducktown, Tennessee — Eight men imprisoned in the London mine of the Tennessee Copper Company as the result of a shaft house fire, were rescued.  None were injured.  Mine Expert Ramsay, of the rescue station recently established by the federal government at Knoxville, arrived with helmets.  The helmets were found to be of such weight that they could not be worn with ease into the levels and they were returned to the surface and abandoned.  A rescue party of three was then formed and without helmets descended the shaft, finding the eight men on the sixth level.  The miners were protected from smoke and gases by a partition they had built.  Source document PDF Format
Copper King Mine Cave-in, Reno, Nevada — Charles Moody and Harry Anderson, miners who were buried under tons of rock and timbers in a cave-in in the Copper King mine were rescued alive.  Falling rock warned the men that something was wrong and gave them time to crawl up to the 170-foot level.  They had barely reached safety when the cave-in occurred.  Forty men worked — 47 hours — to rescue the buried miners.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1909 Pennsylvania Railroad No. 14 Colliery Rescue, Plainsville, Pennsylvania — Caught fast in a pump in the No. 14 colliery of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company at Plainsville, Pennsylvania, Robert Taylor, the night engineer, was held while the water slowly rose about him.  It had reached his chin, as he stood on his toes, when rescuers reached him.  In a few minutes he would have been drowned.  He went into the working early in the morning to repair the pump and his hand was caught in the machinery.  As the pump stopped, the water began to rise.  His cries for help were not heard until four hours later.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1909 Lackawanna No. 4 Mine Explosion, Wehrum, Pennsylvania — Twelve miners were unconscious when rescued on the 23rd but were revived through the use of oxygen.  They were placed in the temporary hospital, a machine shop, and at 3 p.m. were sent to Spangler on a special train provided by Trainmaster Henry Taylor, of Cresson.
MAY 1909 Pennsylvania Coal No. 6 Mine Explosion & Fire, Inkerman, Pennsylvania — James M. Flanigan, 20, mine car tender, rescued William Derrig, 19, and John W. Mullery, 21, in the Pennsylvania Coal No. 6 Mine at Inkerman, Pennsylvania after an explosion.  Flanigan went into an abandoned drift, immediately following an explosion of gas, and brought out Derrig.  He returned, others refusing to go with him, and got Mullery.  Both Derrig and Mullery were severely injured and Derrig died one week later.  Flanigan's hands were burned from beating out fire in the men's clothing, and he was disabled 18 days.  In April 1916, James Flanigan was bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award along with $1,000 cash for his bravery.  Source document 1PDF Format  Source document 2PDF Format 
APR 1909 M & B Mine Cave-in, Duenweg, Missouri — Thomas Gibbs, the remaining miner of five entombed by the M & B mine cave-in near Duenweg, Missouri was rescued after an undisclosed period, but he died just as he was brought to the surface.  His death was the third in this incident along with Charles Evans and George Bennett.  Two other miners caught in the cave-in, Albert Winthrop and James R. Jones, fought desperately for their liberty and managed to escape.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1909 Los Angeles Aqueduct Cave-in, Pinto, California — After being buried alive for four days, John Marconi resumed his duties as a miner on the Los Angeles aqueduct, having returned to work 24 hours after his rescue.  Timbering collapsed in Tunnel No. 40 at Pinto, California.  Marconi's escape was cut off by a bank of sand, thirty feet thick.  A two-inch pipe was driven through the sand and air admitted to his dungeon.  For four days and nights aqueduct employees worked at the bank of sand, but it ran like water and little progress was made.  Marconi was rescued on March 12th, he took one day's rest and then returned to work.  Source document PDF Format
Erie Coal Explosion and Fire, Port Blanchard, Pennsylvania — An explosion of gas occurred in the colliery of the Erie Coal Company at Port Blanchard. A fire followed the explosion and sixty miners were entombed back of the fire. After several hours they were all gotten out alive.  Source document PDF Format
St. Patrick Mine Cave-in, Murray, Utah — After enduring the horrors of an underground prison with death at their elbows for — 50 hours —, George and Jerry Peterson were dragged through an 18-inch hole to freedom and safety.  They were blindfolded, wrapped in blankets, refreshed with hot coffee and hurried home.  The incident began when the roof of the drain tunnel on the St. Patrick property, four miles east of Murray, gave way and a huge mass of earth blocked the passage 160 feet from its mouth.  The Petersons were on the wrong side of the cave-in.  Warned by previous experience, they had with them a long pipe two inches in diameter.  They drove this tube through the debris to secure ventilation and undertook to burrow out.  Their digging was useless for the loosened earth ran down faster than they could remove it.  At supper time they were missed and their predicament was soon learned.  Ranchmen and a miner formed a relief party which set to work and labored heroically night and day.  Hope grew high as the barricade was reduced to a few feet, only to vanish as fresh masses of shale rumbled down from the insecure roof.  The prisoners, although supplied with air through the pipe, were weak from hunger, chilled by the water which rose to their knees and terrified by the constant peril of instant burial.  When the rescuers had removed but two or three feet of the obstruction, they were driven back 15 feet by a new earthfall.  News of the new danger spread and brought to the rescue work the chief engineer of the Newhouse mining staff.  Heavy timbers were brought from Murray, four miles away.  Timber after timber was sent into place and progress was slow but there were no more retreats.  Daylight finally burst into the tunnel prison.  Fearing delay, Mr. Johnson told the imprisoned men to stick their feet out.  Muddy boots appeared in the opening and in a moment, George Peterson was being brushed and hugged by his friends.  Jerry, who was rescued in the same manner, insisted on walking to the works.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1909 Black Diamond Colliery Fire, Luzerne, Pennsylvania — Five men were entombed by fire in the Black Diamond Colliery of the Plymouth Coal Company.  Three of them were rescued 4 hours after the fire started.  They were found a short distance from the foot of the shaft.  Overcome by the thick smoke, the men had fallen to the ground in a state of unconsciousness.  A doctor worked over them for an hour before they recovered sufficiently.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1908 Lick Branch Mine Explosion, Switchback, West Virginia — At 11 o'clock p.m., 8 hours after the explosion, eighteen of the entombed men had been taken out of the colliery alive.  They had been stifled by smoke and were not seriously injured enough to make their removal to a hospital necessary.
Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Brockwayville, Pennsylvania — William P. Harris, 30, boss mine driver, assisted in an attempt to rescue Michele Rubino, 28, miner, and helped to rescue Francis P. De Santis, 28, miner, from a mine cave-in, Brockwayville, Pennsylvania, December 12, 1908.  De Santis and two others were trying to rescue Rubino, who had been caught by a fall of rock, when a second fall occurred, catching DeSantis’s trouser leg and pinning him to the floor.  While other falls impended, Harris crawled close enough to hand De Santis a knife, with which he freed himself.  Rubino, along with his two companions, Guiseppe Petruccelli, and Vincenzo Stefanelli, when released, were found to be dead.  Mr. De Santis survived.  For their demonstrated bravery in the rescue operation, Messrs. Harris, Petruccelli (posthumously), and Stefanelli (posthumously) were bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award.  Source document External Link
OCT 1908 Wilson Creek Mine Lost Person, Scranton, Pennsylvania — Patrick Hart, 70, was rescued in the Wilson Creek mine after he stood in water up to his waist for twenty-four hours.  Knowing that his one chance of being found lay in standing in a channel which his rescuers would follow.  His fellow workmen originally missed him, and when a systematic search finally led them to the spot where the old man stood.  He was on the verge of collapse.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1908 Chauncey Colliery Cave-in, Avondale, Pennsylvania — After being entombed in a mine working for over ten hours, Andrew Harris, a miner, was rescued from under the debris in the Chauncey colliery, at Avondale.   Harris was shut in by a fall of roof, and the miners had little hope of his being alive.  Soon however, faint tappings from behind the debris told of his existence, and gangs of men were called to work on the fall.  They worked without interruption till they could hear the voice of Harris directing them the way nearest to him.  He was considerably exhausted when the last shovel of rock and coal was cleared off, but in a short time he felt as well as usual.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1908 A fall of top rock occurred following an explosion in the Knickerbocker Colliery near Shenandoah, Pennsylvania.  Two miners died, but John Kuza, William Suso and Charles Cowley were rescued.  The three men were seriously injured.
JUL 1908 Willamstown Colliery Explosion, Williamstown, Pennsylvania — Ten miners were removed from the mine after an undisclosed period badly burned and torn by the force of the explosion.  It was feared that several of them would die.  One of the injured men was taken to the morgue and it was not until an identification of the bodies was made that it was found that he was living.  The exact number of miners rescued is not known.  Seven miners perished in the disaster.
JUN 1908 Markle Mine Cave-in, Jeddo, Pennsylvania — After an undisclosed period, Michael Lebon was rescued unhurt from a cave-in at the G. B. Markle and Company mine in Jeddo, Pennsylvania.  Two falls occurred in the mine during this event.  The first narrowly missed entombing seven other miners.  The second fall, also called a "squeeze", trapped Lebon in between two large pieces of a room, ahead and behind where he ended up.  Thought to be dead, Lebon escaped injury, even directing the rescuers how and where to dig.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1908 Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Salineville, Ohio — Francis C. Skinner, 32, stationary engineer, died attempting to rescue Wesley J. Wright, 48, and John W. Rowe, 36, in a mine, Salineville, Ohio, May 27, 1908.  Wright and Rowe were disabled by an explosion, and Skinner, with others, was lowered 180 feet down a shaft, where the carriage stuck, ropes being used to get to the bottom 20 feet farther.  Having been released from debris, Wright was being carried to the shaft when a piece of timber fell, striking Skinner on the head and killing him instantly.  Francis C. Skinner was posthumously bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award.  Source document External Link
APR 1908 Hammond Mines Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — Richard Brown rescued alive after being entombed in Hammond Mines at Mahanoy City for more than thirty-six hours.  Brown was unhurt and except for his enforced abstinence from eating, which had weakened him, he was in good condition.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1908 Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine Cave-in, Wardner, Idaho — Paul Emmanuelson, the timberman who was imprisoned at the Bunker Hill and Sullivan mine at Wardner, Idaho, by the caving in of an abandoned stope, was rescued alive after thirty hours.  His companion was rescued late the previous evening.  Source document PDF Format
FEB 1908 Mid-Valley Colliery Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — All but one of the miners who were entombed in the Mid-Valley colliery were rescued alive.  One of the miners was killed following the accident which entombed the men and two were injured.  When the rescuing party penetrated to the entombed men it was found that the men had dug for a great distance through fallen coal.  Source document PDF Format
Tombstone Consolidated Fall of Person, Tombstone, Arizona — John Ashcroft, a miner in the employ of the Tombstone Consolidated Company, met with an accident that might have cost his life.  While going toward the ore shute, he accidentally stumbled into it and fell.  He struck on a timber about ten feet down and, grabbing hold of it, saved himself from falling to the bottom of the shoot, a distance of about fifty feet.  After an undisclosed period, he was rescued from his perilous position by fellow workmen and immediately taken to the surface and then to his home.  A physician was summoned, and an examination showed that Mr. Ashcroft had escaped with but a few slight bruises and a small cut on the side of the head.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1908 Packer Colliery No. 5 Cave-in, Girardville, Pennsylvania — For ten hours Alexander Donaldson was trapped by a cave-in at the Packer Colliery No. 5 at Girardville, Pennsylvania.  Earlier, Donaldson fired a shot at the face of a breast, but as he sought to get away, he fell and was swept down the chute by the rush of coal and dirt freed by the shot.  Rescuers found him lying upon his face, with his head pillowed on his arms, conscious but unable to move hand or foot.  He was unhurt except for a few bruises.  Source document PDF Format
Giroux Mine Cave-in, Ely, Nevada — After having been entombed for — 46 days — in the Alpha shaft of the Giroux mine, A. D. Bailey, P. J. Brown and Fred McDonald were rescued.  At 8:30 on the night of January 18, 1908, Bailey was the first to be brought out.  Fourteen minutes later, McDonald came to the surface, and ten minutes afterwards, Brown was brought up.  Whistles all over the district blew loudly, while crowds cheered in the streets of Ely and every bell in the town was ringing.  On the morning of December 4, 1907, McDonald, Brown, Bailey and two Greeks were working in the bottom of the third compartment shaft, eighty-five feet below the pump station and 1,085 feet below the surface.  The cave-in occurred at 9 o’clock. The cable used to haul the cage from the third compartment to the shaft snapped and thousands of tons of rock, debris, and timbers fell down into the shaft.  From the bottom of the compartment in which the men were working to the pumping station a distance of eight-five feet a series of rickety ladders offered the only means of escape.  With falling rocks and timbers streaming down upon them the five struggled up these ladders. Half way up falling timbers knocked the two Greeks from the ladder killing them.  At first it was thought that all the men had perished, but twenty-four hours after the cave-in the three men who occupied the pumping station managed in make themselves heard by tapping on a pipe that was the means of saving the lives of the three men.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1907 Monongah Mine Explosion, Monongah, West Virginia — In his book, Davitt McAteer tells about Monongah survivor Peter Urban.  Urban, a Polish immigrant, was found by rescuers sitting on the body of his injured brother, Stanislaus, trying to protect him.

"Peter and Stanislaus had run to escape the explosion, but Stanislaus fell and Peter stopped to try and help him up," McAteer writes.

"He was unable to move Stanislaus, and they remained there for five and a half hours.  Underground, the rescuers attempted to remove Stanislaus, but just then, he expired.  Stanislaus, a father of four, would be brought out days later."

On Oct. 9, 1926, almost 19 years later, Peter Urban was killed by a fall of coal in the same Monongah Mine.  Source document PDF Format
Fridley, Murry & Mosher Mine Fall of Person, Jamestown, Illinois — Harry Mosher of Jamestown in Scott County fell fifty feet down a mine shaft into ten feet of water and received no more than a few bruises.  Mr. Mosher was employed at the Fridley, Murry & Mosher mine.  He stood on a plank over the mouth of the shaft, hoisting a plug to release water from a tank.  The plank broke in the middle and Mr. Mosher went twisting and somersaulting down the shaft.  The water at the bottom of the shaft saved his life.  When he came to the surface of the water, he seized a piece of the plank which had fallen with him and thus sustained himself until help arrived.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1907 A cave-in deep inside the Draper Mine at Gilberton, Pennsylvania, followed by an inrush of culm and water from the surface trapped Michael McCabe for 87 hours before rescuers managed to free him.  He was released from his prison barely alive.  Source document External Link
SEP 1907 Unnamed Mine Rescue, Duluth, Minnesota — Paul Meliege was rescued from an unnamed mine near Duluth, Minnesota after an undisclosed period.  He was 265 feet underground when he was caught in a sinking depression taking him down another 115 feet.  When dragged out, Meliege fainted from exhaustion.  He was rushed to a nearby hospital where it was said he would recover.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1907 Unnamed Anthracite Coal Mine Cave-in, Inkerman, Pennsylvania — Thomas Huntley, 40; John Merrick, 50; and Patrick F. Walsh, 29, helped to rescue John R. Eustice, 52, timberman, from a mine cave-in, Inkerman, Pennsylvania, August 22, 1907.  Eustice and four others had been caught by the caving of the roof.  While the roof was working, the walls squeezing, and small stuff falling at intervals, Huntley, with the assistance of the others, dug Eustice from under the coal and debris where he lay injured and carried him to safety.  Eustice recovered.  All four rescuers were bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for their bravery.  Source document External Link
Butler Colliery Rescue, Pittston, Pennsylvania — Lost miner Paul Swanbeck was found on August 19th, just in time to avoid the postponement of his daughter’s wedding.  Swanbeck had been missing for 48 hours in the Butler Colliery at Pittston, Pennsylvania.  He had wandered into some remote workings, lost his light, and been sickened by foul air.  He was semi-conscious when found.  Safe and sound after his ordeal and lying on the sofa at home, he was able to witness the wedding.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1907 North Franklin Colliery Cave-in, Shamokin, Pennsylvania — After being entombed thirteen hours by a rush of coal in the North Franklin Colliery, the rescuing party reached William Crawford alive, but badly injured.  His brother, Emanuel, was found dead.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1907 Hope Mine Cave-in, Basin, Montana — As a result of a cave-in at the famous Hope Mine, at Basin, Montana, Charles Collins, a miner, was caught beneath many tons of debris.  The rescuers were more than surprised at the end of 17 hours of work to find him absolutely uninjured, the timbers having protected him.  So great was the fright from the experience, however, that Collins decided to lay off and went to Butte, where he dropped dead. Source document PDF Format
Shenandoah City Mine Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — In the Shenandoah City mine, Michael Wilcoski, a miner, was rescued from almost certain death by a rescue party.  Wilcoski was loading a car in a gangway when a fall of coal occurred, extending for over forty feet.  Large lumps of coal fell in such a position that Wilcoski was pinned fast, but the lumps served as support and the full weight of coal did not rest on him.  Rescuers worked for five hours before a tunnel was made and the walls braced so he could be released.  Source document PDF Format
Phillips Mine Cave-in, Salisbury, Pennsylvania — After having been entombed in the Phillips mine near Salisbury for an undisclosed period, Tom and Lawrence Fallon were reached by a rescuing party.  Lawrence Fallon was found alive and well, but his brother Tom was seriously injured.  The two men were imprisoned by a cave-in of the roof of the heading in which they were working.  Source document PDF Format
MAY 1907 Mandabach Mine Cave-in, Washington, Indiana — Joseph Summer, 50, was buried alive beneath several tons of coal in Mandabach’s mines.  It required almost an hour for workmen to dig him out.  He was still alive when rescued, but so badly injured that it was believed he would die.  Source document PDF Format
APR 1907 Seven miners were rescued after 100 hours in the flooded Mine No. 38 of the Berwind-White Operations at Foustwell, Pennsylvania.  Their rescue was made possible by the bravery of Stiney Rodon and Charles Ream who located the men by swimming 50 feet through a water-filled heading.  Earlier, four others made a similar attempt, but were unsuccessful and returned half-drowned.  Mike Boyla, a mine contractor, took charge of the group of trapped men and led them to the highest point in the heading where they waited for rescuers.  Source document External Link
Otto Colliery Cave-in, Pottsville, Pennsylvania — Although burled alive under tons of coal dirt for over half an hour, James Maley of Branchdale was rescued alive at the Otto colliery.  He was unconscious for several hours after being dug out, but it was believed his life would be saved.  Maley was shoveling at the base of a high culm bank when the top collapsed and fell upon him, completely burying him.  Source document PDF Format
Good Enough Stope Fall of Horse, Tombstone, Arizona — A remarkable cave-in occurred near the corner of Fifth and Toughnut streets in Tombstone at 1:00 p.m. on April 21, 1907.  A horse and wagon belonging to the Tombstone Improvement Company were suddenly precipitated some 75 feet below street level.  The driver had climbed down to see why his horse had stumbled only to find himself standing on the edge of a gaping aperture with his horse and wagon far below.  Although considerably bruised, the horse was found to have apparently suffered no serious injury.  The animal was found pressed beneath the wagon and some timbers and was rescued before the rapidly descending earth smothered him.  The wagon was badly wrecked, both front wheels being broken.  By means of ropes the vehicle was pulled out through the opening on the surface, while the horse was taken through the drifts of the old workings and brought to the surface near the old Visna shaft, some distance from where he went under.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1907 Homestake Mine Fire, Lead, South Dakota — A fierce fire was raging in the great Homestake mine at Lead.  Following an undisclosed period, twelve miners were rescued with great difficulty after having been overcome with gas and smoke.  The fire started in the stables located in the 600-foot level and it soon imprisoned 12 miners who were working beyond.  After burning nine horses to death the flames spread quickly to the timbered slopes between the Highland shaft and the Star hoist.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1907 Penco Mine Explosion, Penco, West Virginia — Following the explosion, almost eighty men were still at the bottom of the shaft.  Almost suffocated, they huddled closely together and cried pitifully up the shaft for assistance.  Several rescuers took possession of the elevator car and quickly ran it down into the shaft.  There were accommodations for only about twenty of the men at a time, however, and the foreign miners, who were crazed from fright, fought like demons to board the car, greatly retarding the work of rescue.  On the last two trips a majority of the miners were unconscious and had to be carried from the car.
After being imprisoned for nearly two days in an old coal mine near Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, John Stevens managed to dig himself out and drag himself to his home.  He was at work in the old mine when he found himself hemmed in by fallen material all around.  With nothing but a shovel handle, he managed to dig through the wall of coal.  He fainted from exhaustion repeatedly and was scarcely able to drag himself to his home. Searching parties had been looking for him.  Source document PDF Format
Ontario Mine Cave-in, Park City, Utah — Henry Drew, 25, had a narrow escape in the Ontario mine at Park City.  Several tons of dirt and rock came down, knocking him over and burying him up to his chin.  His light was extinguished and he lay in the darkness for several minutes expecting that at every moment more rock would come down and bury him alive before his partner could summon a party to rescue him.  The party soon arrived and for two hours they worked desperately to release the imprisoned miner.  When he was finally released, he was carried through the tunnel on a truck and conveyed to his mother's home.  Examination showed that Drew was badly bruised about the shoulders and legs, but, otherwise, he appeared to be uninjured.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1906 Rescuers worked around the clock to release Lindsay B. Hicks from his tomb in the Edison Tunnel near Bakersfield, California.  Trapped there with five other miners on December 7, Hicks’ freedom finally came after his 15 day entrapment.  He was the only survivor.  On December 12, speaking through a pipe, Hicks told rescuers that he had survived on 40 cents of chewing tobacco.  Victory finally came for his rescuers on December 22nd at 11:25 p.m.  Source document External Link
NOV 1906 San Toy No. 1 Mine Shaft Disaster, Corning, Ohio — Three men, who clung to the cage in which they were riding, were saved after an undisclosed period.  The men were ascending in the mule cage when the door, which had been left open, caught against the sides of the shaft.  Five were killed when they were thrown from the cage and fell 150 feet to the bottom of the shaft.
OCT 1906 Unnamed Coal Mine Cave-in, Stockdale, Pennsylvania — Arthur Smith and Albert W. Simpson helped to rescue George Spencer from a mine cave-in, Stockdale, Pennsylvania, October 9, 1906.  Spencer, 54, was caught by a fall of slate.  There was room for only one person to work at his release.  Smith, 28, driver, was first to go, and, while he was digging away the debris, another fall occurred but missed them by a narrow margin.  Fatigue compelled Smith to stop, and Simpson took up the work and after 15 minutes’ labor, Spencer was extricated.  Another fall seemed to be impending and did occur an hour later.  Arthur Smith and Albert Simpson were bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award.  Source document External Link
MAY 1906 Hazel Kirk Mine No. 1 Fire, Washington, Pennsylvania — Three hundred miners were rescued from the fire in the Hazel Kirk Mine No. 1 of the Pittsburg and Westmoreland Coal Company.  A trapper boy had volunteered to go into the mine and warn the men, and gained an entrance through a winding stairway in the air shaft.  While the men outside fought the flames with buckets of water and kept the blaze from the air shaft, miners poured from the pit.  The mules in the mine, almost suffocated by smoke, stampeded, and were beyond control eighty feet from the surface.  Source document PDF Format
Unnamed Fairview Mine Cave-in, Fairview, Nevada — While working on the stope in a mine at Fairview, Felix Noe was buried under thirty-seven feet of dirt, rock and timbers, which caved in on him.  A rescue party worked for hours getting him out.  He was badly injured internally.  Source document PDF Format
Abandoned Mine Asphyxiations, Greensburg, Pennsylvania — Wasall Kircera gave up his life while trying to save three boys from death in an abandoned mine, where blackdamp was known to escape from the old workings.  The boys were playing and soon became senseless under the influence of the deadly gas.  Kircera saw the boys’ peril, plunged down into the hole and hurled two of them to the outside.  Then Kircera fell, overcome by the gas fumes.  A friend went down after him and, after throwing the remaining boy out, dragged Kircera up the bank.  The gas was too much for Kircera, however, and he died in a few minutes, while his friend was in a serious condition and not expected to live.  Source document PDF Format
MAR 1906 Century No. 1 Mine Explosion, Century, West Virginia — Within one hour after the accident Superintendent James Ward had a relief gang in the mine.  The first trip out brought ten men, five dead and five badly burned.  During the second expedition, twenty injured men were making their way towards the bottom of the shaft and were brought to the surface by the rescuers.
FEB 1906 Parral Mine Explosion, Parral, West Virginia — After an undisclosed period following the explosion, rescuers removed twelve miners alive, but it was believed that most of them would die from their injuries.
Rosco Mine Cave-in, Forest Ranch, California — For twelve hours, James Larkin, a miner in the Rosco Mine at Forest Ranch, lay pinioned under a mass of rock and timbers which had settled down on him while putting in a set of timbers.  The tunnel was known to be dangerous, but the work had to be done and Larkin volunteered to do it.  Twice when within a few feet of Larkin, the ground caved in again and it was feared he would die before aid could reach him.  Finally, after twelve hours of hard work, their efforts were rewarded and Larkin was rescued.  Both legs were broken and it was feared internal injuries would cause his death.  Source document PDF Format
King Jack Mine Cave-in, Joplin, Missouri — Graves Jett, a miner, lived twenty hours pinioned under hundreds of tons of rock, which fell from the roof of the King Jack mine.  He was rescued by thirty of his fellow workmen, who had worked incessantly since the falling of the material and who did not know that he was alive until a short time before the rescue was effected.  Jett recognized and spoke, cheerfully to his wife when taken to the top of the ground and declared that he would live, but despite his struggle for life, he died later at his home, his lungs having been affected by the foul air which he breathed while imprisoned.  Source document PDF Format
JAN 1906 Lincoln Mine Quicksand Inundation, Virginia, Minnesota — Victor Peltoniemi was rescued alive after having been buried under 20 feet of quicksand for nearly 10 hours in the Lincoln mine near Virginia, Minnesota.  Peltoniemi owed his life to a large boulder weighing several tons, which fell in such a way as to rest on some mining timbers and form a small cavity about his chest and head, the other parts of his body being held by the dirt as tightly as if gripped in a vice.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1905 Horton Mine Fire, Horton, West Virginia — After an undisclosed period, two of the miners who were in the more remote sections of the mine were rescued.  These men, who were overcome by smoke, were revived after being brought out.
Coxey Shaft Mine Rescue, Pittston, Pennsylvania — Joseph Davies, a miner, was found in the Coxey Shaft of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company almost starved to death having gone without food for eight days.  When found, he was slightly demented and could not account for his wanderings.  While lost he had nothing to eat and drank the sulfur water of the mine.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1905 Tunnel Ridge Mine Cave-in, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania — Charles Rinea was rescued — 8 hours — following a cave-in at the Tunnel Ridge Mine at Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania.  His work companion, Joseph Skernolis, died in the accident.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1905 Joe Oinesky was trapped under a fall of coal for 14 hours in the North End Coal Company’s mine near Scranton, Pennsylvania.  He was finally released after forty carloads of coal and rock were dug from around him.  Remarkably he was saved from injury by the fact that two big slabs of rock formed a sort of tent over him.  Source document PDF Format
Kirtley Mine Cave-in, Georgetown, Colorado — After men worked continuously for 44 hours, John O'Day was rescued from a perilous position in the Kirtley mine at Georgetown, Colorado, where he had been confined without light, food or water.  O'Day seemed none the worse for his long confinement.  He wanted to walk to town but a carriage conveyed him to his hotel in Georgetown.  This was the second experience of entombment for O’Day.  He was confined once before for 36 hours.  Source document PDF Format
AUG 1905 Mountain Consolidated Mine Cave-in, Butte, Montana — After facing death for 24 hours, Con Sullivan was rescued by a force of about 50 miners, who worked in gangs of three and four with feverish haste.  He was working on the 100-foot level of a section of the Mountain Consolidated mine, when a cave of many tons of rock, covering a distance of over 40 feet, entombed him, and narrowly escaped crushing him to death.  Sullivan had barely enough room to stretch himself out and with rare presence of mind, though death hovered over him.   devoted many hours of his imprisonment to sleep, believing he could better preserve his strength, as the air was rapidly growing bad and he feared suffocation.  When the rescuers reached him, the man emerged from his narrow prison with a smile on his countenance, and unassisted climbed the ladder to the top.  Over 100 miners had gathered at the shaft, and he was accorded an ovation.  Source document PDF Format
JUL 1905 Fuller Mine Explosion, Searights, Pennsylvania — The rescuing party had a remarkable escape from death.  They had gone to the bottom of the shaft for the last body and had the body securely fastened to the bottom of the temporary rigged bucket when the concrete wall and timbering about the top of the shaft tumbled down a distance of 70 feet.  The timbers caught in such a manner over the top of the bucket as to save the men who were huddled in it from instant death.  They were buried, however, by hundreds of tons of concrete and scaffolding.  Enough crevices were left in the wreckage to supply them with air until they were rescued in half an hour.
Pond Creek Mine Rescue, Hazleton, Pennsylvania — John Dusheck saved the life of Miss Emma Martin while conducting a sight-seeing party of the Pond Creek mine near Hazleton. While in the mine, a gust of wind blew out the lights and Miss Martin went ahead in the darkness. Just as she came upon the brink of a 100-foot shaft, Dusheck seized her, saving her from an awful death. The end of the article states "the incident broke up the trip." Indeed!  Source document PDF Format
Jeddo Mine Cave-in, Upper Lehigh, Pennsylvania — For nearly seven hours Andrew Wisda, a miner, was entombed in the Jeddo mines, and was rescued alive.  Wisda was working in a breast fifty feet up from the gangway, when a heavy fall took place below him.  He was unconscious when taken out, but soon revived in the air.  Source document PDF Format
JUN 1905 Carbonate Hill Mine Explosives Detonation, Ketchum, Idaho — Three miners rescued their mine foreman, Charles A. McCoy, from the Carbonate Hill mine near Ketchum, Idaho after an undisclosed period.  These three miners were awarded the Carnegie Hero Medal:  Source document PDF Format
APR 1905 Cabin Creek Mine Explosion, Kayford, West Virginia — Nine men were still within the mine when the explosion occurred.  Of these four reached safety with the assistance of friends.  Three of the number were so seriously injured that they are not expected to live.  Those rescued were William Jacobs, George Eastman, Morrey Darby and William Robinson.  The last three men were seriously injured.
JAN 1905 Hartzel and Gottschalk Mine Cave-in, Ironton, Pennsylvania — Pinned to the ground by a piece of heavy timber and covered over by a mass of earth, William Brown was rescued after being buried alive for 11 hours in a mine at Ironton, Pennsylvania.  Source document PDF Format
Decatur Mine Fire, Decatur, Illinois — About 20 miners were imprisoned by smoke in distant entries as a result of fire in the stables of the Decatur coal company mine, but were rescued after an undisclosed period.  Fire communicated from the stables to timbers of the mine but was put out by firemen after a long struggle.  Damage to the mine was believed to be small.  Source document PDF Format
DEC 1904 Woodside Coal Company Mine Fire, Springfield, Illinois — After being imprisoned for hours in the burning shaft of the Woodside Coal Company, 14 men were rescued.  The top works of the mine were destroyed and the flames spread to the underground workings.  Source document PDF Format
Eldorado Mine Explosion, Eldorado, Illinois — Thanks to the bravery of Patrick Reed, mine boss, four miners were rescued and were resting in their homes following an explosion in the Eldorado Coal and Coke company's mine.  The explosion, the cause of which was unknown, damaged the machinery and the cage could not be raised. Mine Boss Reed volunteered to go down to aid the men and was lowered in a bucket.  He groped his way through the blinding fumes and found the four after an undisclosed period.  Four other men were entombed in the mine, with no hope for their rescue.  Source document PDF Format
NOV 1904 Hudson Coal Company Fall of Person, Jersey City, New Jersey — Buried under ten tons of coal, with life sustained by means of a piece of gas pipe forced through the heavy mass, while his comrades worked heroically to rescue him, was the experience of Hugh Kelly, an employee of the Hudson Coal Company.  Kelly had been at work on the top of a thirty-foot trestle, up to which big steel cars, each carrying fifty tons of coal, were run from the barges.  Kelly was on a car fastening the brakes when another employee, Thomas Haggerty, pulled the lever which releases the coal from the bottom of the car.  Kelly fell with the coal thirty feet, and in an instant was buried under tons of it.  Kelly’s fatal plunge was seen by Haggerty and his cries for help brought other employees, headed by the superintendent of the yard, to the scene.  A long piece of gas pipe was shoved down through the coal, and fortunately reached the entombed man, who was thus saved from suffocation.  When Kelly was reached his teeth were clinched viselike on the end of the gas pipe.  An ambulance was summoned and Kelly taken to the hospital, where an examination proved that his injuries were fatal.  Source document PDF Format
OCT 1904 Abandoned Anthracite Mine Cave-in, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania — Frank Borjerko, an old miner, was digging coal for his family’s winter supply in an abandoned drift at the Furnace colliery when the roof caved in, completely covering him.  Fellow coal pickers, at the risk of their own lives, set to work and soon uncovered the victim's head, so that he could breathe.  For twelve hours they feverishly worked to free him, despite another threatened fall, and finally got him out alive.  He was seriously injured about the body and limbs.  Source document PDF Format
Sioux Colliery Cave-in, Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania — Caught by a fall of coal at the Sioux Colliery, Michael Kennedy lay buried with his face exposed for fifteen hours.  No one witnessed the accident, and when he did not return home in the evening searching parties entered his place of work and found him nearly dead from exhaustion, but he was expected to live.  Source document PDF Format
SEP 1904 Unnamed Anthracite Coal Mine Cave-in, Kingston, Pennsylvania — William Watkins, 24, coal miner, rescued Brinley R. Davis, 22, mine car tender; Rees J. Williams, 19, driver, and Joseph Winchent, 45, coal miner, in a mine, Kingston, Pennsylvania, September 3, 1904.  Watkins successively took the men from the place of an explosion, where there was imminent danger of the roof falling, to a position of safety.  Mr. Watkins was bestowed the Carnegie Hero Award for his efforts.  Source document External Link
AUG 1904 Lykens Valley Coal Mine Cave-in, Wiconisco, Pennsylvania — Frank Paul was completely buried in a mass of coal which fell down upon him while he was working in what is known as the Little Vein of the Lykens Valley Coal Company and was so terribly bruised that he was unable to move.  Morris Woest and William Plark were working with Paul, when suddenly coal from only a few feet above him came down and covered every portion of his body.  His two companions were uninjured by the cave-in and were able to render him immediate assistance and succeeded in extricating his body after an undisclosed period before he was suffocated.